Maryland Family Law Section 5-3B-20

Article - Family Law

§ 5-3B-20.


** SPECIAL NOTE: EFFECTIVE - JANUARY 1, 2006 - CHAPTER 464 - 2005 **

      (a)      Consent to adoption under this subtitle is not valid unless the consent:

            (1)      is given after the prospective adoptee is born;

            (2)      is given in a language that the party understands;

            (3)      if given in a language other than English:

                  (i)      is given before a judge on the record; or

                  (ii)      is accompanied by the affidavit of a translator stating that the translation of the document of consent is accurate;

            (4)      contains an express notice of:

                  (i)      the right to revoke consent, at any time within 30 days after the consent is signed;

                  (ii)      the search rights of adoptees and parents under § 5-3B-29 of this subtitle and the search rights of adoptees, siblings, and parents under Subtitle 4B of this title; and

                  (iii)      the right to file a disclosure veto under § 5-3B-29 of this subtitle;

            (5)      except as to an adoption by a spouse of the prospective adoptee's parent or a relative of the prospective adoptee, states that the parent has been advised of the parent's rights to:

                  (i)      have independent counsel; and

                  (ii)      receive adoption counseling and guidance;

            (6)      states whether the parent chose to have or not have counsel or counseling; and

            (7)      is accompanied by an affidavit of counsel appointed under § 5-3B-06 of this subtitle stating that a parent who is a minor or has a disability gives consent knowingly and voluntarily.

      (b)      (1)      (i)      Subject to subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph, a parent may revoke consent at any time within 30 days after the parent signs the consent.

                  (ii)      A parent may not revoke consent for adoption of a prospective adoptee if:

                        1.      in the preceding year, the parent has revoked consent for or filed a notice of objection to adoption of the prospective adoptee; and

                        2.      the child is at least 30 days old and consent is given before a judge on the record.

            (2)      A prospective adoptee may revoke consent at any time before a court enters an order of adoption under this subtitle.