2015 Maryland Code
Title 11 - MARYLAND CONDOMINIUM ACT
§ 11-114 - Required insurance coverage; reconstruction
(a) Duty of council of unit owners to maintain property and liability insurance. -- Commencing not later than the time of the first conveyance of a unit to a person other than the developer, the council of unit owners shall maintain, to the extent reasonably available:
(1) Property insurance on the common elements and units, exclusive of improvements and betterments installed in units by unit owners other than the developer, insuring against those risks of direct physical loss commonly insured against, in amounts determined by the council of unit owners but not less than any amounts specified in the declaration or bylaws; and
(2) Comprehensive general liability insurance, including medical payments insurance, in an amount determined by the council of unit owners, but not less than any amount specified in the declaration or bylaws, covering occurrences commonly insured against for death, bodily injury, and property damage arising out of or in connection with the use, ownership, or maintenance of the common elements.
(b) Other insurance. -- The council of unit owners shall give notice to all unit owners of the termination of any insurance policy within 10 days of termination. The declaration or bylaws may require the council of unit owners to carry any other insurance, and the council of unit owners in any event may carry any other insurance it deems appropriate to protect the council of unit owners or the unit owners.
(c) Provisions of property and liability insurance policies. -- Insurance policies carried pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall provide that:
(1) For property and casualty losses to the common elements and the units, exclusive of improvements and betterments installed in the units by unit owners other than the developer, each unit owner is an insured person under the policy with respect to liability arising out of his ownership of an undivided interest in the common elements or membership in the council of unit owners;
(2) The insurer waives its right to subrogation under the policy against any unit owner of the condominium or members of his household;
(3) An act or omission by any unit owner, unless acting within the scope of his authority on behalf of the council of unit owners, does not void the policy and is not a condition to recovery under the policy; and
(4) If, at the time of a loss under the policy, there is other insurance in the name of a unit owner covering the same property covered by the policy, the policy is primary insurance not contributing with the other insurance.
(d) Disbursement of proceeds of property policy. -- Any loss covered by the property policy under subsection (a)(1) of this section shall be adjusted with the council of unit owners, but the insurance proceeds for that loss shall be payable to any insurance trustee designated for that purpose, or otherwise to the council of unit owners, and not to any mortgagee. The insurance trustee or the council of unit owners shall hold any insurance proceeds in trust for unit owners and lien holders as their interests may appear. Subject to the provisions of subsection (g) of this section, the proceeds shall be disbursed first for the repair or restoration of the damaged common elements and units, and unit owners and lien holders are not entitled to receive payment of any portion of the proceeds unless there is a surplus of proceeds after the common elements and units have been completely repaired or restored, or the condominium is terminated.
(e) Insurance for unit owner's benefit. -- An insurance policy issued to the council of unit owners does not prevent a unit owner from obtaining insurance for his own benefit.
(f) Certificates or memoranda of insurance; notice prior to cancellation. --
(1) An insurer that has issued an insurance policy under this section shall issue certificates or memoranda of insurance to the council of unit owners and, upon request, to any unit owner, mortgagee, or beneficiary under a deed of trust.
(2) An insurer may cancel an insurance policy issued under this section in accordance with § 27-603 of the Insurance Article.
(g) Repair or reconstruction. --
(1) Any portion of the common elements and the units, exclusive of improvements and betterments installed in the units by unit owners other than the developer, damaged or destroyed shall be repaired or replaced promptly by the council of unit owners unless:
(i) The condominium is terminated;
(ii) Repair or replacement would be illegal under any State or local health or safety statute or ordinance; or
(iii) 80 percent of the unit owners, including every owner of a unit or assigned limited common element which will not be rebuilt, vote not to rebuild.
(2) (i) 1. The cost of repair or replacement in excess of insurance proceeds and reserves is a common expense.
2. A property insurance deductible is not a cost of repair or replacement in excess of insurance proceeds.
(ii) If the cause of any damage to or destruction of any portion of the condominium originates from the common elements, the council of unit owners' property insurance deductible is a common expense.
(iii) 1. If the cause of any damage to or destruction of any portion of the condominium originates from a unit, the owner of the unit where the cause of the damage or destruction originated is responsible for the council of unit owners' property insurance deductible not to exceed $ 5,000.
2. The council of unit owners shall inform each unit owner annually in writing of:
A. The unit owner's responsibility for the council of unit owners' property insurance deductible; and
B. The amount of the deductible.
3. The council of unit owners' property insurance deductible amount exceeding the $ 5,000 responsibility of the unit owner is a common expense.
(iv) In the same manner as provided under § 11-110 of this title, the council of unit owners may make an annual assessment against the unit owner responsible under subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph.
(3) If the damaged or destroyed portion of the condominium is not repaired or replaced:
(i) The insurance proceeds attributable to the damaged common elements shall be used to restore the damaged area to a condition compatible with the remainder of the condominium;
(ii) The insurance proceeds attributable to units and limited common elements which are not rebuilt shall be distributed to the owners of those units and the owners of the units to which those limited common elements were assigned; and
(iii) The remainder of the proceeds shall be distributed to all the unit owners in proportion to their percentage interest in the common elements.
(4) If the unit owners vote not to rebuild any unit, that unit's entire common element interest, votes in the council of unit owners, and common expense liability are automatically reallocated upon the vote as if the unit had been condemned under § 11-112 of this title, and the council of unit owners promptly shall prepare, execute, and record an amendment to the declaration reflecting the reallocations. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, § 11-123 of this title governs the distribution of insurance proceeds if the condominium is terminated.
(h) Inspection of insurance policies. -- The council of unit owners shall maintain and make available for inspection a copy of all insurance policies maintained by the council of unit owners.
(i) Section inapplicable to condominium intended for nonresidential use. -- The provisions of this section do not apply to a condominium all of whose units are intended for nonresidential use.
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