2009 New Jersey Code
Section 2C:5
2C:5-1 - Criminal attempt

2C:5-1.  Criminal attempt
      a.  Definition of attempt.    A person is guilty of an attempt to commit a  crime if, acting with the kind of culpability otherwise required for commission  of the crime, he:

    (1) Purposely engages in conduct which would constitute the crime if the attendant circumstances were as a reasonable person would believe them to be;

    (2) When causing a particular result is an element of the crime, does or omits to do anything with the purpose of causing such result without further conduct on his part;  or

    (3) Purposely does or omits to do anything which, under the circumstances as  a reasonable person would believe them to be, is an act or omission constituting a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to culminate in his commission of the crime.

      b.  Conduct which may be held substantial step under subsection a. (3). Conduct shall not be held to constitute a substantial step under subsection a. (3) of this section unless it is strongly corroborative of the actor's criminal  purpose.

      c.  Conduct designed to aid another in commission of a crime.    A person  who engages in conduct designed to aid another to commit a crime which would  establish his complicity under section 2C:2-6 if the crime were committed by  such other person, is guilty of an attempt to commit the crime, although the  crime is not committed or attempted by such other person.

      d.  Renunciation of criminal purpose.    When the actor's conduct would otherwise constitute an attempt under subsection a. (2) or (3) of this section,  it is an affirmative defense which he must prove by a preponderance of the  evidence that he abandoned his effort to commit the crime or otherwise prevented its commission, under circumstances manifesting a complete and voluntary renunciation of his criminal purpose. The establishment of such defense does not, however, affect the liability of an accomplice who did not join in such abandonment or prevention.

    Within the meaning of this chapter, renunciation of criminal purpose is not  voluntary if it is motivated, in whole or in part, by circumstances, not present or apparent at the inception of the actor's course of conduct, which increase the probability of detection or apprehension or which make more difficult the accomplishment of the criminal purpose.  Renunciation is not complete if it is motivated by a decision to postpone the criminal conduct until a more advantageous time or to transfer the criminal effort to another but similar objective or victim.  Renunciation is also not complete if mere abandonment is insufficient to accomplish avoidance of the offense in which case the defendant must have taken further and affirmative steps that prevented  the commission thereof.

     L.1978, c. 95, s. 2C:5-1, eff. Sept. 1, 1979.

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