2014 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 2A - ADMINISTRATION OF CIVIL AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Section 2A:44A-3 - Lien entitlement for work, services, etc.; terms defined.
2A:44A-3 Lien entitlement for work, services, etc.; terms defined.
3. a. Any contractor, subcontractor or supplier who provides work, services, material or equipment pursuant to a contract, shall be entitled to a lien for the value of the work or services performed, or materials or equipment furnished in accordance with the contract and based upon the contract price, subject to sections 6, 9, and 10 of P.L.1993, c.318 (C.2A:44A-6, 2A:44A-9 and 2A:44A-10). The lien shall attach to the interest of the owner or unit owner of the real property development, or be filed against the community association, in accordance with this section.
b.For purposes of this section:
(1)"interest of the owner of the real property development" includes interest in any residential or nonresidential units not yet sold or transferred and the proportionate undivided interests in the common elements attributable to those units;
(2)"interest of the unit owner" includes the proportionate undivided interests in the common elements of the real property development;
(3)"unit owner" means an owner of an interest in a residential or nonresidential unit who is not a developer of the property and acquires the unit after the master deed or master declaration is recorded, or after the public offering statement is filed with the Department of Community Affairs; and
c.In the case of a condominium, notwithstanding the provisions of the "Condominium Act," P.L.1969, c.257 (C.46:8B-1 et seq.), or in the case of any other real property development with common elements or common areas or facilities, if the contract is:
(1) with the owner of the real property development, then the lien shall attach to the interest of the owner of the real property development;
(2) with the community association, the lien claim shall be filed against the community association but shall not attach to any real property.
In either case, if the work, services, material or equipment are performed or furnished as part of the common elements or facilities of a real property development, the lien shall not attach to the interest of the unit owner.
d.If the work, services, material or equipment are performed or furnished solely within or as part of a residential or nonresidential unit, the lien shall attach only to the interest of the unit owner.
e.If a tenant contracts for improvement of the real property, the lien shall attach to the leasehold estate of the tenant and to the interest in the property of any person who:
(1)has expressly authorized the contract for improvement in writing signed by the person against whom the lien claim is asserted, which writing provides that the person's interest is subject to a lien for this improvement;
(2)has paid, or agreed in writing to pay, the majority of the cost of the improvement; or
(3)is a party to the lease or sublease that created the leasehold interest of the tenant and the lease or sublease provides that the person's interest is subject to a lien for the improvement.
f.An amount of a lien on an interest of a person other than a tenant shall be limited to the amount that person agreed in writing to pay, less payments made by or on behalf of that person in good faith prior to the filing of the lien.
g.If an interest in real property is lawfully conveyed after work, services, material, or equipment are performed or furnished but before a lien attaches, the lien shall attach only to the interest retained by the owner or unit owner or community association, as the case may be, who contracted for the work, services, material or equipment and not to the interest previously conveyed.
h.Nothing in this act shall be construed to limit the right of any claimant from pursuing any other remedy provided by law.
L.1993, c.318, s.3; amended 2010, c.119, s.2.
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