2013 Maryland Code
§ 11B-112 - Books and records of homeowners association; disclosures to be deposited into depository
(a) Books and records -- Examination; public inspection. --
(1) (i) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of this subsection, all books and records kept by or on behalf of the homeowners association shall be made available for examination or copying, or both, by a lot owner, a lot owner's mortgagee, or their respective duly authorized agents or attorneys, during normal business hours, and after reasonable notice.
(ii) Books and records required to be made available under subparagraph (i) of this paragraph shall first be made available to a lot owner no later than 15 business days after a lot is conveyed by the declarant and the lot owner requests to examine or copy the books and records.
(iii) If a lot owner requests in writing a copy of financial statements of the homeowners association or the minutes of a meeting of the governing body of the homeowners association to be delivered, the governing body of the homeowners association shall compile and send the requested information by mail, electronic transmission, or personal delivery:
1. Within 21 days after receipt of the written request, if the financial statements or minutes were prepared within the 3 years immediately preceding receipt of the request; or
2. Within 45 days after receipt of the written request, if the financial statements or minutes were prepared more than 3 years before receipt of the request.
(2) Books and records kept by or on behalf of a homeowners association may be withheld from public inspection, except for inspection by the person who is the subject of the record or the person's designee or guardian, to the extent that they concern:
(i) Personnel records, not including information on individual salaries, wages, bonuses, and other compensation paid to employees;
(ii) An individual's medical records;
(iii) An individual's personal financial records, including assets, income, liabilities, net worth, bank balances, financial history or activities, and creditworthiness;
(iv) Records relating to business transactions that are currently in negotiation;
(v) The written advice of legal counsel; or
(vi) Minutes of a closed meeting of the governing body of the homeowners association, unless a majority of a quorum of the governing body of the homeowners association that held the meeting approves unsealing the minutes or a recording of the minutes for public inspection.
(b) Books and records -- Charge for review or copying. --
(1) Except for a reasonable charge imposed on a person desiring to review or copy the books and records or who requests delivery of information, the homeowners association may not impose any charges under this section.
(2) A charge imposed under paragraph (1) of this subsection for copying books and records may not exceed the limits authorized under Title 7, Subtitle 2 of the Courts Article.
(c) Disclosures to be deposited into depository. --
(1) Each homeowners association that was in existence on June 30, 1987 shall deposit in the depository by December 31, 1988, and each homeowners association established subsequent to June 30, 1987 shall deposit in the depository by the later of the date 30 days following its establishment, or December 31, 1988, all disclosures, current to the date of deposit, specified:
(i) By § 11B-105(b) of this title except for those disclosures required by paragraphs (6)(i), (8), (9), and (12);
(ii) By § 11B-106(b) of this title except for those disclosures required by paragraphs (1), (2), (4), and (5)(i); and
(iii) By § 11B-107(b) of this title.
(2) Beginning January 1, 1989, within 30 days of the adoption of or amendment to any of the disclosures required by this title to be deposited in the depository, a homeowners association shall deposit the adopted or amended disclosures in the depository.
(3) If a homeowners association fails to deposit in the depository any of the disclosures required to be deposited by this section, or by § 11B-105(b)(6)(ii) or § 11B-106(b)(5)(ii) of this title, then those disclosures which were not deposited shall be unenforceable until the time they are deposited.
§ 11B-112 - 1. Late charges
The declaration or bylaws of a homeowners association may provide for a late charge of $ 15 or one-tenth of the total amount of any delinquent assessment or installment, whichever is greater, provided the charge may not be imposed more than once for the same delinquent payment and may be imposed only if the delinquency has continued for at least 15 calendar days.
§ 11B-112 - 2. Annual budget
(a) Applicability. -- This section applies only to a homeowners association that has responsibility under its declaration for maintaining and repairing common areas.
(b) Preparation and submission. --
(1) The board of directors or other governing body of a homeowners association shall cause to be prepared and submitted to the lot owners an annual proposed budget at least 30 days before its adoption.
(2) The annual proposed budget may be sent to each lot owner by electronic transmission, by posting on the homeowners association's home page, or by including the annual proposed budget in the homeowners association's newsletter.
(c) Items required to be included. -- The annual budget shall provide information on or expenditures for at least the following items:
(5) General expenses;
(6) Reserves; and
(7) Capital expenses.
(d) Adoption at open meeting; notice. --
(1) The budget shall be adopted at an open meeting of the homeowners association or any other body to which the homeowners association delegates responsibilities for preparing and adopting the budget.
(2) (i) Notice of the meeting at which the proposed budget will be considered shall be sent to each lot owner.
(ii) Notice under subparagraph (i) of this paragraph may be sent by electronic transmission, by posting on the homeowners association's home page, or by including the notice in the homeowners association's newsletter.
(e) Certain expenditures in excess of 15% of budgeted amount to be approved by amendment. -- Except for an expenditure made by the homeowners association because of a condition that, if not corrected, could reasonably result in a threat to the health or safety of the lot owners or a significant risk of damage to the development, any expenditure that would result in an increase in an amount of assessments for the current fiscal year of the homeowners association in excess of 15% of the budgeted amount previously adopted shall be approved by an amendment to the budget adopted at a special meeting for which not less than 10 days written notice shall be provided to the lot owners.
(f) Authority of homeowners association to obligate itself for certain expenditures unimpaired. -- The adoption of a budget does not impair the authority of the homeowners association to obligate the homeowners association for expenditures for any purpose consistent with any provision of this title.
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