2017 Missouri Revised Statutes
Title XXXVI STATUTORY ACTIONS AND TORTS
Chapter 523 Condemnation Proceedings
Section 523.010 Lands may be condemned, when — petition — parties — power of public utility to condemn certain lands, limitation.
Effective 28 Aug 2012
Title XXXVI STATUTORY ACTIONS AND TORTSChapter 523
523.010. Lands may be condemned, when — petition — parties — power of public utility to condemn certain lands, limitation. — 1. In case land, or other property, is sought to be appropriated by any road, railroad, street railway, telephone, telegraph or any electrical corporation organized for the manufacture or transmission of electric current for light, heat or power, including the construction, when that is the case, of necessary dams and appurtenant canals, flumes, tunnels and tailraces and including the erection, when that is the case, of necessary electric steam powerhouses, hydroelectric powerhouses and electric substations or any oil, pipeline or gas corporation engaged in the business of transporting or carrying oil, liquid fertilizer solutions, or gas by means of pipes or pipelines laid underneath the surface of the ground, or other corporation created under the laws of this state for public use, and such corporation and the owners cannot agree upon the proper compensation to be paid, or in the case the owner is incapable of contracting, be unknown, or be a nonresident of the state, such corporation may apply to the circuit court of the county of this state where such land or any part thereof lies by petition setting forth the general directions in which it is desired to construct its road, railroad, street railway, telephone, or telegraph line or electric line, including, when that is the case, the construction and maintenance of necessary dams and appurtenant canals, tunnels, flumes and tailraces and, when that is the case, the appropriation of land submerged by the construction of such dam, and including the erection and maintenance, when that is the case, of necessary electric steam powerhouses, hydroelectric powerhouses and electric substations, or oil, pipeline, liquid fertilizer solution pipeline, or gas line over or underneath the surface of such lands, a description of the real estate, or other property, which the company seeks to acquire; the names of the owners thereof, if known; or if unknown, a pertinent description of the property whose owners are unknown and praying the appointment of three disinterested residents of the county, as commissioners, or a jury, to assess the damages which such owners may severally sustain in consequence of the establishment, erection and maintenance of such road, railroad, street railway, telephone, telegraph line, or electrical line including damages from the construction and maintenance of necessary dams and the condemnation of land submerged thereby, and the construction and maintenance of appurtenant canals, flumes, tunnels and tailraces and the erection and maintenance of necessary electric steam powerhouses, hydroelectric powerhouses and electric substations, or oil, pipeline, or gas line over or underneath the surface of such lands; to which petition the owners of any or all as the plaintiff may elect of such parcels as lie within the county or circuit may be made parties defendant by names if the names are known, and by the description of the unknown owners of the land therein described if their names are unknown.
2. If the proceedings seek to affect the lands of persons under conservatorship, the conservators must be made parties defendant. If the present owner of any land to be affected has less estate than a fee, the person having the next vested estate in remainder may at the option of the petitioners be made party defendant; but if such remaindermen are not made parties, their interest shall not be bound by the proceedings.
3. It shall not be necessary to make any persons party defendants in respect to their ownership unless they are either in actual possession of the premises to be affected claiming title or having a title of the premises appearing of record upon the proper records of the county.
4. Except as provided in subsection 5 of this section, nothing in this chapter shall be construed to give a public utility, as defined in section 386.020, or a rural electric cooperative, as provided in chapter 394, the power to condemn property which is currently used by another provider of public utility service, including a municipality or a special purpose district, when such property is used or useful in providing utility services, if the public utility or cooperative seeking to condemn such property, directly or indirectly, will use or proposes to use the property for the same purpose, or a purpose substantially similar to the purpose for which the property is being used by the provider of the public utility service.
5. A public utility or a rural electric cooperative may only condemn the property of another provider of public utility service, even if the property is used or useful in providing utility services by such provider, if the condemnation is necessary for the public purpose of acquiring a nonexclusive easement or right-of-way across the property of such provider and only if the acquisition will not materially impair or interfere with the current use of such property by the utility or cooperative and will not prevent or materially impair such provider of public utility service from any future expansion of its facilities on such property.
6. If a public utility or rural electric cooperative seeks to condemn the property of another provider of public utility service, and the conditions in subsection 4 of this section do not apply, this section does not limit the condemnation powers otherwise possessed by such public utility or rural electric cooperative.
7. Suits in inverse condemnation or involving dangerous conditions of public property against a municipal corporation established under Article VI, Section 30(a) of the Missouri Constitution shall be brought only in the county where such land or any part thereof lies.
(RSMo 1939 § 1504, A.L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1983 S.B. 44 & 45 merged with S.B. 144, A.L. 1990 H.B. 1070, A.L. 1994 S.B. 709, A.L. 2012 S.B. 628 merged with S.B. 636)
Prior revisions: 1929 § 1430; 1919 § 1791; 1909 § 2360
(1971) Petition of electric company seeking to condemn easement for transmission line held fatally defective for failure to join owner of fee as defendant even though lessee of property was made party defendant and easement sought was only for period of unexpired term of lease. Union Electric Company v. Slay Bulk Terminals, Inc. (A.), 475 S.W.2d 136.
(1972) Condemnation properly denied where evidence was insufficient to show Commission and owner could not agree upon compensation since purported written offer contained language “We are now in a position to make an offer,” “Subject to the approval of the State Highway Commission, our offer is. . . .” State ex rel. State Highway Commission v. Pinkley (A.), 474 S.W.2d 46.
(1976) Held, in inverse condemnation suit venue is in county where all or part of land is located and not where principal office of highway commission is located. State ex rel. State Highway Commission v. Swink (Mo.), 537 S.W.2d 556.
(1981) Power of eminent domain includes right to survey in anticipation of and preparation for condemnation. State ex. rel. Rhodes v. Crouch (Mo.), 621 S.W.2d 47.
(1989) To satisfy the requirements of this section, the condemnors' evidence must show that a valid offer was made and rejected. (Mo.App.) Mo. Hwy. & Transp. Com'n v. Pinnell, 774 S.W.2d 528.