2017 New Jersey Revised Statutes
TITLE 12A - COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS
Section 12A:9-109 - Scope.

12A:9-109 Scope.

12A:9-109. Scope.

(a) General scope of chapter. Except as otherwise provided in subsections (c) and (d), this chapter applies to:

(1) a transaction, regardless of its form, that creates a security interest in personal property or fixtures by contract;

(2) an agricultural lien;

(3) a sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes;

(4) a consignment;

(5) a security interest arising under 12A:2-401, 12A:2-505, 12A:2-711(3), or 12A:2A-508(5), as provided in 12A:9-110; and

(6) a security interest arising under 12A:4-210 or 12A:5-118.

(b) Security interest in secured obligation. The application of this chapter to a security interest in a secured obligation is not affected by the fact that the obligation is itself secured by a transaction or interest to which this chapter does not apply.

(c) Extent to which chapter does not apply. This chapter does not apply to the extent that:

(1) a statute, regulation, or treaty of the United States preempts this chapter; or

(2) the rights of a transferee beneficiary or nominated person under a letter of credit are independent and superior under 12A:5-114.

(d) Inapplicability of chapter. This chapter does not apply to:

(1) a landlord's lien, other than an agricultural lien;

(2) a lien, other than an agricultural lien, given by statute or other rule of law for services or materials, but 12A:9-333 applies with respect to priority of the lien;

(3) an assignment of a claim for wages, salary, or other compensation of an employee;

(4) a sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes as part of a sale of the business out of which they arose;

(5) an assignment of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes which is for the purpose of collection only;

(6) an assignment of a right to payment under a contract to an assignee that is also obligated to perform under the contract;

(7) an assignment of a single account, payment intangible, or promissory note to an assignee in full or partial satisfaction of a preexisting indebtedness;

(8) a transfer of an interest in or an assignment of a claim under a policy of insurance, other than an assignment by or to a health-care provider of a health-care-insurance receivable and any subsequent assignment of the right to payment, but 12A:9-315 and 12A:9-322 apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds;

(9) an assignment of a right represented by a judgment, other than a judgment taken on a right to payment that was collateral;

(10) a right of recoupment or set-off, but:

(A) 12A:9-340 applies with respect to the effectiveness of rights of recoupment or set-off against deposit accounts; and

(B) 12A:9-404 applies with respect to defenses or claims of an account debtor;

(11) the creation or transfer of an interest in or lien on real property, including a lease or rents thereunder, except to the extent that provision is made for:

(A) liens on real property in 12A:9-203 and 12A:9-308;

(B) fixtures in 12A:9-334; and

(C) fixture filings in 12A:9-501, 12A:9-502, 12A:9-512, 12A:9-516 and 12A:9-519; and

(D) security agreements covering personal and real property in 12A:9-604;

(12) an assignment of a claim arising in tort, other than a commercial tort claim, but 12A:9-315 and 12A:9-322 apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds;

(13) an assignment of a deposit account in a consumer transaction, but 12A:9-315 and 12A:9-322 apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds; or

(14) a transfer by a government or governmental unit.

L.2001, c.117, s.1; amended 2001, c.386, s.7.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. New Jersey may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.