2018 Maryland Code
Criminal Law
Title 10 - Crimes Against Public Health, Conduct, and Sensibilities
Subtitle 6 - Crimes Relating to Animals
§ 10-615. Care of mistreated animal

  • (a) Court-ordered removal. -- If an owner or custodian of an animal is convicted of an act of animal cruelty, the court may order the removal of the animal or any other animal at the time of conviction for the protection of the animal.

  • (b) Seizure. --

    • (1) An officer or authorized agent of a humane society, or a police officer or other public official required to protect animals may seize an animal if necessary to protect the animal from cruelty.

    • (2)

      • (i) An animal that a medical and scientific research facility possesses may be removed under this subsection only after review by and a recommendation from the Maryland Department of Health, Center for Veterinary Public Health.

      • (ii) The Maryland Department of Health shall:

        • 1. conduct an investigation within 24 hours after receiving a complaint; and

          2. within 24 hours after completing the investigation, report to the State's Attorney for the county in which the facility is situated.

  • (c) Impounded animal. --

    • (1) If an animal is impounded, yarded, or confined without necessary food, water, or proper attention, is subject to cruelty, or is neglected, an officer or authorized agent of a humane society, a police officer, another public official required to protect animals, or any invited and accompanying veterinarian licensed in the State, may:

      • (i) enter the place where the animal is located and supply the animal with necessary food, water, and attention; or

      • (ii) remove the animal if removal is necessary for the health of the animal.

    • (2) A person who enters a place under paragraph (1) of this subsection is not liable because of the entry.

  • (d) Notification to owner. --

    • (1) A person who removes an animal under subsection (c) of this section shall notify the animal's owner or custodian of:

      • (i) the removal; and

      • (ii) any administrative remedies that may be available to the owner or custodian.

    • (2) If an administrative remedy is not available, the owner or custodian may file a petition for the return of the animal in the District Court of the county in which the removal occurred within 10 days after the removal.

  • (e) Stray. -- An animal is considered a stray if:

    • (1) an owner or custodian of the animal was notified under subsection (d) of this section and failed to file a petition within 10 days after removal; or

    • (2) the owner or custodian of the animal is unknown and cannot be ascertained by reasonable effort for 20 days to determine the owner or custodian.

  • (f) Limitations. -- This section does not allow:

    • (1) entry into a private dwelling; or

    • (2) removal of a farm animal without the prior recommendation of a veterinarian licensed in the State.

  • (g) Local enforcement -- Baltimore County. -- In Baltimore County, the Baltimore County Department of Health, Division of Animal Control or an organization that the Baltimore County government approves shall enforce this section.

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