2017 Maryland Code
Estates and Trusts
Title 11 - Miscellaneous Rules
Subtitle 1 - General
§ 11-102. Rule against perpetuities -- Exceptions

  • (a) "Usufructuary" defined. -- In this section, "usufructuary" means a person having a usufruct or right to enjoy a thing in which the person has no property interest.
  • (b) Exceptions. -- Subject to §§ 4-409 of this article and 11-103 of this subtitle, the common-law rule against perpetuities as now recognized in the State is preserved, but the rule does not apply to the following:
    • (1) A legacy or inter vivos conveyance having a value of $ 5,000 or less, or of any burial lot of any value, in trust or otherwise, for the purpose of providing for the perpetual care or keeping in good order and condition, or making repairs to, any lot, vault, mausoleum, or other place of sepulture belonging to any individual or several individuals in any cemetery or graveyard, the lots in which are intended for the burial of members of the family, family connections, relatives, or friends of the owners, or their successors in ownership;
    • (2) A legacy or inter vivos conveyance intended to transfer assets from any corporation incorporated for charitable objects, to any other charitable corporation on a contingency or future event;
    • (3) A trust created by an employer as part of a pension, stock bonus, disability, death benefit, profit-sharing, retirement, welfare, or other plan for the exclusive benefit of some or all of the employees of the employer or their beneficiaries, to which contributions are made by the employer or employees, or both the employer and employees, for the purpose of making distributions to or for the benefit of employees or their beneficiaries out of the income or principal or both the income and principal of the trust, or for any other purposes set out in the plan;
    • (4) A trust for charitable purposes, which shall include all purposes as are within the spirit or letter of the statute of 43 Elizabeth Ch. 4 (1601), commonly known as the statute of charitable uses;
    • (5) A trust in which the governing instrument states that the rule against perpetuities does not apply to the trust and under which the trustee, or other person to whom the power is properly granted or delegated, has the power under the governing instrument, applicable statute, or common law to sell, lease, or mortgage property for any period of time beyond the period that is required for an interest created under the governing instrument to vest, so as to be good under the rule against perpetuities;
    • (6) An option of a tenant to renew a lease;
    • (7) An option of a tenant to purchase all or part of the premises leased by the tenant;
    • (8) An option of a usufructuary to extend the scope of an easement or profit;
    • (9) The right of a county, a municipality, a person from whom land is acquired, or the successor-in-interest of a person from whom land is acquired, to acquire land from the State in accordance with § 8-309 of the Transportation Article;
    • (10) A right or privilege, including an option, warrant, pre-emptive right, right of first refusal, right of first option, right of first negotiation, call right, exchange right, or conversion right, to acquire an interest in a domestic or foreign joint venture, partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, corporation, cooperative, limited liability company, business trust, statutory trust, or similar enterprise, whether the interest is characterized as a joint venture interest, partnership interest, limited partnership interest, membership interest, security, stock, or otherwise;
    • (11) A nondonative property interest as described in § 11-102.1 of this subtitle;
    • (12) A trust created under § 14.5-407 of this article to provide for the care of an animal alive during the lifetime of the settlor; or
    • (13) An affordable housing land trust agreement executed under Title 14, Subtitle 5 of the Real Property Article.
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