2017 Indiana Code
TITLE 35. Criminal Law and Procedure
ARTICLE 33. PRELIMINARY PROCEEDINGS
CHAPTER 10. Securing Attendance of Defendants and Uniform Extradition Act
35-33-10-3. Uniform Criminal Extradition Act
Sec. 3. (1) Where appearing in this section, the term "governor" includes any person performing the functions of governor by authority of the law of this state. The term "executive authority" includes the governor and any person performing the functions of governor in a state other than this state. The term "state", referring to a state other than this state, refers to any other state or territory, organized or unorganized, of the United States of America.
(2) Subject to the qualifications of this section and the provisions of the Constitution of the United States controlling, and acts of congress in pursuance thereof, it is the duty of the governor of this state to have arrested and delivered up to the executive authority of any other state of the United States any person charged in that state with treason, a felony, or other crime who has fled from justice and is found in this state.
(3) No demand for the extradition of a person charged with crime in another state shall be recognized by the governor unless in writing and accompanied by a copy of an indictment found or by an information supported by affidavit in the state having jurisdiction of the crime, or by a copy of an affidavit made before a magistrate there, together with a copy of any warrant which was issued thereon. The indictment, information, or affidavit made before the magistrate must substantially charge the person demanded with having committed a crime under the law of that state; and the copy must be authenticated by the executive authority making the demand, which shall be prima facie evidence of its truth.
(4) When a demand shall be made upon the governor of this state by the executive authority of another state for the surrender of a person so charged with crime, the governor may call upon the attorney general or any prosecuting officer in this state to investigate or assist in investigating the demand, and to report to him the situation and circumstances of the person so demanded, and whether he ought to be surrendered.
(5) A warrant of extradition shall not be issued unless the documents presented by the executive authority making the demand show that:
(a) except in cases arising under subsection 7 of this section, the accused was present in the demanding state at the time of the commission of the alleged crime, and thereafter fled from the state;
(b) the accused is now in this state; and
(c) he is lawfully charged by indictment found or by information filed by a prosecuting officer and supported by affidavit to the facts, or by affidavit made before a magistrate in that state, with having committed a crime under the laws of that state, or that he has been convicted of a crime in that state and has escaped from confinement or has broken the terms of his bail, probation, or parole, or that the sentence or some portion of it otherwise remains unexecuted and that the person claimed has not been discharged or otherwise released from the sentence.
(6) When it is desired to have returned to this state a person charged in this state with a crime, and such person is imprisoned or is held under criminal proceedings then pending against him in another state, the governor of this state may agree with the executive authority of such other state for the extradition of such person before the conclusion of such proceedings or his term of sentence in such other state, upon condition that such person be returned to such other state at the expense of this state as soon as the prosecution in this state is terminated. The governor of this state may also surrender on demand of the executive authority of any other state any person in this state who is charged in the manner provided in subsection 24 of this section with having violated the laws of the state whose executive authority is making the demand, even though such person left the demanding state involuntarily.
(7) The governor of this state may also surrender, on demand of the executive authority of any other state, any person in this state charged in such other state in the manner provided in subsection 5 of this section with committing an act in this state, or in a third state, intentionally resulting in a crime in the state whose executive authority is making the demand; and the provisions of this section not otherwise inconsistent shall apply to such cases, notwithstanding that the accused was not in that state at the time of the commission of the crime and has not fled therefrom.
(8) If the governor shall decide that the demand should be complied with, he shall sign a warrant of arrest, which shall be sealed with the state seal, and be directed to a sheriff, marshal, coroner, or other person whom he may think fit to entrust with the execution thereof; and the warrant must substantially recite the facts necessary to the validity of its issue.
(9) Such warrant shall authorize the officer or other person to whom directed to arrest the accused at any place where he may be found within the state, to command the aid of all sheriffs and law enforcement officers in the execution of the warrant, and to deliver the accused subject to the provision of this section, to the duly authorized agent of the demanding state.
(10) Every such officer or other person empowered to make the arrest shall have the same authority in arresting the accused to command assistance therein, as sheriffs and other officers have by law in the execution of any criminal process directed to them, with the like penalties against those who refuse their assistance.
(11) No person arrested upon such warrant shall be delivered over to the agent whom the executive authority demanding him shall have appointed to receive him unless he has been informed of the demand made for his surrender, of the crime with which he is charged and that he has the right to demand legal counsel; and if the prisoner, his friends, or counsel shall state that he or they desire to test the legality of the arrest, the prisoner shall be taken forthwith before a judge of a court of record in this state who shall fix a reasonable time to be allowed him within which to apply for a writ of habeas corpus. And when such writ is applied for, notice thereof, and of the time and place of hearing thereon, shall be given to the public prosecuting officer of the county in which the arrest is made and in which the accused is in custody and to the said agent of the demanding state.
(12) An officer who recklessly delivers to the agent for extradition of the demanding state a person in his custody under the governor's warrant in disobedience to subsection 11 of this section commits a Class B misdemeanor.
(13) The officer or person executing the governor's warrant of arrest, or the agent of the demanding state to whom the prisoner may have been delivered, may, when necessary, confine the prisoner in the jail of any county or city through which he may pass; and the keeper of such jail must receive and safely keep the prisoner until the person having charge of him is ready to proceed on his route, such person being chargeable with the expense of keeping.
(14) Whenever any person within this state shall be charged on the oath of any credible person before any judge of this state with the commission of a crime in any other state, and, except in cases arising under subsection 7 of this section, with having fled from justice, or whenever complaint shall have been made before any judge in this state setting forth on the affidavit of any credible person in another state that a treason or felony has been committed in such other state and that the accused has been charged in such state with the commission of the treason or felony, and, except in cases arising under subsection 7 of this section, has fled therefrom and is believed to have been found in this state, the judge shall issue a warrant directed to the sheriff of the county in which the oath or complaint is filed directing him to apprehend the person charged, wherever he may be found in this state, and bring him before the same or any other judge, who may be convenient of access to the place where the arrest may be made, to answer the charge or complaint and affidavit. A certified copy of the sworn charge or complaint and affidavit upon which the warrant is issued shall be attached to the warrant.
(15) The arrest of a person may be lawfully made also by an officer or a private citizen without a warrant upon reasonable information that the accused stands charged in the courts of another state with a crime punishable by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding one (1) year; but when so arrested the accused must be taken before a judge with all practicable speed, and complaint must be made against him under oath setting forth the ground for the arrest as in the last preceding subsection; and thereafter his answer shall be heard as if he has been arrested on warrant.
(16) If from the examination before the judge, it appears that the person held is the person charged with having committed the crime alleged and that he probably committed the crime, and, except in cases arising under subsection 7 of this section, that he has fled from justice, the judge shall commit him to jail by a warrant reciting the accusation for such time specified in the warrant as will enable the arrest of the accused to be made under a warrant of the governor on a requisition of the executive authority of the state having jurisdiction of the offense, unless the accused gives bail as provided in subsection 17 of this section, or until he shall be legally discharged.
(17) Unless the offense with which the prisoner is charged is shown to be an offense punishable by death or life imprisonment under the laws of the state in which it was committed, the judge must admit the person arrested to bail by bond or undertaking, with sufficient sureties, and in such sum as he deems proper, for his appearance before him at a time specified in such bond or undertaking, and for his surrender, to be arrested upon the warrant of the governor of this state. The prisoner shall not be admitted to bail after issuance of a warrant by the governor of this state.
(18) If the accused is not yet arrested under warrant of the governor by the expiration of the time specified in the warrant, bond, or undertaking, the judge may discharge him or may recommit him to a further day, or may again take bail for his appearance and surrender, as provided in subsection 17 of this section; and at the expiration of the second period of commitment, or if he has been bailed and appeared according to the terms of his bond or undertaking, the judge may either discharge him, or may require him to enter into a new bond or undertaking, to appear and surrender himself at another day.
(19) If the prisoner is admitted to bail and fails to appear and surrender himself according to the conditions of his bond, the court, by proper order, shall declare the bond forfeited; and recovery may be had thereon in the name of the state as in the case of other bonds or undertakings given by the accused in criminal proceedings within this state.
(20) If a criminal prosecution has been instituted against such person under the laws of this state and is still pending, the governor at his discretion either may surrender him on the demand of the executive authority of another state or may hold him until he has been tried and discharged, or convicted and punished in this state.
(21) The guilt or innocence of the accused as to the crime of which he is charged may not be inquired into by the governor or in any proceedings after the demand for extradition accompanied by a charge of crime in legal form as above provided shall have been presented to the governor, except as it may be involved in identifying the person held as the person charged with the crime.
(22) The governor may recall his warrant of arrest or may issue another warrant whenever he deems proper.
(23) Whenever the governor of this state shall demand a person charged with a crime in this state from the chief executive of any other state or from the chief justice or an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia authorized to receive such demand under the laws of the United States, he shall issue a warrant under the seal of this state to some agent commanding him to receive the person so charged if delivered to him and convey him to the proper officer of the county in this state in which the offense was committed.
(24) When the return to this state of a person charged with a crime in this state is required, the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the offense is committed shall present to the governor his written application for a requisition for the return of the person charged, in which application shall be stated the name of the person so charged, the crime charged against him, the approximate time, place, and circumstances of its committal, the state in which he is believed to be, including the location of the accused therein at the time the application is made, and certifying that in the opinion of the said prosecuting attorney the ends of justice require the arrest and return of the accused to this state for trial, and that the proceeding is not instituted to enforce a private claim. The application shall be verified by affidavit, shall be executed in triplicate, and shall be accompanied by three (3) certified copies of the indictment returned, or information and affidavit filed, or of the complaint made to the magistrate, stating the offense with which the accused is charged. The prosecuting attorney may also attach such further affidavits and other documents in triplicate as he shall deem proper to be submitted with such application. One (1) copy of the application with the action of the governor indicated by the endorsement thereon and one (1) of the certified copies of the indictment or complaint or information and affidavit shall be filed in the office of the secretary of state to remain of record in that office. The other copies of all papers shall be forwarded with the governor's requisition.
(25) The expenses shall be paid out of the general fund of the county treasury of the county wherein the crime is alleged to have been committed. The expenses shall be the fees paid to the officers of the state on whose governor the requisition is made, as now provided by law, for all necessary travel in returning such prisoner.
(26) A person brought into this state on extradition based on a criminal charge shall not be subject to service of personal process in civil actions arising out of the same facts as the criminal proceeding to answer for which he is returned until he has been convicted in the criminal proceeding, or if acquitted, until he has had ample opportunity to return to the state from which he was extradited.
(27) After a person has been brought back to this state upon extradition proceedings, he may be tried in this state for other crimes which he may be charged with having committed here, as well as that specified in the requisition for his extradition.
(28) This section shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
(29) Nothing in this section contained shall be deemed to constitute a waiver by the state of its right, power, or privilege to regain custody of such person by extradition proceedings or otherwise for the purpose of trial, sentence, or punishment for any crime committed within this state, nor shall any proceedings had under this section which result in, or fail to result in, extradition be deemed a waiver by this state of any of its rights, privileges, or jurisdiction in any way whatsoever.
(30) This section may be cited as the Uniform Criminal Extradition Act.
As added by Acts 1981, P.L.298, SEC.2. Amended by P.L.178-1984, SEC.1.