2016 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 24 - Food And Drugs
Section 24:21-32 - Administrative Inspections And Warrants.
24:21-32 Administrative inspections and warrants.
32.Administrative inspections and warrants. a. Issuance and execution of administrative inspection warrants shall be as follows:
(1)Any judge of a court having jurisdiction in the municipality where the inspection or seizure is to be conducted, may, upon proper oath or affirmation showing probable cause, issue warrants for the purpose of conducting administrative inspections authorized by P.L.1970, c.226 (C.24:21-1 et seq.), as amended and supplemented, or regulations thereunder, and seizures of property appropriate to such inspections. For the purposes of this section, "probable cause" means a valid public interest in the effective enforcement of P.L.1970, c.226, as amended and supplemented, or regulations sufficient to justify administrative inspection of the area, premises, building or conveyance in the circumstances specified in the application for the warrant;
(2)A warrant shall issue only upon an affidavit of an officer or employee duly designated and having knowledge of the facts alleged, sworn to before the judge and establishing the grounds for issuing the warrant. If the judge is satisfied that grounds for the application exist or that there is probable cause to believe they exist, he shall issue a warrant identifying the area, premises, building, or conveyance to be inspected, the purpose of such inspection, and, where appropriate, the type of property to be inspected, if any. The warrant shall identify the item or types of property to be seized, if any. The warrant shall be directed to a person authorized by section 31 of P.L.1970, c.226 (C.24:21-31) to execute it. The warrant shall state the grounds for its issuance and the name of the person or persons whose affidavit has been taken in support thereof. It shall command the person to whom it is directed to inspect the area, premises, building, or conveyance identified for the purpose specified, and where appropriate, shall direct the seizure of the property specified. The warrant shall direct that it be served during normal business hours. It shall designate the judge to whom it shall be returned;
(3)A warrant issued pursuant to this section must be executed and returned within 10 days of its date. If property is seized pursuant to a warrant, the person executing the warrant shall give to the person from whom or from whose premises the property was taken a copy of the warrant and a receipt for the property taken or shall leave the copy and receipt at the place from which the property was taken. The return of the warrant shall be made promptly and shall be accompanied by a written inventory of any property taken. The inventory shall be made in the presence of the person executing the warrant and of the person from whose possession or premises the property was taken, if they are present, or in the presence of at least one credible person other than the person executing the warrant. The clerk of the court, upon request, shall deliver a copy of the inventory to the person from whom or from whose premises the property was taken and to the applicant for the warrant; and
(4)The judge who has issued a warrant under this section shall attach to the warrant a copy of the return and all papers filed in connection therewith and shall cause them to be filed with the court which issued such warrant.
b.The director is authorized to make administrative inspections of controlled premises in accordance with the following provisions:
(1)For the purposes of this article only, "controlled premises" means:
(a)Places where persons registered or exempted from registration requirements under P.L.1970, c.226, as amended and supplemented, are required to keep records, and
(b)Places including factories, warehouses, establishments, and conveyances where persons registered or exempted from registration requirements under P.L.1970, c.226, as amended and supplemented, are permitted to hold, manufacture, compound, process, sell, deliver, or otherwise dispose of any controlled dangerous substance.
(2)When so authorized by an administrative inspection warrant issued pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsection a. of this section, an officer or employee designated by the director upon presenting the warrant and appropriate credentials to the owner, operator, or agent in charge, shall have the right to enter controlled premises for the purpose of conducting an administrative inspection.
(3)When so authorized by an administrative inspection warrant, an officer or employee designated by the director shall have the right:
(a)To inspect and copy records required by P.L.1970, c.226, as amended and supplemented, to be kept;
(b)To inspect, within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner, controlled premises and all pertinent equipment, finished and unfinished material, containers and labeling found therein, and, except as provided in paragraph (5) of subsection b. of this section, all other things therein including records, files, papers, processes, controls, and facilities bearing on violation of P.L.1970, c.226, as amended and supplemented; and
(c)To inventory any stock of any controlled dangerous substance therein and obtain samples of any such substance.
(4)This section shall not be construed to prevent entries and administrative inspections (including seizures of property) without a warrant:
(a)With the consent of the owner, operator or agent in charge of the controlled premises;
(b)In situations presenting imminent danger to health or safety;
(c)In situations involving inspection of conveyances where there is reasonable cause to believe that the mobility of the conveyance makes it impracticable to obtain a warrant;
(d)In any other exceptional or emergency circumstance where time or opportunity to apply for a warrant is lacking; and
(e)In all other situations where a warrant is not constitutionally required.
(5)Except when the owner, operator, or agent in charge of the controlled premises so consents in writing, no inspection authorized by this section shall extend to:
(b)Sales data other than shipment data;
(d)Personnel data; or
L.1970, c.226, s.32; amended 2007, c.244, s.17.
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