2018 Massachusetts General Laws
Section 20 Action without meeting

Universal Citation: MA Gen L ch 170 § 20 (2018)

Section 20. Subsection (a) to (d), inclusive, shall apply to meetings of the board and its committees for both a co-operative bank in mutual form or in stock form.

(a) Unless the articles of organization or bylaws provide that action, required or permitted by this chapter or another general law, shall be taken by the directors only at a meeting, the action may be taken without a meeting if the action is taken by the unanimous consent of the members of the board of directors. The action shall be evidenced by 1 or more consents describing the action taken, in writing, signed by each director, or delivered to the corporation by electronic transmission, to the address specified by the corporation for the purpose or, if no address has been specified, to the principal office of the corporation, addressed to the secretary or other officer or agent having custody of the records of proceedings of directors and included in the minutes or filed with the corporate records reflecting the action taken.

(b) Action taken under this section is effective when the last director signs or delivers the consent, unless the consent specifies a different effective date.

(c) A consent signed or delivered under this section has the effect of a meeting vote and may be described as such in any document.

(d) This section shall also apply to committees of the board and the members of the board.

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