2021 Montana Code Annotated
Title 33. Insurance and Insurance Companies
Chapter 20. Life Insurance
Part 11. Groups and Group Requirements
33-20-1103. Employer and labor union combinations -- trustee groups

Universal Citation: MT Code § 33-20-1103 (2021)

33-20-1103. Employer and labor union combinations -- trustee groups. The lives of a group of individuals may be insured under a policy issued to the trustees of a fund established by two or more employers or by one or more labor unions or by one or more employers and one or more labor unions, which trustees must be considered the policyholder, to insure employees of the employers or members of the unions for the benefit of persons other than the employers or the unions, subject to the following requirements:

(1) The persons eligible for insurance must be all of the employees of the employers or all of the members of the unions or all of any class or classes of the employees or members determined by conditions pertaining to their employment or to membership in the unions, or to both. The policy may provide that the term "employees" includes retired employees and the individual proprietor or partners if an employer is an individual proprietor or a partnership. A director of a corporate employer may not be eligible for insurance under the policy unless the person is otherwise eligible as a bona fide employee of the corporation by performing services other than usual duties of a director. An individual proprietor or partner may not be eligible for insurance under the policy unless the proprietor or partner is actively engaged in and devotes a substantial part of the individual's time to the conduct of the business of the proprietor or partnership. The policy may provide that the term "employees" includes the trustees or their employees, or both, if their duties are principally connected with the trusteeship.

(2) The premium for the policy must be paid by the trustees wholly from funds contributed by the employer or employers of the insured persons or by the union or unions, or by both, or partly from the funds and partly from funds contributed by the insured persons. A policy may not be issued on which the entire premium is to be derived from funds contributed by the insured persons specifically for their insurance. A policy on which part of the premium is to be derived from funds contributed by the insured persons specifically for their insurance may be placed in force only if at least 75% of the then eligible persons, excluding any as to whom evidence of individual insurability is not satisfactory to the insurer, elect to make the required contributions. A policy on which no part of the premium is to be derived from funds contributed by the insured persons specifically for their insurance must insure all eligible persons or all except any person for whom evidence of individual insurability is not satisfactory to the insurer.

(3) The policy must cover at date of issue at least 100 persons and not less than an average of 5 persons per employer unit, and if the fund is established by the members of an association of employers the policy may be issued if:

(a) either:

(i) the participating employers constitute at date of issue at least 60% of those employer members whose employees are not already covered for group life insurance; or

(ii) the total number of persons covered at date of issue exceeds 600; and

(b) the policy does not require that, if a participating employer discontinues membership in the association, the insurance of the employer's employees shall cease solely by reason of the discontinuance.

(4) The amounts of insurance under the policy must be based upon some plan precluding individual selection either by the insured persons or by the policyholder, employers, or unions.

History: En. Sec. 331, Ch. 286, L. 1959; R.C.M. 1947, 40-3904; amd. Sec. 1213, Ch. 56, L. 2009.

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