2015 Kentucky Revised Statutes
CHAPTER 311 - PHYSICIANS, OSTEOPATHS, PODIATRISTS, AND RELATED MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS
311.6225 Medical order for scope of treatment (MOST) form -- Eligible persons -- Scope -- Effect.

KY Rev Stat § 311.6225 (2015) What's This?

Download as PDF 311.6225 Medical order for scope of treatment (MOST) form -- Eligible persons -Scope -- Effect. (1) An adult with decisional capacity, an adult's legal surrogate, or a responsible party may complete a medical order for scope of treatment directing medical interventions. The form shall have the title "MOST, Medical Orders for Scope of Treatment" and an introductory section containing the patient’s name and date of birth, the effective date of the form, including the statement "Form must be reviewed at least annually" and the statements "HIPAA permits disclosure of MOST to other health care professionals as necessary" and "This document is based on this person’s medical condition and wishes. Any section not completed indicates a preference for full treatment for that section." The form shall be in substantially the following order and format and shall have the following contents: (a) Section A of the form shall direct cardiopulmonary resuscitation when a person has no pulse and is not breathing by selection of one (1) of the following: 1. "Attempt Resuscitation (CPR)"; or 2. "Do Not Attempt Resuscitation"; and include the statement "When not in cardiopulmonary arrest, follow orders in B, C, and D."; (b) Section B of the form shall direct the scope of treatment when a person has a pulse or is breathing by selection of one (1) of the following: 1. Full scope of treatment, including the use of intubation, advanced airway interventions, mechanical ventilation, defibrillation or cardioversion as indicated, medical treatment, intravenous fluids, and comfort measures. This option shall include the statement "Transfer to a hospital if indicated. Includes intensive care. Treatment Plan: Full treatment, including life support measures."; 2. Limited additional intervention, including the use of medical treatment, oral and intravenous medications, intravenous fluids, cardiac monitoring as indicated, noninvasive bi-level positive airway pressure, a bag valve mask, and comfort measures. This option excludes the use of intubation or mechanical ventilation. This option shall include the statement "Transfer to a hospital if indicated. Avoid intensive care. Treatment Plan: Provide basic medical treatments."; or 3. Comfort measures, including keeping the patient clean, warm, and dry; use of medication by any route; positioning, wound care, and other measures to relieve pain and suffering; and the use of oxygen, suction, and manual treatment of airway obstruction as needed for comfort. This option shall include the statement "Do not transfer to a hospital unless comfort needs cannot be met in the patient's current location (e.g. hip fracture).". These options shall be followed by a space for other instructions; (c) Section C of the form shall direct the use of oral and intravenous antibiotics (d) (e) by selection of one (1) of the following: 1. Antibiotics if indicated for the purpose of maintaining life; 2. Determine use or limitation of antibiotics when infection occurs; 3. Use of antibiotics to relieve pain and discomfort; or 4. No antibiotics, use other measures to relieve symptoms. This option shall include a space for other instructions; Section D of the form shall: 1. Have the heading "Medically Administered Fluids and Nutrition: The provision of nutrition and fluids, even if medically administered, is a basic human right and authorization to deny or withdraw shall be limited to the patient, the surrogate in accordance with KRS 311.629, or the responsible party in accordance with KRS 311.631."; 2. Direct the administration of fluids if physically possible as determined by the patient's physician in accordance with reasonable medical judgment and in consultation with the patient, surrogate, or responsible party by selecting one (1) of the following: a. Long-term intravenous fluids if indicated; b. Intravenous fluids for a defined trial period. This option shall be followed by "Goal:................."; or c. No intravenous fluids, provide other measures to ensure comfort; and 3. Direct the administration of nutrition if physically possible as determined by the patient's physician in accordance with reasonable medical judgment and in consultation with the patient, surrogate, or responsible party by selecting one (1) of the following: a. Long-term feeding tube if indicated; b. Feeding tube for a defined trial period. This option shall be followed by "Goal:................."; or c. No feeding tube. This option shall be followed by a space for special instructions; Section E of the form shall: 1. Have the heading "Patient Preferences as a Basis for this MOST Form" and shall include the language "Basis for order must be documented in medical record"; 2. Provide direction to indicate whether or not the patient has an advance medical directive such as a health care power of attorney or living will and, if so, a place for the printed name, position, and signature of the individual certifying that the MOST is in accordance with the advance directive; and 3. Indicate whether oral or written directions were given and, if so, by which one (1) or more of the following: a. b. c. d. (f) (g) Patient; Parent or guardian if patient is a minor; Surrogate appointed by the patient's advance directive; The judicially appointed guardian of the patient, if the guardian has been appointed and if medical decisions are within the scope of the guardianship; e. The attorney-in-fact named in a durable power of attorney, if the durable power of attorney specifically includes authority for health care decisions; f. The spouse of the patient; g. An adult child of the patient or, if the patient has more than one (1) child, the majority of the adult children who are reasonably available for consultation; h. The parents of the patient; and i. The nearest living relative of the patient or, if more than one (1) relative of the same relation is reasonably available for consultation, a majority of the nearest living relatives; A signature portion of the form shall include spaces for the printed name, signature, and date of signing for: 1. The patient’s physician; 2. The patient, parent of minor, guardian, health care agent, surrogate, spouse, or other responsible party, with a description of the relationship to the patient and contact information, unless based solely on advance directive; and 3. The health care professional preparing the form, with contact information; A section of the form shall be titled "Information for patient, surrogate, or responsible party named on this form" with the following language: "The MOST form is always voluntary and is usually for persons with advanced illness. MOST records your wishes for medical treatment in your current state of health. The provision of nutrition and fluids, even if medically administered, is a basic human right and authorization to deny or withdraw shall be limited to the patient, the surrogate in accordance with KRS 311.629, or the responsible party in accordance with KRS 311.631. Once initial medical treatment is begun and the risks and benefits of further therapy are clear, your treatment wishes may change. Your medical care and this form can be changed to reflect your new wishes at any time. However, no form can address all the medical treatment decisions that may need to be made. An advance directive, such as the Kentucky Health Care Power of Attorney, is recommended for all capable adults, regardless of their health status. An advance directive allows you to document in detail your future health care instructions or name a surrogate to speak for you if you are unable to speak for yourself, or both. If there are conflicting directions between an enforceable (h) (i) living will and a MOST form, the provisions of the living will shall prevail."; A section of the form shall be titled "Directions for Completing and Implementing Form" with these four (4) subdivisions: 1. The first subdivision shall be titled "Completing MOST" and shall have the following language: "MOST must be reviewed, prepared, and signed by the patient's physician in personal communication with the patient, the patient's surrogate, or responsible party. MOST must be reviewed and contain the original signature of the patient's physician to be valid. Be sure to document the basis in the progress notes of the medical record. Mode of communication (e.g., in person, by telephone, etc.) should also be documented. The signature of the patient, surrogate, or a responsible party is required; however, if the patient’s surrogate or a responsible party is not reasonably available to sign the original form, a copy of the completed form with the signature of the patient’s surrogate or a responsible party must be signed by the patient's physician and placed in the medical record. Use of original form is required. Be sure to send the original form with the patient. There is no requirement that a patient have a MOST."; 2. The second subdivision shall be titled "Implementing MOST" and shall have the following language: "If a health care provider or facility cannot comply with the orders due to policy or personal ethics, the provider or facility must arrange for transfer of the patient to another provider or facility."; 3. The third subdivision shall be titled "Reviewing MOST" and shall have the following language: "This MOST must be reviewed at least annually or earlier if: The patient is admitted and/or discharged from a health care facility; There is a substantial change in the patient’s health status; or The patient’s treatment preferences change. If MOST is revised or becomes invalid, draw a line through Sections AE and write "VOID" in large letters."; and 4. The fourth subdivision shall be titled "Revocation of MOST" and shall have the following language: "This MOST may be revoked by the patient, the surrogate, or the responsible party."; and A section of the form shall be titled "Review of MOST" and shall have the following columns and a number of rows as determined by the Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure: 1. "Review Date"; 2. 3. 4. 5. (2) (3) "Reviewer and Location of Review"; "MD/DO Signature (Required)"; "Signature of Patient, Surrogate, or Responsible Party (Required)"; and "Outcome of Review, describing the outcome in each row by selecting one (1) of the following: a. No Change; b. FORM VOIDED, new form completed; or c. FORM VOIDED, no new form". The Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure shall promulgate administrative regulations in accordance with KRS Chapter 13A to develop the format for a standardized medical order for scope of treatment form to be approved by the board, including spacing, size, borders, fill and location of boxes, type of fonts used and their size, and placement of boxes on the front or back of the form so as to fit on a single sheet. The board may not alter the wording or order of wording provided in subsection (1) of this section, except to add identifying data such as form number and date of promulgation or revision and instructions for completing, reviewing, and revoking the election of the form. The board shall consult with appropriate professional organizations to develop the format for the medical order for scope of treatment form, including: (a) The Kentucky Association of Hospice and Palliative Care; (b) The Kentucky Board of Emergency Medical Services; (c) The Kentucky Hospital Association; (d) The Kentucky Association of Health Care Facilities; (e) LeadingAge Kentucky; (f) The Kentucky Right to Life Association; and (g) Other groups interested in end-of-life care. The medical order for scope of treatment form developed under subsection (2) of this section shall include but not be limited to: (a) An advisory that completing the medical order for scope of treatment form is voluntary and not required for treatment; (b) Identification of the person who discussed and agreed to the options for medical intervention that are selected; (c) All necessary information necessary to comply with subsection (1) of this section; (d) The effective date of the form; (e) The expiration or review date of the form, which shall be no more than one (1) calendar year from the effective date of the form; (f) Indication of whether the patient has a living will directive or health care power of attorney, a copy of which shall be attached to the form if available; (g) An advisory that the medical order for scope of treatment may be revoked by the patient, the surrogate, or a responsible party at any time; and (h) (4) (5) A statement written in boldface type directly above the signature line for the patient that states "You are not required to sign this form to receive treatment." A physician shall document the medical basis for completing a medical order for scope of treatment in the patient's medical record. The patient, the surrogate, or a responsible party shall sign the medical order for scope of treatment form; however, if it is not practicable for the patient's surrogate or a responsible party to sign the original form, the surrogate or a responsible party shall sign a copy of the completed form and return it to the health care provider completing the form. The copy of the form with the signature of the surrogate or a responsible party, whether in electronic or paper form, shall be signed by the physician and shall be placed in the patient's medical record. When the signature of the surrogate or a responsible party is on a separate copy of the form, the original form shall indicate in the appropriate signature field that the signature is attached. Effective: June 24, 2015 History: Created 2015 Ky. Acts ch. 3, sec. 2, effective June 24, 2015. Legislative Research Commission Note (6/24/2015). During codification, the Reviser of Statutes has changed the numbering of subparagraphs within paragraphs (d) and (e) of subsection (1) of this statute from the way it appeared in 2015 Ky. Acts ch. 3, sec. 2.

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