2013 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 26 - HEALTH AND VITAL STATISTICS
Section 26:2M-16 - Findings, declarations relative to Alzheimer's Disease.
26:2M-16 Findings, declarations relative to Alzheimer's Disease.
1.The Legislature finds and declares that:
a.Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, degenerative, and irreversible neurological disease. It is one of a group of dementias referred to as Alzheimer's disease and related disorders that: develops over a period of years; is of undetermined origin; and is characterized by a progressive decline in intellectual or cognitive functioning that begins with gradual short-term memory loss and progresses to include a deterioration in all areas of cognition and executive functioning, such as analytical ability and reasoning, language and communication, perception and judgment, personality, and eventual inability to perform physical functions, including, but not limited to, activities of daily living such as ambulation, dressing, feeding, and bathing;
b.According to the report of the Alzheimer's Association, 2009 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures, it is estimated that 5.3 million persons in the United States currently have Alzheimer's disease. Every 70 seconds someone develops Alzheimer's disease; by mid-century someone will develop Alzheimer's disease every 33 seconds. Men 55 years of age or older now have a one in eight chance of developing Alzheimer's disease; and women 55 years of age or older now have a one in five chance of developing Alzheimer's disease. By 2010, there will be nearly a half million new cases of Alzheimer's disease each year; and by 2050, there will be nearly a million new cases per year, and between 11 and 16 million persons with Alzheimer's disease;
c.Currently in New Jersey, by extrapolation based on age and demographics, the conservative estimate is that there are 150,000 residents with Alzheimer's disease. Because of the progressive deteriorative nature of the disease, it is necessary when considering its impact, to include a minimum of at least one primary caregiver for each person with Alzheimer's disease as also being directly impacted by the disease; accordingly, the current number of New Jersey residents directly impacted by Alzheimer's disease is 350,000;
d.Alzheimer's disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. However, this ranking may be an underestimate due to both the failure to properly diagnose the patient's condition and the failure for the disease to be noted on the death certificate as the primary contributing factor to death;
e.Since a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease cannot be determined definitively until an autopsy is performed, the disease is determined through a process of differential diagnosis that includes a comprehensive medical history and a physical examination and assessment, including blood testing, brain scans such as computerized axial tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and psychological and neurological testing;
f.Alzheimer's disease generally progresses over time in a gradual and insidious manner. Typically, persons with dementia (PWD) can live from eight to 10 years after receiving their diagnosis, but depending on the overall health status, some individuals live up to 20 years after receiving their diagnosis;
g.During this time, PWD and their families need continuous support, education, and assistance to help them identify and access proper care and support services. These specialized services can be difficult to find and very expensive, especially when the length of time the services are needed is taken into consideration. As the needs of the PWD intensify with the disease progression, there is a direct correlation to the associated burden and expense for the PWD and the person's family caregivers. Family caregivers become overwhelmed and emotionally and physically taxed by the heavy demands associated with providing care 24 hours per day, seven days per week for their family member with Alzheimer's disease. Caregiver stress and associated health decline become of paramount consideration;
h.Frequently, family caregivers develop chronic and life impacting illnesses; older spouses may frequently pre-decease the PWD for whom they are caring. And, if caregivers are working outside the home, they may have difficulty managing family life and work responsibilities, and may lose time from work or become unable to perform their responsibilities at the level they were once able to, which can result in employment termination and loss of family income;
i.The direct and indirect costs of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias amount to more than $148 billion annually. In 2004, total per-person payments from all sources for health and long-term care were three times higher for Medicare beneficiaries 65 years of age or older with Alzheimer's disease than for other Medicare beneficiaries in this age group; and
j.It is in the public interest for the State to establish a commission, similar to the one which was established under P.L.1983, c.352 but which has since expired, to study the current issues in the State associated with Alzheimer's disease in order to help raise awareness about one of this country's most significant health epidemics, to facilitate the continued development of integrated and responsive community-based services, and ease the burden of the disease on persons with Alzheimer's disease and their family members and caregivers through expanded support.
L.2011, c.76, s.1.
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