2014 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 24 - FOOD AND DRUGS
Section 24:5A-2 - Definitions
As used in this act:
(a) The term "department" means the New Jersey State Department of Health.
(b) The term "commissioner" means the New Jersey State Commissioner of Health.
(c) The term "person" includes an individual, partnership, corporation or association.
(d) The term "hazardous substance" means:
1. Any substance or mixture of substances which (i) is toxic, (ii) is corrosive, (iii) is an irritant, (iv) is a strong sensitizer, (v) is flammable, or (vi) generates pressure through decomposition, heat, or other means, if such substance or mixture of substances may cause significant personal injury or illness during or as a proximate result of any customary or reasonably foreseeable handling or use, including reasonable foreseeable ingestion by children.
2. Any substances which, by regulation issued after public hearing, are deemed to meet the requirements of subparagraph 1 of this section.
(e) The term "toxic" means any substance which has the capacity to produce personal injury or illness to man through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through any body surface.
(f) The term "highly toxic" means any substance which falls within any of the following categories: (1) produces death within 14 days in half or more than half a group of 10 or more laboratory white rats each weighing between 200 and 300 grams, at a single dose of 50 milligrams or less per kilogram of body weight, when orally administered; or (2) produces death within 14 days in half or more than half a group of 10 or more laboratory white rats each weighing between 200 and 300 grams, when inhaled continuously for a period of 1 hour or less at an atmosphere concentration of 200 parts per million by volume or less of gas or vapor or 2 milligrams per liter by volume or less of mist or dust, provided such concentration is likely to be encountered by man when the substance is used in any reasonably foreseeable manner; or (3) produces death within 14 days in half or more than half of a group of 10 or more rabbits tested in a dosage of 200 milligrams or less per kilogram of body weight, when administered by continuous contact with the bare skin for 24 hours or less; provided, that, if the commissioner finds that available data on human experience with any substance indicate results different from those obtained on animals in the above named dosages or concentrations, the human data shall take precedence.
(g) The term "corrosive" means any substance which in contact with living tissue will cause destruction of tissue by chemical action; but shall not refer to action on inanimate surfaces.
(h) The term "irritant" means any substance not corrosive within the meaning of subparagraph (g) which on immediate, prolonged, or repeated contact with normal living tissue will induce a local inflammatory reaction.
(i) The term "strong sensitizer" means a substance which will cause on normal living tissue through an allergic or photodynamic process a hypersensitivity which becomes evident on reapplication of the same substance.
(j) The term "extremely flammable" shall apply to any substance which has a flash point at or below 20 degrees Fahrenheit as determined by the Tagliabue Open Cup Tester, and the term "flammable" shall apply to any substance which has a flash point of above 20 degrees to and including 80 degrees Fahrenheit, as determined by the Tagliabue Open Cup Tester. The flammability of solids and of the contents of self-pressurized containers may be determined by methods found by the commissioner to be generally applicable to such materials or containers, respectively, and established by regulations issued by him, which regulations shall also define the terms "flammable" and "extremely flammable" in accord with such methods.
(k) The term "label" means a display of written, printed or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any substance; and a requirement made by or under authority of this act that any word, statement, or other information appear on the label shall not be considered to be complied with unless such word, statement or other information also appears (1) on the outside container or wrapper, if any there be, unless it is legible through the outside container or wrapper and (2) on all accompanying literature where there are directions for use, written or otherwise.
( l ) The term "immediate container" does not include package liners.
(m) The term "misbranded package" or "misbranded package of a hazardous substance" means a hazardous substance in a suitable container intended or suitable for household use which, except as otherwise provided by or pursuant to section 5, fails to bear a label (1) which states conspicuously the name and business address of the manufacturer, packer, distributor, or seller; the common or usual name or the chemical name (if there be no common or usual name) of the hazardous substance or of each component which contributes substantially to its hazard, unless the commissioner by regulation permits or requires the use of a recognized generic name; the signal word "DANGER" on substances which are extremely flammable, corrosive, or highly toxic; the signal word "WARNING" or "CAUTION" on all other hazardous substances; an affirmative statement of the principal hazard or hazards, such as "Flammable," "Vapor Harmful," "Causes Burns," "Absorbed Through Skin," or similar wording descriptive of the hazard; precautionary measures describing the action to be followed or avoided, except when modified by regulation of the commissioner pursuant to section 5; instruction, when necessary or appropriate, for first-aid treatment; the word "poison" for any hazardous substance which is defined as "highly toxic" by subsection (f); instructions for handling and storage of packages which require special care in handling or storage and; the statement "Keep out of the reach of children," or its practical equivalent, and,
(2) on which any statements required under subparagraph (1) of this paragraph are located prominently and are in the English language in conspicuous and legible type in contrast by typography, layout, or color with other printed matter on the label.
L.1966, c. 262, s. 2.
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