2017 Nebraska Revised Statutes
Chapter 28 - CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS
28-618 Financial transactions; terms, defined.
Financial transactions; terms, defined.
For purposes of sections 28-618 to 28-630:
(1) Account holder shall mean the person or business entity named on the face of a financial transaction device for whose benefit the financial transaction device is issued by an issuer;
(2) Acquirer shall mean any business organization, financial institution, or agent of such organization or institution which authorizes a merchant to accept payment by financial transaction device for money, property, services, or anything else of value;
(3) Automated banking device shall mean any machine which, when properly activated by a financial transaction device or a personal identification code, may be used for any purpose for which a financial transaction device is issued;
(4) Counterfeit financial transaction device shall mean any financial transaction device which is fictitious, altered, forged, stolen, obtained as part of a scheme to defraud, or otherwise unlawfully obtained and which may or may not be embossed with account information or a company logo or any facsimile, false representation, depiction, or component of a financial transaction device;
(5) Embossing shall mean any process in which account numbers are placed on financial transaction devices that results in the number being raised from the surface of the device;
(6) Expired financial transaction device shall mean a financial transaction device which is no longer valid because the term shown on it has elapsed;
(7) Financial transaction device shall mean any instrument or device whether known as a credit card, credit plate, bank service card, banking card, check guarantee card, debit card, electronic funds transfer card, or account number representing a financial account. Such device shall affect the financial interest, standing, or obligation of the financial account for services or financial payments for money, credit, property, or services;
(8) Financial-transaction-device-making equipment shall mean any equipment, impression, machine, mechanism, plate, or other device designed, used, or capable of being used to produce a financial transaction device, a counterfeit financial transaction device, or any aspect or component of a financial transaction device;
(9) Holographic shall mean a photographic method that uses laser light to produce three-dimensional images;
(10) Intent to defraud shall mean an unlawful attempt to secure money, credit, property, or services from an issuer, without permission of the account holder, for the benefit of any person other than the account holder;
(11) Issuer shall mean any person or any financial or business entity that acquires financial rights by issuing, canceling, controlling, or distributing a financial transaction device;
(12) Magnetic encoding shall mean any electronically encoded account holder information which is placed on a magnetic strip on the financial transaction device and is capable of being read by an electronic terminal such as an automatic teller machine or an electronic terminal at a merchant location also known as a point-of-sale terminal;
(13) Personal identification code shall mean any grouping of letters, numbers, or symbols assigned to the account holder of a financial transaction device by the issuer to permit authorized electronic access of that account;
(14) Receives or receiving shall mean acquiring possession or control of or accepting as security for a loan a financial transaction device;
(15) Revoked financial transaction device shall mean a financial transaction device which is no longer valid because permission to use it has been suspended or terminated by the issuer;
(16) Sales form shall mean any written, electronic, magnetic, or printed record of a financial transaction involving use of a financial transaction device;
(17) Sales form processing services shall mean services provided to enable a person to obtain payment or credit for sales forms;
(18) Sales form processor shall mean any bank, financial institution, or other entity which with authority from a bona fide association of issuers provides sales form processing services;
(19) Service mark shall mean a word, name, symbol, or other device or any combination thereof to identify the goods or services of the entity from the goods and services of another entity;
(20) To falsely alter a financial transaction device shall mean to change such device without the authority of anyone entitled to grant such authority, whether in complete or incomplete form, by means of erasure, obliteration, deletion, insertion of new matter, transposition of matter, or any other means, so that such device in its altered form falsely appears or purports to be in all respects an authentic creation of or fully authorized by its ostensible issuer;
(21) To falsely complete a financial transaction device shall mean to transform an incomplete device into a complete one by adding, inserting, or changing matter without the authority of anyone entitled to grant such authority, so that the complete device falsely appears or purports to be in all respects an authentic creation of or fully authorized by its ostensible issuer;
(22) To falsely make a financial transaction device shall mean to make or manufacture a device, whether complete or incomplete, which purports to be an authentic creation of its ostensible issuer but which is fictitious or, if real, the ostensible issuer did not authorize the making or the manufacturing thereof; and
(23) Traffic shall mean to distribute, dispense, sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of property or to buy, receive, possess, obtain control of, or use property with the intent to dispense, distribute, sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of such property.
- Laws 1989, LB 372, § 2;
- Laws 1993, LB 81, § 55.
By the plain language of subsection (7) of this section, the Legislature intended to include both tangible items such as credit cards and the account numbers reflected on such cards within the definition of a financial transaction device. As defined in subsection (7) of this section, a "financial transaction device" must be something which is capable of being used to execute a transaction in a financial account. State v. Rhea, 262 Neb. 886, 636 N.W.2d 364 (2001).