2013 Maryland Code
TRANSPORTATION
§ 24-111 - Weighing and measuring vehicles


MD Transp Code § 24-111 (2013) What's This?

§24-111.

(a) (1) In this section and in § 24-111.1 of this subtitle the following words have the meanings indicated.

(2) “CVISN” means the Commercial Vehicle Information Systems and Network, a motor carrier program managed by the Department, together with other State agencies.

(3) “CVISN transponder” means an electronic device acquired by motor carriers to allow electronic signaling through CVISN.

(4) “Police officer” means:

(i) Any uniformed police officer;

(ii) Any civilian employee of the Department of State Police or the Maryland Transportation Authority Police assigned to enforce this subtitle, but only while acting under written authorization of the Secretary of State Police; or

(iii) Any civilian employee of a local government who is:

1. Acting under the immediate direction and control of a uniformed police officer;

2. Acting under written authorization of the Secretary of State Police; and

3. Certified by the Department of State Police to perform the weighing and measurement authorized under this section.

(b) (1) The driver of a vehicle must stop and submit the vehicle to a measurement or weighing:

(i) When directed by a police officer who has reason to believe that the size or weight of a vehicle being driven on a highway violates this subtitle; or

(ii) When directed by an electronic signal to a CVISN transponder.

(2) The weighing authorized by this subsection:

(i) May be done with either portable or stationary scales; and

(ii) In either case, shall be done by methods established by experts in the field of weights and measures and adopted by rule or regulation of the Department of State Police.

(3) If more than 1 statutory weight limit tolerance applies to a vehicle being weighed under this section, the police officer shall grant only the greatest applicable tolerance.

(c) The operation of a vehicle on any highway in this State constitutes the consent of the driver and the owner of the vehicle to the measurement and weighing provided for in this section.

(d) (1) The driver of a vehicle shall obey every sign and every direction of a police officer or an electronic signal to a CVISN transponder to stop the vehicle and submit it to measurement or weighing.

(2) If a driver fails or refuses to comply with the direction of a police officer or an electronic signal to a CVISN transponder to submit a vehicle to measurement or weighing, the police officer shall have the authority to take the vehicle and its load into temporary custody for the purpose of weighing and measuring.

(3) The police officer may utilize resources specified in § 27-111(b) of this article to conduct the weighing or measuring.

(4) In addition to any fine or penalty attributable to the weighing and measuring, or other offense, the driver is:

(i) Subject to a fine and penalty specified in § 27-101(l) of this article; and

(ii) Responsible for any actual costs incurred in weighing and measuring the vehicle and its load because of the driver’s failure or refusal to comply with the direction of a police officer or an electronic signal to a CVISN transponder.

(e) A sign used to direct vehicles under this section may be displayed only by a police officer who is assigned to enforce this title.

§ 24-111 - 1. Removal of excess weight

(a) Required removal -- Overweight 5,000 pounds or less. -- Except as otherwise provided in this section, as to any vehicle found to exceed the weight limits permitted under this subtitle, if the overweight does not exceed 5,000 pounds, a police officer may require the driver to unload the excess weight.

(b) Required removal -- Overweight exceeding 5,000 pounds. -- Except as otherwise provided in this section, as to any vehicle found to exceed the weight limits permitted under this subtitle, if the overweight exceeds 5,000 pounds, the vehicle may not be moved until the excess weight is unloaded.

(c) Exception -- Vehicle transporting liquid milk. -- Except on interstate highways, if an overweight vehicle bears registration plates issued by this State and is transporting liquid milk in bulk from the producer, the vehicle may be granted a 5 percent tolerance on the applicable registration or statutory gross weight limit. However, a tolerance granted under this subsection may not permit the gross weight of the vehicle to exceed 80,000 pounds.

(d) Exception -- Indivisible load. -- As to an overweight vehicle carrying an indivisible load:

(1) If it is the first indivisible load overweight violation by the driver of the vehicle, the vehicle may be allowed to proceed, after a permit to do so is obtained from the State Highway Administration; and

(2) If it is a second or subsequent indivisible load overweight violation by the driver of the vehicle, the vehicle shall return with its load to its place of entry or origin in this State, after a permit to do so is obtained from the State Highway Administration.

(e) Exception -- Perishable products. -- As to an overweight vehicle carrying perishable products as its only load, the vehicle shall be allowed to proceed to its destination if:

(1) It is the first perishable load overweight violation by the driver of the vehicle following a period of at least 365 consecutive days without a perishable load overweight violation; and

(2) The overweight does not exceed 5,000 pounds.

(f) Care and risk in unloading. -- All material or cargo unloaded under this section shall be cared for by the motor carrier or operator of the vehicle at the risk of the motor carrier or operator.

§ 24-111 - 2. Weighing and measuring stations

The Department of State Police shall maintain at least five vehicle weighing and measuring stations. At least one of these stations shall be on United States Route I-95.

§ 24-111 - 3. Vehicle height monitoring system.

(a) Definitions. --

(1) In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.

(2) "Owner" means the registered owner of a motor vehicle.

(3) "Recorded image" means an image recorded by a vehicle height monitoring system:

(i) On:

1. A photograph;

2. A microphotograph;

3. An electronic image;

4. Videotape; or

5. Any other medium; and

(ii) Showing:

1. The front or side of a motor vehicle or combination of vehicles;

2. At least two time-stamped images of the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles that include the same stationary object near the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles; and

3. On at least one image or portion of tape, a clear and legible identification of the entire registration plate number of the motor vehicle.

(4) "Vehicle height monitoring system" means a device with one or more motor vehicle sensors that is capable of producing recorded images of vehicles whose height exceeds a predetermined limit.

(b) In general. --

(1) A vehicle height monitoring system may be used to record images of vehicles traveling on a highway in Baltimore City under this section only if the use of vehicle height monitoring systems is authorized by an ordinance adopted by the Baltimore City Council after reasonable notice and a public hearing.

(2) Before Baltimore City places or installs a vehicle height monitoring system at a particular location, it shall:

(i) Conduct an analysis to determine the appropriateness of the location; and

(ii) Obtain the approval of the Baltimore City Police Commissioner or the Commissioner's designee.

(3) Before activating a vehicle height monitoring system, Baltimore City shall:

(i) Publish notice of the location of the vehicle height monitoring system on its Web site and in a newspaper of general circulation in the jurisdiction; and

(ii) Ensure that all signs stating restrictions on the presence of certain vehicles during certain times approaching and within the segment of highway on which the vehicle height monitoring system is located include signs that:

1. Are in accordance with the manual and specifications for a uniform system of traffic control devices adopted by the State Highway Administration under § 25-104 of this article; and

2. Indicate that a vehicle height monitoring system is in use.

(c) Operator required to maintain daily set-up log. -- A vehicle height monitoring system operator shall fill out and sign a daily set-up log for a vehicle height monitoring system that:

(1) States that the operator successfully performed the manufacturer-specified self-test of the vehicle height monitoring system before producing a recorded image;

(2) Shall be kept on file; and

(3) Shall be admitted as evidence in any court proceeding for a violation of this section.

(d) Civil penalty. --

(1) Unless the driver of the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles received a citation from a police officer at the time of the violation, the owner of a motor vehicle or combination of vehicles is subject to a civil penalty if the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles is recorded by a vehicle height monitoring system while being operated in violation of a State or local law restricting the presence of certain vehicles during certain times.

(2) A civil penalty under this subsection may not exceed:

(i) For a second violation by the owner of the motor vehicle, $ 250; and

(ii) For a third or subsequent violation by the owner of the motor vehicle, $ 500.

(3) For purposes of this section, the District Court shall prescribe:

(i) A uniform citation form consistent with subsection (d)(1) of this section and § 7-302 of the Courts Article; and

(ii) A civil penalty, which shall be indicated on the citation, to be paid by persons who choose to prepay the civil penalty without appearing in District Court.

(e) Issuance of citation; contents; duty of recipient. --

(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, the Baltimore City Police Department or the Baltimore City Department of Transportation shall mail to an owner liable under this section a citation that shall include:

(i) The name and address of the registered owner of the motor vehicle;

(ii) The registration number of the motor vehicle involved in the violation;

(iii) The violation charged;

(iv) The location at which the violation occurred;

(v) The date and time of the violation;

(vi) A copy of the recorded image;

(vii) The amount of the civil penalty imposed and the date by which the civil penalty should be paid;

(viii) A signed statement by a duly authorized law enforcement officer commissioned by the Baltimore City Police Department that, based on inspection of the recorded image, the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles was being operated in violation of a State or local law restricting the presence of certain vehicles during certain times;

(ix) A statement that the recorded image is evidence of the violation;

(x) Information advising the owner alleged to be liable under this section of the manner and time in which liability as alleged in the citation may be contested in the District Court; and

(xi) Information advising the owner alleged to be liable under this section that failure to pay the civil penalty or to contest liability in a timely manner is an admission of liability.

(2) The Baltimore City Police Department or the Baltimore City Department of Transportation shall, for a first violation, mail a warning notice instead of a citation to an owner liable under this section.

(3) A citation issued under this section shall be mailed no later than 30 days after the alleged violation.

(4) A person who receives a citation under this section may:

(i) Pay the civil penalty, in accordance with instructions on the citation, directly to Baltimore City; or

(ii) Elect to stand trial in the District Court for the alleged violation.

(f) Evidence; witnesses. --

(1) A certificate alleging that a violation of a State or local law restricting the presence of certain vehicles during certain times occurred and that the requirements under subsections (b) and (c) of this section have been affirmed by a duly authorized law enforcement officer commissioned by the Baltimore City Police Department, based on inspection of the recorded image produced by the vehicle height monitoring system, shall be:

(i) Evidence of the facts contained in the certificate; and

(ii) Admissible in a proceeding alleging a violation under this section without the presence or testimony of the vehicle height monitoring system operator.

(2) If a person who received a citation under this section desires the vehicle height monitoring system operator to be present and testify at trial, the person shall notify the court and the State in writing no later than 20 days before trial.

(3) Adjudication of liability shall be based on a preponderance of evidence.

(g) Defenses. --

(1) The District Court may consider in defense of a violation:

(i) Subject to paragraph (2) of this subsection, that the motor vehicle or the registration plates of the motor vehicle were stolen before the violation occurred and were not under the control or possession of the owner at the time of the violation; and

(ii) Any other issues and evidence that the District Court deems pertinent.

(2) To demonstrate that the motor vehicle or the registration plates were stolen before the violation occurred and were not under the control or possession of the owner at the time of the violation, the owner shall submit proof that a police report regarding the stolen motor vehicle or registration plates was filed in a timely manner.

(h) Status of violation. -- A violation for which a civil penalty is imposed under this section:

(1) Is not a moving violation for the purpose of assessing points under § 16-402 of this article;

(2) May not be recorded by the Administration on the driving record of the owner of the vehicle;

(3) May not be treated as a parking violation for purposes of § 26-305 of this article; and

(4) May not be considered in the provision of motor vehicle insurance coverage.

(i) Adoption of procedures for issuance of citations. -- In consultation with the Baltimore City Police Department, the Chief Judge of the District Court shall adopt procedures for the issuance of citations, the trial of civil violations, and the collection of civil penalties under this section.

(j) Administration and processing of citations. --

(1) The Baltimore City Police Department or the Baltimore City Department of Transportation, or a contractor designated by the Baltimore City Police Department or the Baltimore City Department of Transportation, shall administer and process civil citations issued under this section in coordination with the District Court.

(2) If a contractor operates a vehicle height monitoring system on behalf of Baltimore City, the contractor's fee may not be contingent on the number of citations issued or paid.

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