2011 Louisiana Laws
Revised Statutes
TITLE 39 — Public finance
RS 39:2 — Definitions


LA Rev Stat § 39:2 What's This?

§2. Definitions

As used in this Chapter, except where the context clearly requires otherwise, the words and expressions defined in this Section shall be held to have the meanings here given to them.

(1) "Activity" means a distinct subset of functions or services within a program.

(2) "Agency" means any state office, department, board, commission, institution, division, officer or other person, or functional group, heretofore existing or hereafter created, that is authorized to exercise, or that does exercise, any functions of the government of the state in the executive branch, but not any governing body or officer of any local government or subdivision of the state, or any parochial officer who exercises functions coterminous with the municipality in which he performs those functions.

(3) "Appropriation" means an authorization by the legislature to a budget unit for a program to expend from public funds a sum of money, for purposes designated, under the procedure prescribed in this Chapter.

(4) "Appropriation act" means an act of the legislature that authorizes the expenditure of state money.

(5) "Authorized positions" means the number of positions approved by the legislature in an appropriation bill to be funded by the salaries continuing category of the accounting system for the state. The number may be adjusted during a fiscal year in accordance with procedures provided by law.

(5.1) "Balance in any fund" means the deficit or surplus in any fund at the close of the fiscal year.

(6) "Budget request" means the document with its accompanying explanations, in which a budget unit states its financial requirements and requests appropriations.

(7) "Budget office" means the section of the division of administration which monitors budgeting functions.

(8) "Budget unit" means any spending agency of the state which is declared to be a budget unit by the division of administration and which is identified for accounting purposes by a five-digit number code.

(9) "Capital outlays" means expenditures for acquiring lands, buildings, equipment, or other permanent properties, or for their preservation or development or permanent improvement.

(10) "Consensus estimating conference" means the Economic Estimating Conference, the Demographic Estimating Conference, the Education Estimating Conference, the Criminal Justice Estimating Conference, the Health and Social Services Estimating Conference, and the Transportation Estimating Conference.

(11) "Continuation budget" means that funding level for each budget unit which reflects the financial resources necessary to carry on all existing programs and functions of the budget unit at their current level of service in the ensuing fiscal year including any adjustments necessary to account for the increased cost of services or materials due to inflation and estimated increases in workload requirements resulting from demographic or other changes.

(11.1) "Deficit" means the excess for any fiscal year of actual expenditures paid by warrant or transfer over the actual monies received and any monies or balances carried forward for any fund at the close of the fiscal year as such are reported by the office of statewide reporting within the division of administration. "Projected deficit" means the excess of appropriations and non-appropriated requirements over the official forecast for any fund during any fiscal year.

(12) "Efficiency" means cost-effectiveness or productivity relative to achievement of an objective.

(13) "Encumbrance" means a commitment related to unperformed executory contracts for goods or services.

(14) "Executive budget" means the document submitted to the legislature at each regular session, pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter and Article VII, Section 11(A) of the Constitution of Louisiana, presenting the governor's recommended complete financial plan for each year.

(15) "Existing operating budget" means the initial operating budget as adjusted for actions taken by the Joint Legislative Committee on the Budget, the Interim Emergency Board, the legislature, or the governor in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter or any other provision of law.

(16) "Expenses" means amounts represented by cash paid out or by obligations to pay cash or partly by each for maintaining and operating government services.

(17) "Extraordinary expenses" means expenses of unusual character such as in the normal course of events would not be expected to occur in each year, or the excess over the normal requirements due to unusual conditions in any budget year.

(18) "Functions" means duties, jurisdiction, powers, rights, and obligations, conferred or imposed upon, or vested in, any agency by law, or exercised, performed, or discharged by any agency without contravention of any provision of law.

(19) "Fund" means an independent fiscal and accounting entity with a self-balancing set of accounts recording cash or other resources together with all related liabilities, obligations, reserves, and equities which are segregated for the purpose of carrying on specific activities or attaining certain objectives in accordance with regulations, restrictions, and limitations.

(20) "Goal" means a general purpose toward which the efforts of an agency are directed.

(21) "Initial operating budget" means the amount of the appropriation on July first of a particular fiscal year for that fiscal year.

(22) "Input" means any resource used to implement a policy, program, or specific service.

(23) "Key objective" means an objective which is included in the General Appropriation Act or the Ancillary Appropriation Act.

(24) "Key performance indicator" means a performance indicator which is included in the General Appropriation Act or the Ancillary Appropriation Act.

(25) "Liability" means a debt arising out of a transaction where goods or services have been received or rendered which must be liquidated, renewed, or refunded at some future date.

(26) "Money available for appropriation" means the amount of money to be received for a fiscal year by the state general fund and dedicated funds, exclusive of federal funds and those amounts appropriated or allocated by the Constitution of Louisiana.

(27) "Nonrecurring revenue" means revenue received by the state from a source identified by the Revenue Estimating Conference as being of a nonrecurring nature. "Nonrecurring revenue" does not include revenues received by the state from any source which has been available for the preceding two fiscal years or which will be available for the succeeding two fiscal years.

(28) "Objective" is a specific and measurable target for achievement which describes the exact results sought, which is expressed in an outcome-oriented statement that may reflect effectiveness, efficiency, or quality of work, and which may be either numeric or non-numeric.

(29) "Obligation" means an amount which a government may be required legally to meet out of its resources. This includes not only actual liabilities, but unliquidated encumbrances.

(30) "Official forecast" means the most recently adopted estimate of money available for appropriation by the Revenue Estimating Conference as provided in R.S. 39:24.

(31) "Official information" means data, forecasts, estimates, analyses, studies, and other information which the principals of a consensus estimating conference may adopt pursuant to a vote of the majority of the principals of that conference.

(32) "Operational plan" means the annual work plan of an agency and its component programs, which indicates the implementation of the agency's strategic plan for a specific fiscal year, and which describes agency and program missions, goals, objectives, activities, and performance indicators.

(33) "Ordinary recurring expenses" means all expenses of a continuing or recurring character, that in the normal course of administration, may be expected to be necessary in approximately the same amounts each year.

(34) "Outcome" means evidence or demonstration of the actual impact or public benefit of a program.

(35) "Output" means the quantity of actual service or product delivered by an agency or program.

(36) "Performance indicator" means a statement identifying an activity, input, output, outcome, achievement, ratio, efficiency, or quality to be measured relative to a particular goal or objective in order to assess an agency's performance. Performance indicator shall also mean measurement of any other aspect of performance as determined by rule issued by the commissioner of administration under the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act.

(37) "Program" means a grouping of activities directed toward the accomplishment of a clearly defined objective or set of objectives.

(38) "Performance-based budget" means a budget which relates funding to expected results.

(39) "Performance standard" means the expected level of performance associated with a particular performance indicator for a particular period.

(40) "Quality" means degree or grade of excellence.

(41) "State planning and budgeting system" refers to the processes and functions prescribed in Subtitle I of this Title.

(42) "Strategic plan" is the plan developed in the process of strategic planning.

(43) "Strategic planning" is a process of agency self-assessment and objective setting which considers an organization's purpose, capacities and environment, and results in a strategic plan which determines a path for development of the organization's resources in order to achieve meaningful results.

(44) "Strategy" means the method used to accomplish the objectives of an agency.

(45) "Supporting document" means the document prepared by the budget office and composed of supporting information, data, and documentation used to develop the executive budget. The data elements comprising the supporting document shall be as provided by law.

(46) "Supporting objective" means an objective which is included in the executive budget supporting document and not included in the General Appropriation Act or Ancillary Appropriation Act.

(47) "Supporting performance indicator" means a performance indicator which is included in the executive budget supporting document and not included in the General Appropriation Act or Ancillary Appropriation Act.

(48) "Surplus" means the excess for any fiscal year of the actual monies received and any monies or balances carried forward over the actual expenditures paid by warrant or transfer for any fund at the close of the fiscal year as such are reported by the office of statewide reporting within the division of administration.

Amended by Acts 1952, No. 58, §2; Acts 1956, No. 42, §1; Acts 1982, No. 719, §1; Acts 1982, No. 404, §1; Acts 1985, No. 51, §1; Acts 1989, No. 836, §1, eff. July 1, 1989; Acts 1990, No. 966, §2, eff. July 1, 1990; Acts 1993, No. 533, §1, eff. July 1, 1993; Acts 1993, No. 668, §1; Acts 1997, No. 1403, §§2, 3, eff. July 1, 1997; Acts 1997, No. 1465, §2, eff. July 15, 1997; Acts 1999, No. 1169, §2; Acts 2001, No. 1092, §1, eff. July 1, 2001; Acts 2002, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 107, §1, eff. April 18, 2002; Acts 2005, No. 247, §1, eff. July 1, 2005.

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