2018 Indiana Code
TITLE 6. Taxation
ARTICLE 1.1. PROPERTY TAXES
CHAPTER 12. Assessed Value Deductions and Deduction Procedures
6-1.1-12-26.2. Property tax deduction for heritage barns
Sec. 26.2. (a) The following definitions apply throughout this section:
(1) "Barn" means a building (other than a dwelling) that was designed to be used for:
(A) housing animals;
(B) storing or processing crops;
(C) storing and maintaining agricultural equipment; or
(D) serving an essential or useful purpose related to agricultural activities conducted on the adjacent land.
(2) "Heritage barn" means a mortise and tenon barn that on the assessment date:
(A) was constructed before 1950; and
(B) retains sufficient integrity of design, materials, and construction to clearly identify the building as a barn.
(3) "Eligible applicant" means:
(A) an owner of a heritage barn; or
(B) a person that is purchasing property, including a heritage barn, under a contract that:
(i) gives the person a right to obtain title to the property upon fulfilling the terms of the contract;
(ii) does not permit the owner to terminate the contract as long as the person buying the property complies with the terms of the contract;
(iii) specifies that during the term of the contract the person must pay the property taxes on the property; and
(iv) has been recorded with the county recorder.
(4) "Mortise and tenon barn" means a barn that was built using heavy wooden timbers, joined together with wood-pegged mortise and tenon joinery, that form an exposed structural frame.
(b) An eligible applicant is entitled to a deduction against the assessed value of the structure and foundation of a heritage barn beginning with assessments after 2014. The deduction is equal to one hundred percent (100%) of the assessed value of the structure and foundation of the heritage barn.
(c) An eligible applicant that desires to obtain the deduction provided by this section must file a certified deduction application with the auditor of the county in which the heritage barn is located. The application may be filed in person or by mail. The application must contain the information and be in the form prescribed by the department of local government finance. If mailed, the mailing must be postmarked on or before the last day for filing.
(d) Subject to subsection (e) and section 45 of this chapter, the application must be filed during the year preceding the year in which the deduction will first be applied. Upon verification of the application and that the barn was constructed before 1950 by the county assessor of the county in which the property is subject to assessment or by the township assessor of the township in which the property is subject to assessment (if there is a township assessor for the township), the auditor of the county shall allow the deduction.
(e) The auditor of a county shall, in a particular year, apply the deduction provided under this section to the heritage barn of the owner that received the deduction in the preceding year unless the auditor of the county determines that the property is no longer eligible for the deduction because the barn was not constructed before 1950. A person that receives a deduction under this section in a particular year and that remains eligible for the deduction in the following year is not required to file an application for the deduction in the following year. A person that receives a deduction under this section in a particular year and that becomes ineligible for the deduction in the following year shall notify the auditor of the county in which the property is located of the ineligibility in the year in which the person becomes ineligible. A deduction under this section terminates following a change in ownership of the heritage barn. However, a deduction under this section does not terminate following the removal of less than all the joint owners of property or purchasers of property under a contract described in subsection (a).
(f) A county fiscal body may adopt an ordinance to require a person receiving the deduction under this section to pay an annual public safety fee for each heritage barn for which the person receives a deduction under this section. The fee may not exceed fifty dollars ($50). The county auditor shall distribute any public safety fees collected under this section equitably among the police and fire departments in whose territories each heritage barn is located. If a county fiscal body adopts an ordinance under this subsection, the county fiscal body shall furnish a copy of the ordinance to the department in the manner prescribed by the department.
As added by P.L.117-2014, SEC.4. Amended by P.L.202-2016, SEC.6.