2005 Missouri Revised Statutes - § 538.205. — Definitions.

538.205. As used in sections 538.205 to 538.230, the following terms shall mean:

(1) "Economic damages", damages arising from pecuniary harm including, without limitation, medical damages, and those damages arising from lost wages and lost earning capacity;

(2) "Equitable share", the share of a person or entity in an obligation that is the same percentage of the total obligation as the person's or entity's allocated share of the total fault, as found by the trier of fact;

(3) "Future damages", damages that the trier of fact finds will accrue after the damages findings are made;

(4) "Health care provider", any physician, hospital, health maintenance organization, ambulatory surgical center, long-term care facility including those licensed under chapter 198, RSMo, dentist, registered or licensed practical nurse, optometrist, podiatrist, pharmacist, chiropractor, professional physical therapist, psychologist, physician-in-training, and any other person or entity that provides health care services under the authority of a license or certificate;

(5) "Health care services", any services that a health care provider renders to a patient in the ordinary course of the health care provider's profession or, if the health care provider is an institution, in the ordinary course of furthering the purposes for which the institution is organized. Professional services shall include, but are not limited to, transfer to a patient of goods or services incidental or pursuant to the practice of the health care provider's profession or in furtherance of the purposes for which an institutional health care provider is organized;

(6) "Medical damages", damages arising from reasonable expenses for necessary drugs, therapy, and medical, surgical, nursing, x-ray, dental, custodial and other health and rehabilitative services;

(7) "Noneconomic damages", damages arising from nonpecuniary harm including, without limitation, pain, suffering, mental anguish, inconvenience, physical impairment, disfigurement, loss of capacity to enjoy life, and loss of consortium but shall not include punitive damages;

(8) "Past damages", damages that have accrued when the damages findings are made;

(9) "Physician employee", any person or entity who works for hospitals for a salary or under contract and who is covered by a policy of insurance or self-insurance by a hospital for acts performed at the direction or under control of the hospital;

(10) "Punitive damages", damages intended to punish or deter willful, wanton or malicious misconduct, including exemplary damages and damages for aggravating circumstances;

(11) "Self-insurance", a formal or informal plan of self-insurance or no insurance of any kind.

(L. 1986 S.B. 663 4, A.L. 1997 H.B. 335, A.L. 2005 H.B. 393)

CROSS REFERENCE: Applicability of statute changes to cases filed after August 28, 2005, RSMo 538.305

(1994) United States fits within the definition of health care provider for purposes of statute as entity that provides health care services under the authority of a license. License is Congressional legislation which authorizes the operation of Veterans Administration hospitals. Romero v. United States, 865 F.Supp. 585 (E.D. Mo.).

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