2018 Maryland Code
Title 19 - Vehicle Laws -- Civil Liability of Governmental Agencies
§ 19-102. Liability for commandeered vehicles used in a roadblock

  • (a) Directing participation in roadblock prohibited. -- A police officer may not direct any driver, owner, or passenger of a motor vehicle, other than a police vehicle, to participate in a roadblock.

  • (b) Liability for damages and injuries. -- If any police officer of this State or any political subdivision of this State, while otherwise acting within the scope of his authority in enforcing any law, directs the driver, owner, or passenger of a motor vehicle other than a police vehicle to participate in a roadblock to assist him in enforcing that law or in apprehending any person suspected of violating or known to have violated that law, this State or the political subdivision, as the case may be, is liable for the damages or injuries proximately caused by participation in the roadblock.

  • (c) Defenses available to State or political subdivision. -- This State or a political subdivision of this State may use the defense of contributory negligence and assert the doctrine of last clear chance in an action brought or defense raised under subsection (b) of this section.

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