2013 Mississippi Code
Title 83 - INSURANCE
Chapter 39 - BAIL BONDS AND BONDSMEN
§ 83-39-1 - Definitions


MS Code § 83-39-1 (2013) What's This?

The following terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings:

(a) "Department" means the Department of Insurance.

(b) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Insurance.

(c) "Insurer" means any domestic or foreign insurance corporation or association engaged in the business of insurance or suretyship which has qualified to transact surety or casualty business in this state.

(d) "Professional bail agent" means any individual who shall furnish bail, acting as a licensed personal surety agent or as a licensed limited surety agent representing an insurer as defined by this chapter. The above definition shall not include, and this chapter does not apply to, any individual who is not licensed under this chapter who acts as personal surety in instances where there is no compensation charged or received for such service.

(e) "Soliciting bail agent" means any person who, as an agent or employee of a professional bail agent, or as an independent contractor, for compensation or otherwise, shall solicit, advertise or actively seek bail bond business for or on behalf of a professional bail agent and who assists the professional bail agent in presenting the defendant in court when required or assists in the apprehension and surrender of the defendant to the court or keeps the defendant under necessary surveillance.

(f) "Bail enforcement agent" means a person who assists the professional bail agent in presenting the defendant in court when required, or who assists in the apprehension and surrender of the defendant to the court or who keeps the defendant under necessary surveillance. Nothing herein shall affect the right of professional bail agents to have counsel or to ask assistance of law enforcement officers.

(g) "Limited surety agent" means any individual who is appointed by an insurer by power of attorney to execute or countersign bail bonds in connection with judicial proceedings, and who is duly licensed by the commissioner to represent such insurer for the restricted lines of bail, fidelity and surety, after successfully completing a limited examination by the department for the restricted lines of business.

(h) "Personal surety agent" means any individual who, having posted the necessary qualification bond with the commissioner as required by Section 83-39-7, and duly licensed by the commissioner, may execute and sign bail bonds in connection with judicial proceedings. All new personal surety agents licensed after July 1, 1994, shall complete successfully a limited examination by the department for the restricted lines of business.

(i) "Surety" means the insurer or the personal surety agent guaranteeing the bail bond and for the purpose of process does not mean the agent of such insurer or personal surety agent.

(j) "Bail" means the use of money, property or other security to cause the release of a defendant from custody and secure the appearance of a defendant in criminal court proceedings, or the monitoring or supervision of defendants who are released from custody on recognizance, parole or probation, except when such monitoring or supervision is conducted after conviction, sentencing or other adjudication and solely by public employees.

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