2022 Indiana Code
Title 29. Probate
Article 1. Probate Code
Chapter 14. Claims Against the Estate
29-1-14-17. Personal Representative Claims
Sec. 17. (a) Whenever a claim in favor of a personal representative against the estate the personal representative represents that accrued before the death of the decedent is filed against an estate, with the affidavit of the claimant attached, the claim shall not be acted upon by the personal representative unless all interested persons who would be affected by the allowance of the claim consent in writing to it. If all interested persons do not consent to the payment of that claim, the judge shall appoint a special personal representative who shall examine the nature of the claim. If the special personal representative determines that the claim is just, the special personal representative shall allow the claim. If the special personal representative believes it is in the best interests of the estate to oppose the claim, the special personal representative may:
(1) employ counsel to represent the special personal representative;
(2) disallow the claim; and
(3) ask the court to set the claim for trial.
The special personal representative and the special personal representative's counsel shall be paid out of the estate fees for services that the court determines reasonable and appropriate.
(b) Claims of personal representatives shall not be deemed civil actions or proceedings for the purpose of determining court costs, unless the court arranges for active opposition provided in this section.
Formerly: Acts 1953, c.112, s.1417. As amended by Acts 1978, P.L.132, SEC.8; P.L.118-1997, SEC.22.