2015 Nevada Revised Statutes
Chapter 116 - Common-Interest Ownership (Uniform Act)
NRS 116.310312 - Power of executive board to enter grounds of unit to conduct certain maintenance or remove or abate public nuisance; notice of security interest and hearing required; imposition of fines and costs; lien against unit; limitation on liability.
1. A person who holds a security interest in a unit must provide the association with the person’s contact information as soon as reasonably practicable, but not later than 30 days after the person:
(a) Files an action for recovery of a debt or enforcement of any right secured by the unit pursuant to NRS 40.430; or
(b) Records or has recorded on his or her behalf a notice of a breach of obligation secured by the unit and the election to sell or have the unit sold pursuant to NRS 107.080.
2. If an action or notice described in subsection 1 has been filed or recorded regarding a unit and the association has provided the unit’s owner with notice and an opportunity for a hearing in the manner provided in NRS 116.31031, the association, including its employees, agents and community manager, may, but is not required to, enter the grounds of the unit, whether or not the unit is vacant, to take any of the following actions if the unit’s owner refuses or fails to take any action or comply with any requirement imposed on the unit’s owner within the time specified by the association as a result of the hearing:
(a) Maintain the exterior of the unit in accordance with the standards set forth in the governing documents, including, without limitation, any provisions governing maintenance, standing water or snow removal.
(b) Remove or abate a public nuisance on the exterior of the unit which:
(1) Is visible from any common area of the community or public streets;
(2) Threatens the health or safety of the residents of the common-interest community;
(3) Results in blighting or deterioration of the unit or surrounding area; and
(4) Adversely affects the use and enjoyment of nearby units.
3. If a unit is vacant and the association has provided the unit’s owner with notice and an opportunity for a hearing in the manner provided in NRS 116.31031, the association, including its employees, agents and community manager, may enter the grounds of the unit to maintain the exterior of the unit or abate a public nuisance as described in subsection 2 if the unit’s owner refuses or fails to do so.
4. The association may order that the costs of any maintenance or abatement conducted pursuant to subsection 2 or 3, including, without limitation, reasonable inspection fees, notification and collection costs and interest, be charged against the unit. The association shall keep a record of such costs and interest charged against the unit and has a lien on the unit for any unpaid amount of the charges. The lien may be foreclosed under NRS 116.31162 to 116.31168, inclusive.
5. A lien described in subsection 4 bears interest from the date that the charges become due at a rate determined pursuant to NRS 17.130 until the charges, including all interest due, are paid.
6. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a lien described in subsection 4 is prior and superior to all liens, claims, encumbrances and titles other than the liens described in paragraphs (a) and (c) of subsection 2 of NRS 116.3116. If the federal regulations of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation or the Federal National Mortgage Association require a shorter period of priority for the lien, the period during which the lien is prior and superior to other security interests shall be determined in accordance with those federal regulations. Notwithstanding the federal regulations, the period of priority of the lien must not be less than the 6 months immediately preceding the institution of an action to enforce the lien.
7. A person who purchases or acquires a unit at a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 or a trustee’s sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 is bound by the governing documents of the association and shall maintain the exterior of the unit in accordance with the governing documents of the association. Such a unit may only be removed from a common-interest community in accordance with the governing documents pursuant to this chapter.
8. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an association, its directors or members of the executive board, employees, agents or community manager who enter the grounds of a unit pursuant to this section are not liable for trespass.
9. As used in this section:
(a) “Exterior of the unit” includes, without limitation, all landscaping outside of a unit and the exterior of all property exclusively owned by the unit owner.
(b) “Vacant” means a unit:
(1) Which reasonably appears to be unoccupied;
(2) On which the owner has failed to maintain the exterior to the standards set forth in the governing documents the association; and
(3) On which the owner has failed to pay assessments for more than 60 days.
(Added to NRS by 2009, 1007)
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