2013 New Jersey Revised Statutes
Title 26 - HEALTH AND VITAL STATISTICS
Section 26:2H-131 - Definitions relative to POLST form.
26:2H-131 Definitions relative to POLST form.
3.As used in sections 1 through 12 of this act:
"Advance directive" means an advance directive for health care as defined in section 3 of P.L.1991, c.201 (C.26:2H-55).
"Advanced practice nurse" or "APN" means a person who is certified as an advanced practice nurse pursuant to P.L.1991, c.377 (C.45:11-45 et seq.).
"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Health.
"Decision-making capacity" means a patient's ability to understand and appreciate the nature and consequences of a particular health care decision, including the benefits and risks of that decision, and alternatives to any proposed health care, and to reach an informed decision.
"Department" means the Department of Health.
"Emergency care" means the use of resuscitative measures and other immediate treatment provided in response to a sudden, acute, and unanticipated medical crisis in order to avoid injury, impairment, or death.
"Emergency care provider" means an emergency medical technician, paramedic, or member of a first aid, ambulance, or rescue squad.
"Health care decision" means a decision to accept, withdraw, or refuse a treatment, service, or procedure used to diagnose, treat, or care for a person's physical or mental condition, including life-sustaining treatment.
"Health care institution" means a health care facility licensed pursuant to P.L.1971, c.136 (C.26:2H-1 et seq.), a psychiatric facility as defined in section 2 of P.L.1987, c.116 (C.30:4-27.2), or a State developmental center listed in R.S.30:1-7.
"Health care professional" means a health care professional who is licensed or otherwise authorized to practice a health care profession pursuant to Title 45 or 52 of the Revised Statutes and is currently engaged in that practice.
"Life-sustaining treatment" means the use of any medical device or procedure, artificially provided fluids and nutrition, drugs, surgery, or therapy that uses mechanical or other artificial means to sustain, restore, or supplant a vital bodily function, and thereby increase the expected life span of a patient.
"Patient" means a person who is under the care of a physician or APN.
"Patient's representative" means an individual who is designated by a patient or otherwise authorized under law to make health care decisions on the patient's behalf if the patient lacks decision-making capacity.
"Physician" means a person who is licensed to practice medicine and surgery pursuant to chapter 9 of Title 45 of the Revised Statutes.
"Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment form" or "POLST form" means a standardized printed document that is uniquely identifiable and has a uniform color, which:
a.is recommended for use on a voluntary basis by patients who have advanced chronic progressive illness or a life expectancy of less than five years, or who otherwise wish to further define their preferences for health care;
b.does not qualify as an advance directive;
c.is not valid unless it meets the requirements for a completed POLST form as set forth in this act;
d.provides a means by which to indicate whether the patient has made an anatomical gift pursuant to P.L.2008, c.50 (C.26:6-77 et al.);
e.is intended to provide direction to emergency care personnel regarding the use of emergency care, and to a health care professional regarding the use of life-sustaining treatment, with respect to the patient, by indicating the patient's preference concerning the use of specified interventions and the intensity of treatment for each intervention;
f.is intended to accompany the patient, and to be honored by all personnel attending the patient, across the full range of possible health care settings, including the patient's home, a health care institution, or otherwise at the scene of a medical emergency; and
g.may be modified or revoked at any time by a patient with decision-making capacity or the patient's representative in accordance with the provisions of section 7 of this act.
"Resuscitative measures" means cardiopulmonary resuscitation provided in the event that a patient suffers a cardiac or respiratory arrest.
L.2011, c.145, s.3; amended 2012, c.17, s.255.
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