2013 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 2C - THE NEW JERSEY CODE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Section 2C:35-14.1 - Defendant required to submit to professional diagnostic assessment, exceptions.
2C:35-14.1 Defendant required to submit to professional diagnostic assessment, exceptions.
1. a. Except as provided in subsection c., the court shall require a defendant to submit to a professional diagnostic assessment if:
(1)there is a reasonable basis to believe that the defendant may be a drug dependent person as defined in N.J.S.2C:35-2;
(2)the defendant is charged with:
(a)a crime that is subject to a presumption of imprisonment pursuant to subsection d. of N.J.S.2C:44-1; or
(b)any crime of the third degree if the defendant has previously been convicted of a crime subject to the presumption of imprisonment or that resulted in imposition of a State prison term; and
(3)the defendant is eligible to be considered for a sentence to special probation pursuant to the provisions of N.J.S.2C:35-14.
b.For the purposes of this section, any of the following circumstances shall provide a reasonable basis to believe that a person may be drug dependent:
(1)the present offense involves a controlled dangerous substance;
(2)the defendant has previously been convicted of an offense involving a controlled dangerous substance, was admitted to pretrial intervention or supervisory treatment, or received a conditional discharge for a charge involving a controlled dangerous substance;
(3)the defendant has any other pending charge in this State, any other state, or a federal court involving a controlled dangerous substance;
(4)the defendant has any time previously received any form of drug treatment or counseling;
(5)the defendant appears to have been under the influence of a controlled dangerous substance during the commission of the present offense, or it reasonably appears that the present offense may have been committed to acquire property or monies to purchase a controlled dangerous substance for the defendant's personal use;
(6)the defendant admits to the unlawful use of a controlled dangerous substance within the year preceding the arrest for the present offense;
(7)the defendant has had a positive drug test within the last 12 months; or
(8)there is information, other than the circumstances enumerated in paragraphs (1) through (7) of this subsection, which indicates that the defendant may be a drug dependent person or would otherwise benefit by undergoing a professional diagnostic assessment within the meaning of paragraph (1) of subsection a. of N.J.S.2C:35-14.
c.The court shall not be required to order a diagnostic assessment pursuant to subsection a. of this section if it is clearly convinced that such assessment will not serve any useful purpose. If the court does not order a diagnostic assessment, the court shall place on the record the reasons for its decision.
d.Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or constrain the court's authority and discretion to order drug testing, drug screening, or a professional diagnostic assessment at any time.
L.2012, c.23, s.1.
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