2005 Missouri Revised Statutes - § 570.030. — Stealing--penalties.

570.030. 1. A person commits the crime of stealing if he or she appropriates property or services of another with the purpose to deprive him or her thereof, either without his or her consent or by means of deceit or coercion.

2. Evidence of the following is admissible in any criminal prosecution pursuant to this section on the issue of the requisite knowledge or belief of the alleged stealer:

(1) That he or she failed or refused to pay for property or services of a hotel, restaurant, inn or boardinghouse;

(2) That he or she gave in payment for property or services of a hotel, restaurant, inn or boardinghouse a check or negotiable paper on which payment was refused;

(3) That he or she left the hotel, restaurant, inn or boardinghouse with the intent to not pay for property or services;

(4) That he or she surreptitiously removed or attempted to remove his or her baggage from a hotel, inn or boardinghouse;

(5) That he or she, with intent to cheat or defraud a retailer, possesses, uses, utters, transfers, makes, alters, counterfeits, or reproduces a retail sales receipt, price tag, or universal price code label, or possesses with intent to cheat or defraud, the device that manufactures fraudulent receipts or universal price code labels.

3. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any offense in which the value of property or services is an element is a class C felony if:

(1) The value of the property or services appropriated is five hundred dollars or more but less than twenty-five thousand dollars; or

(2) The actor physically takes the property appropriated from the person of the victim; or

(3) The property appropriated consists of:

(a) Any motor vehicle, watercraft or aircraft; or

(b) Any will or unrecorded deed affecting real property; or

(c) Any credit card or letter of credit; or

(d) Any firearms; or

(e) A United States national flag designed, intended and used for display on buildings or stationary flagstaffs in the open; or

(f) Any original copy of an act, bill or resolution, introduced or acted upon by the legislature of the state of Missouri; or

(g) Any pleading, notice, judgment or any other record or entry of any court of this state, any other state or of the United States; or

(h) Any book of registration or list of voters required by chapter 115, RSMo; or

(i) Any animal of the species of horse, mule, ass, cattle, swine, sheep, or goat; or

(j) Live fish raised for commercial sale with a value of seventy-five dollars; or

(k) Any controlled substance as defined by section 195.010, RSMo; or

(l) Anhydrous ammonia;

(m) Ammonium nitrate; or

(n) Any document of historical significance which has fair market value of five hundred dollars or more.

4. If an actor appropriates any material with a value less than five hundred dollars in violation of this section with the intent to use such material to manufacture, compound, produce, prepare, test or analyze amphetamine or methamphetamine or any of their analogues, then such violation is a class C felony. The theft of any amount of anhydrous ammonia or liquid nitrogen, or any attempt to steal any amount of anhydrous ammonia or liquid nitrogen, is a class B felony. The theft of any amount of anhydrous ammonia by appropriation of a tank truck, tank trailer, rail tank car, bulk storage tank, field (nurse) tank or field applicator is a class A felony.

5. The theft of any item of property or services pursuant to subsection 3 of this section which exceeds five hundred dollars may be considered a separate felony and may be charged in separate counts.

6. Any person with a prior conviction of paragraph (i) of subdivision (3) of subsection 3 of this section and who violates the provisions of paragraph (i) of subdivision (3) of subsection 3 of this section when the value of the animal or animals stolen exceeds three thousand dollars is guilty of a class B felony.

7. Any offense in which the value of property or services is an element is a class B felony if the value of the property or services equals or exceeds twenty-five thousand dollars.

8. Any violation of this section for which no other penalty is specified in this section is a class A misdemeanor.

(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 1981 S.B. 202, A.L. 1985 H.B. 333 & 64, A.L. 1996 S.B. 657, A.L. 1997 H.B. 635, A.L. 1998 H.B. 1147, et al., A.L. 2001 H.B. 471 merged with S.B. 89 & 37, A.L. 2002 H.B. 1888 merged with S.B. 712, A.L. 2003 S.B. 5, A.L. 2004 S.B. 1211, A.L. 2005 H.B. 353)

CROSS REFERENCE: Child support, retention of erroneously paid support to be crime of stealing, when, RSMo 454.531

(1984) Conviction for "stealing by deceit" requires proof that the victim relied on the defendant's false pretense or representation; no reliance is shown when store employees are fully aware of acts later sought to be made the basis of a false pretense. State v. Young (Mo.App.), 672 S.W.2d 366.

(1984) One can be found guilty of stealing property to which he has legal title. State v. Smith (Mo.App.), 684 S.W.2d 576.

(1984) Owner of the stolen property need not be experienced in valuating property to express an opinion of its value. The owner's opinion of the value of the stolen property may be considered substantial evidence of its worth. State v. Reilly (Mo. banc), 674 S.W.2d 530.

(1986) This section does not apply where a debtor uses false information to get an extension on an outstanding debt. State v. Grainger, 721 S.W.2d 237 (Mo.App.).

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