2016 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 2a - Administration Of Civil And Criminal Justice
Section 2A:162-13 - Source Of Bail Information Required Under Penalty Of Law; Bail Sufficiency Hearings.
2A:162-13 Source of bail information required under penalty of law; bail sufficiency hearings.
1. a. When a person charged with a crime with bail restrictions, as defined in subsection a. of section 1 of P.L.1994, c.144 (C.2A:162-12), posts cash bail or secures a bail bond, the person, no later than the time of posting bail or proffering the surety or bail bond, shall provide to the prosecutor, on a form promulgated by the Attorney General, relevant information under penalty of perjury about the obligor, indemnifier or person posting cash bail, the security offered, and the source of any money or property used to post the cash bail or secure the surety or bail bond, as the case may be. This required information shall include, but not be limited to, the defendant's employment history, the names and addresses of any persons who contributed money or pledged security for the proffered bail or toward a surety bond, the amount, nature and timing of such contributions, and the relationship to the defendant of any such persons contributing resources. Bail may not be accepted from a person subject to the requirements of this subsection until the prosecutor is provided the completed form required by this subsection.
b.When a person charged with an offense posts cash bail or secures a bail bond in any amount, the court may, upon the request of the prosecutor, conduct an inquiry to determine the reliability of the obligor or person posting cash bail, the value and sufficiency of any security offered, the relationship of the obligor or person posting cash bail to the defendant and the defendant's interest in ensuring that the bail is not forfeited, and whether the funds used to post the cash bail or secure the bail bond were acquired as a result of criminal or unlawful conduct. When the offense charged against such person is a crime with bail restrictions as defined in subsection a. of section 1 of P.L.1994, c.144 (C.2A:162-12), the court shall, upon the request of the prosecutor, conduct an inquiry pursuant to the provisions of this subsection. The court may examine, under oath or otherwise, any person who may possess relevant information, and may inquire into any matter appropriate to its determination, including, but not limited to, the following:
(1)The character, background and reputation of the person posting cash bail;
(2)The relationship of the person posting cash bail or securing a bail bond to the defendant;
(3)The source of any money posted as cash bail and whether any such money constitutes the fruits of criminal or unlawful conduct;
(4)The character, background and reputation of any person who has indemnified or agreed to indemnify an obligor on the bond;
(5)The character, background and reputation of any obligor, or, in the case of a surety bond, the qualifications of the surety and its executing agent;
(6)The source of any money or property deposited by any obligor as security and whether such money or property constitutes the fruits of criminal or unlawful conduct; and
(7)The source of any money or property delivered or agreed to be delivered by any obligor as indemnification on the bond and whether such money or property constitutes the fruits of criminal or unlawful conduct.
At the conclusion of the inquiry, the court shall issue an order either approving or disapproving the bail. The court shall not issue an order approving the bail unless it is satisfied that the evidence adduced in the inquiry establishes the reliability of the source of the funds used to post bail or security offered, that the relationship of the obligor or person posting cash bail is sufficient to ensure the defendant's presence in court when required, and that the funds used to post cash bail or secure a bail bond were not acquired as a result of criminal or unlawful conduct.
L.2003,c.213,s.1; amended 2007, c.46, s.2.
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