2016 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 2a - Administration Of Civil And Criminal Justice
Section 2A:44A-24.1 - Lien Claims Enforced By Suit.
2A:44A-24.1 Lien claims enforced by suit.
18. a. Subject to the requirements of section 14 of P.L.1993, c.318 (C.2A:44A-14), and in the case of lien claims arising from residential construction contracts the additional requirements of sections 20 and 21 of P.L.1993, c.318 (C.2A:44A-20 and 2A:44A-21), a lien claim arising under P.L.1993, c.318 (C.2A:44A-1 et al.) shall be enforced by a suit commenced in the Superior Court within one year of the date of the last provision of work, services, material or equipment, payment for which the lien claim was filed. Venue shall be laid in the county in which the real property affected by the lien claim is located.
b.A lien claimant shall join as party defendants the owner or community association, if applicable, in accordance with section 3 of P.L.1993, c.318 (C.2A:44A-3), contractor or subcontractor alleged to have failed to make payments for which the lien claim has been filed and any other person having an interest in the real property that would be adversely affected by the judgment. The court shall order joinder of necessary parties or determine if it is appropriate for the suit to proceed if party defendants are not joined.
c.The court shall stay the suit to the extent that the lien claimant's contract or the contract of another party against whose account the lien claim is asserted provides that any disputes pertaining to the validity or amount of a lien claim are subject to arbitration or other dispute resolution mechanism.
d. Upon commencement of the suit, the lien claimant shall cause a Notice of Lis Pendens to be filed in the office of the county clerk or register pursuant to N.J.S.2A:15-6 et seq.
e. A party to a suit to enforce a lien claim shall be entitled to assert any defense available to any other party in contesting the amount for which a claimant seeks to have the lien reduced to judgment.
f.The judgment to be entered in a suit to enforce a lien claim shall (1) establish the amount due to the lien claimant; and (2) direct the public sale by the sheriff or other such officer as the court may direct of the real property and improvement affected by the lien. The proceeds of the sale shall be distributed in accordance with section 23 of P.L.1993, c.318 (C.2A:44A-23). If funds are realized at the sale in an amount greater than the lien fund, the surplus funds shall be distributed in accordance with law.
g.Nothing in this act shall bar recovery of money damages pursuant to a lien claim arising under P.L.1993, c.318 (C.2A:44A-1 et al.).
h.A judgment obtained against a community association that is unpaid may be enforced by assessment against unit owners as they would be assessed for any other common expense, after reasonable notice, and in a manner directed by the court. In ordering assessments, the court shall be guided by the master deed, bylaws or other document governing the association. A judgment shall not be enforced by the sale of any common elements, common areas or common buildings or structures of a real property development.
i.Upon resolution of the suit other than by the entry of final judgment in favor of the plaintiff in accordance with subsection f. of this section, a cancellation or discharge of lis pendens should be filed, by the party who filed the enforcement action, in the office of the county clerk or register where the notice of lis pendens is filed.
L.2010, c.119, s.18.
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