2012 Louisiana Laws
TITLE 23 — Labor and worker's compensation
RS 23:1171.1 — Discontinuance of business; injunction; procedure
§1171.1. Discontinuance of business; injunction; procedure
A. The director shall investigate an employer if he receives information from any person or entity that such employer has failed to provide security for compensation as required by R.S. 23:1168. If such allegations can be reasonably substantiated and the employer has previously been fined under R.S. 23:1170 or been penalized under R.S. 23:1172, the director shall notify the employer that, unless he can show proof of compliance with R.S. 23:1168, he may be subject to further fines and penalties including but not limited to an injunction against further business operations.
B. If within fifteen days of the employer's receipt of such notice, he has not submitted to the director satisfactory proof of such compliance, the director shall set the matter for hearing in accordance with the procedures set forth by law for claims for workers' compensation benefits.
C.(1) If at such hearing, it is determined that the employer is in violation of his obligation under R.S. 23:1168, the workers' compensation judge may fine the employer in the manner provided pursuant to R.S. 23:1170(A) and shall order the employer to secure workers' compensation insurance and file evidence of coverage within ninety days of the order. Should the employer fail to file such evidence, the workers' compensation judge shall issue a cease and desist order prohibiting the employer from continuing its business operations until such time as the employer complies with R.S. 23:1168, and all fines issued are paid in full.
(2) Any cease and desist order issued by the workers' compensation judge under Paragraph (C)(1) of this Subsection shall include specific findings of fact based upon evidence of all of the following:
(a) The employer received notice of the hearing.
(b) The employer employs employees for whom it must secure workers' compensation insurance or be authorized to self-insure under the provisions of this Chapter.
(c) The employer has willfully failed to provide security for compensation as required by R.S. 23:1168 and there has been a final determination in a matter in which the employer has been fined under R.S. 23:1170 or penalized under R.S. 23:1172.
(d) The employer continues to operate its business in the absence of such security for compensation.
(3) There shall be a presumption that an employer who has previously been civilly fined for a second offense, or has previously been criminally penalized, has willfully failed to secure his obligation under R.S. 23:1168.
(4) A cease and desist order shall not issue prior to a hearing and there shall be no interruption of an employer's business operation if he submits satisfactory proof to the workers' compensation judge of his compliance with R.S. 23:1168, regardless of whether he may have been in violation thereof previously.
D.(1) After the issuance of a cease and desist order and upon the request of the director, the attorney general shall immediately institute proceedings for injunctive relief against the employer in the district court of any judicial district in this state where the employer does business. In such district court proceedings, a certified copy of any cease and desist order entered by the workers' compensation judge in accordance with this Section based upon evidence in the record shall be prima facie evidence of the facts found in such record.
(2) Such injunctive relief may include the issuance of a temporary restraining order under Louisiana Code of Civil Procedure Article 3601 et seq., which order shall enjoin the employer from continuing its business operations until it has procured the required insurance or authorization to self-insure or has posted adequate security with the court pending the procurement of such insurance or authorization. The court, in its discretion, shall determine the amount that shall constitute adequate security.
E. The issuance of an order to cease and desist or the issuance of a temporary restraining order or an injunction against an employer for failure to insure or keep insurance in force as required by R.S. 23:1168 shall be in addition to any civil or criminal penalties imposed by any other provision of law or Paragraph C(1) of this Section.
Acts 1995, No. 368, §1, eff. June 16, 1995; Acts 1997, No. 88, §1, eff. June 11, 1997; Acts 2008, No. 705, §1; Acts 2010, No. 288, §1.
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