2013 Maryland Code
§ 15-139 - Coverage for services delivered through telemedicine
(a) (1) In this section, “telemedicine” means, as it relates to the delivery of health care services, the use of interactive audio, video, or other telecommunications or electronic technology by a licensed health care provider to deliver a health care service within the scope of practice of the health care provider at a site other than the site at which the patient is located.
(2) “Telemedicine” does not include:
(i) an audio-only telephone conversation between a health care provider and a patient;
(ii) an electronic mail message between a health care provider and a patient; or
(iii) a facsimile transmission between a health care provider and a patient.
(b) This section applies to:
(1) insurers and nonprofit health service plans that provide hospital, medical, or surgical benefits to individuals or groups on an expense-incurred basis under health insurance policies or contracts that are issued or delivered in the State; and
(2) health maintenance organizations that provide hospital, medical, or surgical benefits to individuals or groups under contracts that are issued or delivered in the State.
(c) An entity subject to this section:
(1) shall provide coverage under a health insurance policy or contract for health care services appropriately delivered through telemedicine; and
(2) may not exclude from coverage a health care service solely because it is provided through telemedicine and is not provided through an in-person consultation or contact between a health care provider and a patient.
(d) An entity subject to this section:
(1) shall reimburse a health care provider for the diagnosis, consultation, and treatment of an insured patient for a health care service covered under a health insurance policy or contract that can be appropriately provided through telemedicine;
(2) is not required to:
(i) reimburse a health care provider for a health care service delivered in person or through telemedicine that is not a covered benefit under the health insurance policy or contract; or
(ii) reimburse a health care provider who is not a covered provider under the health insurance policy or contract; and
(3) (i) may impose a deductible, copayment, or coinsurance amount on benefits for health care services that are delivered either through an in-person consultation or through telemedicine;
(ii) may impose an annual dollar maximum as permitted by federal law; and
(iii) may not impose a lifetime dollar maximum.
(e) An entity subject to this section may undertake utilization review, including preauthorization, to determine the appropriateness of any health care service whether the service is delivered through an in-person consultation or through telemedicine if the appropriateness of the health care service is determined in the same manner.
(f) A health insurance policy or contract may not distinguish between patients in rural or urban locations in providing coverage under the policy or contract for health care services delivered through telemedicine.
(g) A decision by an entity subject to this section not to provide coverage for telemedicine in accordance with this section constitutes an adverse decision, as defined in § 15-10A-01 of this title, if the decision is based on a finding that telemedicine is not medically necessary, appropriate, or efficient.
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