2023 Maryland Statutes
Criminal Law
Title 2 - Homicide
Subtitle 2 - Murder and Manslaughter
Section 2-201 - Murder in the First Degree

    (a)    A murder is in the first degree if it is:

        (1)    a deliberate, premeditated, and willful killing;

        (2)    committed by lying in wait;

        (3)    committed by poison; or

        (4)    committed in the perpetration of or an attempt to perpetrate:

            (i)    arson in the first degree;

            (ii)    burning a barn, stable, tobacco house, warehouse, or other outbuilding that:

                1.    is not parcel to a dwelling; and

                2.    contains cattle, goods, wares, merchandise, horses, grain, hay, or tobacco;

            (iii)    burglary in the first, second, or third degree;

            (iv)    carjacking or armed carjacking;

            (v)    escape in the first degree from a State correctional facility or a local correctional facility;

            (vi)    kidnapping under § 3–502 or § 3–503(a)(2) of this article;

            (vii)    mayhem;

            (viii)    rape;

            (ix)    robbery under § 3–402 or § 3–403 of this article;

            (x)    sexual offense in the first or second degree;

            (xi)    sodomy as that crime existed before October 1, 2020; or

            (xii)    a violation of § 4–503 of this article concerning destructive devices.

    (b)    (1)    A person who commits a murder in the first degree is guilty of a felony and on conviction shall be sentenced to:

            (i)    imprisonment for life without the possibility of parole; or

            (ii)    imprisonment for life.

        (2)    Unless a sentence of imprisonment for life without the possibility of parole is imposed in compliance with § 2–203 of this subtitle and § 2–304 of this title, the sentence shall be imprisonment for life.

    (c)    A person who solicits another or conspires with another to commit murder in the first degree is guilty of murder in the first degree if the death of another occurs as a result of the solicitation or conspiracy.

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