2020 Illinois Compiled Statutes
Chapter 415 - ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
415 ILCS 15/ - Solid Waste Planning and Recycling Act.
(415 ILCS 15/1) (from Ch. 85, par. 5951)
Sec. 1. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the Solid Waste Planning and Recycling Act.
(Source: P.A. 85-1198.)
(415 ILCS 15/2) (from Ch. 85, par. 5952)
Sec. 2. (a) The General Assembly finds:
- (1) that parts of this State have inadequate and rapidly diminishing disposal capacity for municipal waste;
- (2) that counties should have the primary responsibility to plan for the management of municipal waste within their boundaries to insure the timely development of needed waste management facilities and programs;
- (3) that waste reduction and recycling are preferable to the disposal of municipal waste;
- (4) that removing certain materials from the municipal waste stream will decrease the flow of waste to sanitary landfills, aid in the conservation and recovery of valuable resources, conserve energy in the manufacturing process, increase the supply of reusable materials for the State's industries, and reduce substantially the need for municipal waste incineration facilities and contribute to their overall combustion efficiency, thereby resulting in a significant cost savings in the planning, construction and operation of these facilities; and
- (5) that solid waste planning should be encouraged to take place on a multi-county, regional basis and through inter-governmental cooperation agreements whereby various units of local government within a region determine the best methods and locations for disposal of solid waste. This amendatory Act of 1992 shall not be construed to impact the authority of units of local government in the siting of solid waste disposal facilities.
(b) It is the purpose of this Act to provide incentives for decreased generation of municipal waste, to require certain counties to develop comprehensive waste management plans that place substantial emphasis on recycling and other alternatives to landfills, to encourage municipal recycling and source reduction, and to promote composting of yard waste.
(Source: P.A. 87-330; 87-906.)
(415 ILCS 15/3) (from Ch. 85, par. 5953)
Sec. 3. As used in this Act, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Agency" means the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
"Composting" means the biological process by which microorganisms decompose the organic fraction of waste, producing a humus-like material that may be used as a soil conditioner.
"County" means any county of the State and includes the City of Chicago.
"Department" means the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity.
"Municipal waste" means garbage, general household, institutional and commercial waste, industrial lunchroom or office waste, landscape waste, and construction and demolition debris.
"Person" means any individual, partnership, cooperative enterprise, unit of local government, institution, corporation or agency, or any other legal entity whatsoever which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties.
"Recycling, reclamation or reuse" means a method, technique or process designed to remove any contaminant from waste so as to render the waste reusable, or any process by which materials that would otherwise be disposed of or discarded are collected, separated or processed and returned to the economic mainstream in the form of raw materials or products.
"Recycling center" means a facility that accepts only segregated, nonhazardous, nonspecial, homogeneous, nonputrescible materials, such as dry paper, glass, cans or plastics, for subsequent use in the secondary materials market.
(Source: P.A. 94-793, eff. 5-19-06.)
(415 ILCS 15/4) (from Ch. 85, par. 5954)
Sec. 4. (a) By March 1, 1991, each county with a population of 100,000 or more and each municipality with a population of 1,000,000 or more, and by March 1, 1995, each county with a population of less than 100,000, shall submit to the Agency an officially adopted plan for the management of municipal waste generated within its boundaries. Such plan shall conform with the waste management hierarchy established as State policy in subsection (b) of Section 2 of the Illinois Solid Waste Management Act.
(b) The Agency shall review each county waste management plan to ensure consistency with the requirements of this Act and, if warranted, return it to the county with specific recommendations for improving the plan within 90 days after the plan is submitted. If the plan is returned, the county shall consider the Agency recommendations, make any appropriate revisions, and adopt a revised plan by September 1, 1991, or by September 1, 1995 in the case of a county with a population of less than 100,000.
(c) Each waste management plan shall contain, at a minimum, the following provisions:
(1) A description of the origin, content and weight or volume of municipal waste currently generated within the county's boundaries, and the origin, content, and weight or volume of municipal waste that will be generated within the county's boundaries during the next 20 years, including an assessment of the primary variables affecting this estimate and the extent to which they can reasonably be expected to occur.
(2) A description of the facilities where municipal waste is currently being processed or disposed of and the remaining available permitted capacity of such facilities.
(3) A description of the facilities and programs that are proposed for the management of municipal waste generated within the county's boundaries during the next 20 years, including, but not limited to their size, expected cost and financing method.
(4) An evaluation of the environmental, energy, life cycle cost and economic advantages and disadvantages of the proposed waste management facilities and programs.
(5) A description of the time schedule for the development and operation of each proposed facility or program.
(6) The identity of potential sites within the county where each proposed waste processing, disposal and recycling program will be located or an explanation of how the sites will be chosen. For any facility outside the county that the county proposes to utilize, the plan shall explain the reasons for selecting such facility.
(7) The identity of the governmental entity that will be responsible for implementing the plan on behalf of the county and explanation of the legal basis for the entity's authority to do so.
(8) Any other information that the Agency may require.
(d) Any county may delegate power to a municipality within the county or Municipal Joint Action Agency for the specific purpose of preparing the waste management plan or any portion thereof under this Act.
(e) Counties may, by intergovernmental agreement, jointly create and administer their solid waste management plans, provided that such joint plans fulfill all the requirements of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-228.)
(415 ILCS 15/4.5)
(Section scheduled to be repealed on July 1, 2022)
Sec. 4.5. Statewide Materials Management Advisory Committee; Report.
(a) The Statewide Materials Management Advisory Committee is hereby created.
(b) The Advisory Committee shall:
- (1) investigate and provide recommendations for expanding waste reduction, recycling, reuse, and composting in Illinois in a manner that protects the environment, as well as public health and safety, and promotes economic development;
- (2) investigate and provide recommendations for the form and contents of county waste management plans adopted under this Act; and
- (3) prepare a report as required under Section 4.6 of this Act.
(c) The Advisory Committee shall be composed of the following:
- (1) The Director of the Agency, or his or her designee, who shall serve as an ex officio and nonvoting member.
- (2) 25 voting members appointed by the Director of the Agency, as follows:
- (A) one member representing a municipality with a population of more than 1,000,000;
- (B) one member representing a county with a population of more than 1,000,000;
- (C) two members representing counties with a population of at least 200,000 but not more than 1,000,000;
- (D) two members representing counties with a population of at least 85,000 but not more than 200,000;
- (E) two members representing counties with a population of less than 85,000;
- (F) two members representing the solid waste management industry;
- (G) two members representing the recycling industry;
- (H) two members representing providers of general construction and demolition debris recycling services;
- (I) two members representing environmental interest groups;
- (J) two members representing manufacturers in the State;
- (K) two members representing retailers in the State;
- (L) two members representing producers of compost; and
- (M) three members representing producers of end products generated through recycling.
(d) The Director of the Agency shall appoint all members of the Advisory Committee by no later than January 1, 2020.
(e) The initial meeting of the Advisory Committee shall be convened by the Director of the Agency, or his or her designee, no later than March 1, 2020. At the initial meeting, the voting members shall select co-chairs. Subsequent meetings shall convene at the call of the co-chairs.
(f) A simple majority of those appointed shall constitute a quorum. The affirmative vote of a majority of those present and voting shall be necessary for Advisory Committee action.
(g) Members of the Advisory Committee shall receive no compensation for their services.
(h) The Agency shall provide administrative assistance and technical support to the Advisory Committee. The Agency may obtain assistance from outside experts to assist in preparation of the Plan. Funding for the Plan and assistance from outside experts shall be obtained from the Solid Waste Management Fund.
(i) On or before July 1, 2021, the Advisory Committee shall prepare and submit a report to the General Assembly summarizing its work.
(j) The report shall include, at a minimum, the following information:
- (1) an estimate of the amount and composition of waste generated annually in Illinois with 2018 as the base year;
- (2) an estimate of the amount of waste disposed of annually in Illinois with 2018 as the base year;
- (3) an estimate of the amount of material diverted from landfills annually in Illinois with 2018 as the base year;
- (4) an analysis of the markets available for materials diverted from Illinois landfills;
- (5) recommended materials in the municipal waste stream that could be targeted to maximize waste diversion;
- (6) recommended actions that could be taken to increase landfill diversion rates and the costs associated with those actions;
- (7) recommended education and public outreach programs that could maximize waste diversion;
- (8) recommended diversion rates that are achievable by 2025, 2030, and 2035; and
- (9) a database and map of permitted facilities, including, but not limited to, landfills, garbage transfer stations, landscape waste transfer stations, construction and demolition debris recycling facilities, recycling facilities, compost sites, and scrap metal recycling facilities.
(k) In addition, the report shall also include, at a minimum, the following recommendations for waste management plans required under this Act:
- (1) recommended elements for counties to include in waste management plans required under this Act;
- (2) a recommended standard methodology for counties to use to determine the annual waste generation rate in the county;
- (3) a recommended standard methodology for counties to use to determine the annual disposal rate in the county;
- (4) a recommended standard methodology for counties to use to determine the annual diversion rate in the county;
- (5) recommended standard actions that can be taken by counties to increase landfill diversion rates;
- (6) recommended education and public outreach programs that could maximize waste diversion within the county; and
- (7) recommended standard content for waste management plans required under this Act.
(l) The report may include a list of nonpermitted facilities that are involved in waste disposal, materials recycling, or composting.
(m) This Section is repealed on July 1, 2022.
(Source: P.A. 101-74, eff. 7-12-19.)
(415 ILCS 15/5) (from Ch. 85, par. 5955)
Sec. 5. (a) Prior to adopting a waste management plan for submission to the Agency, the county shall form an advisory committee, which shall include representatives from municipalities within the county, citizen organizations, industry, the private solid waste management industry operating within the county, local recyclers and any other persons deemed appropriate by the county. The advisory committee shall review the plan during its preparation, make suggestions and propose any changes it believes appropriate.
(b) The county shall provide written notice to all municipalities and interested members of the public when plan development begins and shall provide periodic written progress reports to such entities concerning the preparation of the plan.
(c) Prior to adoption by the governing body of the county, the county shall submit copies of the proposed plan for review and comment to the Agency, all municipalities within the county, all areawide planning agencies and the county health department. The county shall also make the proposed plan available for public review and comment. The period for review and comment shall be 90 days. The county shall hold at least one public hearing on the proposed plan during this period. The plan subsequently submitted to the governing body of the county for adoption shall be accompanied by a document containing written responses to substantive comments made during the comment period.
(d) The governing body of the county shall adopt a plan within 60 days from the end of the public comment period. Within 10 days of adoption, the plan shall be submitted to the Agency for review.
(e) Each county waste management plan shall be updated and reviewed every 5 years, and any necessary or appropriate revisions shall be submitted to the Agency for review and comment.
(Source: P.A. 89-443, eff. 7-1-96.)
(415 ILCS 15/6) (from Ch. 85, par. 5956)
Sec. 6. Each county waste management plan adopted under Section 4 shall include a recycling program. Such recycling program:
(1) shall be implemented throughout the county and include a time schedule for implementation of the program.
(2) shall provide for the designation of a recycling coordinator to administer the program.
(3) shall be designed to recycle, by the end of the third and fifth years of the program, respectively 15% and 25% of the municipal waste generated in the county, subject to the existence of a viable market for the recycled material, based on measurements of recycling and waste generated in terms of weight. The determination of recycling rate shall not include: discarded motor vehicles, wastes used for clean fill or erosion control, or commercial, institutional or industrial machinery or equipment.
(4) may provide for the construction and operation of one or more recycling centers by a unit of local government, or for contracting with other public or private entities for the operation of recycling centers.
(5) may require residents of the county to separate recyclable materials at the time of disposal or trash pick-up.
(6) may make special provision for commercial and institutional establishments that implement their own specialized recycling programs, provided that such establishments annually provide written documentation to the county of the total number of tons of material recycled.
(7) shall provide for separate collection and composting of leaves.
(8) shall include public education and notification programs to foster understanding of and encourage compliance with the recycling program.
(9) shall include provisions for compliance, including incentives and penalties.
(10) shall include provisions for (i) recycling the collected materials, (ii) identifying potential markets for at least 3 recyclable materials, and (iii) promoting the use of products made from recovered or recycled materials among businesses, newspapers and local governments in the county.
(11) may provide for the payment of recycling diversion credits to public and private parties engaged in recycling activities.
(Source: P.A. 86-777; 87-650.)
(415 ILCS 15/7) (from Ch. 85, par. 5957)
Sec. 7. (a) Each county shall begin implementation of its waste management plan, including the recycling program, within one year of adoption of the plan. The county may enter into written agreements with other persons, including a municipality or persons transporting municipal waste on the effective date of this Act, pursuant to which the persons undertake to fulfill some or all of the county's responsibilities under this Act. A person who enters into an agreement shall be responsible with the county for the implementation of such programs.
(b) In implementing the recycling program, consideration for the collection, marketing and disposition of recyclable materials shall be given to persons engaged in the business of recycling within the county on the effective date of this Act, whether or not the persons were operating for profit.
If a township within the county is operating a recycling program on the effective date of the plan which substantially conforms with or exceeds the requirements of the recycling program included in the plan, the township may continue to operate its recycling program, and such operation shall constitute, within the township, implementation of the recycling program included in the plan. A township may at any time adopt and implement a recycling program that is more stringent than that required by the county waste management plan.
(c) The Department shall assist counties in implementing recycling programs under this Act, and may, pursuant to appropriation, make grants and loans from the Solid Waste Management Fund to counties or other units of local government for that purpose, to be used for capital assistance or for the payment of recycling diversion credits or for other recycling program purposes, in accordance with such guidelines as may be adopted by the Department.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11.)
(415 ILCS 15/8)
Sec. 8. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 86-256. Repealed by P.A. 100-621, eff. 7-20-18.)
(415 ILCS 15/8.5)
Sec. 8.5. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 88-60. Repealed by P.A. 100-621, eff. 7-20-18.)
(415 ILCS 15/9) (from Ch. 85, par. 5959)
Sec. 9. Any county or municipality may, by ordinance, provide that no sanitary landfill facility located within the unincorporated area, if a county, or the incorporated area, if a municipality, may accept for final disposal at any time truckloads composed primarily of leaves generated within the county in which the facility is located, except that leaves separated at the source from other municipal waste may be accepted by a sanitary landfill facility in those instances where the facility has provided and maintains for that purpose separate composting facilities, and the composted leaves are utilized either as part of the final vegetative cover for the landfill, or for other uses as a soil conditioning material.
(Source: P.A. 86-456.)
(415 ILCS 15/9.5)
Sec. 9.5. Regulation of certain pollution control facilities. No provision of this Act shall be construed to allow any county with a population of less than 2,000,000 residents to adopt an ordinance or resolution, except an ordinance or resolution adopting a county plan in accordance with Sections 4 and 5 of this Act, or implementing a county plan in accordance with Section 7 of this Act, that requires the issuance of a permit, or that imposes regulations upon the operations of a municipal solid waste landfill unit, sanitary landfill, storage site, transfer station, or waste disposal site, as long as the facility obtains appropriate permits from the Agency in accordance with Section 39 of the Environmental Protection Act. Nothing in this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly shall be construed to diminish or impair any authority conferred upon a county under the Environmental Protection Act, including, but not limited to, subsection (r) of Section 4 and Section 39.2 of the Environmental Protection Act.
Nothing in this amendatory Act of the 100th General Assembly shall be construed to limit the authority of a county to prepare or adopt a county plan pursuant to and in accordance with Sections 4 and 5 of this Act, to implement a county plan in accordance with Section 7 of this Act, or to relieve a facility proposed for siting approval from demonstrating consistency with that plan as required by criterion (viii) of subsection (a) of Section 39.2 of the Environmental Protection Act.
For the purposes of this Section, "municipal solid waste landfill unit", "sanitary landfill", "storage site", "transfer station", and "waste disposal site" have the meanings provided to those terms in the Environmental Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 100-95, eff. 8-11-17.)
(415 ILCS 15/10) (from Ch. 85, par. 5960)
Sec. 10. Beginning January 1, 1992, no person shall offer for sale any single use plastic bottle with a capacity of 16 fluid ounces or more, nor any other single use rigid plastic container with a capacity of 8 fluid ounces or more, that is not coded in a manner that assists recyclers in sorting such containers by resin composition. The code shall consist of a 3-sided triangular arrow with a number in the center and letters underneath. The number and letters shall indicate the resin from which the container is made as follows: 1 and PETE for polyethylene terephthalate, 2 and HDPE for high density polyethylene, 3 and V for vinyl, 4 and LDPE for low density polyethylene, 5 and PP for polypropylene, 6 and PS for polystyrene, and 7 and Other for other materials, including multi-layer materials. Containers with labels or base cups of different material shall be coded by their primary, basic material. However, this Section does not apply to the plastic casings on lead-acid storage batteries.
(Source: P.A. 86-177; 87-650.)
(415 ILCS 15/10.1) (from Ch. 85, par. 5960.1)
Sec. 10.1. (a) No person may sell or offer for sale at retail to consumers in this State any beverage packaged in a plastic can unless such person has first demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Agency that:
(1) plastic cans can be collected and recycled in a manner that will not interfere with the processing of scrap aluminum cans; and
(2) plastic cans can be collected, processed and transported to secondary materials markets at a cost that provides a reasonable profit to recycling operations in the State.
(b) For the purpose of this Section, "plastic can" means a beverage container having a capacity of 16 fluid ounces or less, composed of clear polyethylene terephthalate thermoplastic, and where the basic structure of the container, exclusive of the closure, also includes aluminum or steel.
(c) Any person adversely affected or threatened by a final determination of the Agency under this Section may obtain review by filing a petition for review with the Pollution Control Board in the manner provided for permit appeals in the Environmental Protection Act.
(d) Any person that knowingly violates this Section shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for each violation; such penalty may, upon order of a court of competent jurisdiction, be made payable to the Solid Waste Management Fund, to be used in accordance with the provisions of the Illinois Solid Waste Management Act.
The State's Attorney or any person of the county in which the violation occurred, or the Attorney General, at the request of the Agency or on his own motion, may institute a civil action against any violator of this Section. The court may award costs and reasonable attorney fees to the State's Attorney, Attorney General, or other person who has prevailed against a person who has committed a willful, knowing or repeated violation of this Section.
Any funds collected in a proceeding under this subsection (d) in which the Attorney General has prevailed shall be deposited in the Solid Waste Management Fund.
(Source: P.A. 86-774.)
(415 ILCS 15/11) (from Ch. 85, par. 5961)
Sec. 11. It shall be a violation of this Act for any person:
- (1) To cause or assist in the violation of Section 9 or 10 of this Act or any regulation promulgated hereunder.
- (2) To fail to adhere to the schedule set forth in, or pursuant to, this Act for adopting and reviewing a waste management plan.
- (3) To fail to implement the recycling component of an adopted waste management plan.
(Source: P.A. 100-863, eff. 8-14-18.)
(415 ILCS 15/12) (from Ch. 85, par. 5962)
Sec. 12. (a) Any person that violates any provision of this Act shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for such violation; such penalty may, upon order of a court of competent jurisdiction, be made payable to the Solid Waste Management Fund, to be used in accordance with the provisions of the Illinois Solid Waste Management Act.
(b) The State's Attorney or any person of the county in which the violation occurred, or the Attorney General, at the request of the Agency or on his own motion, may institute a civil action against any violator of this Act. The court may award costs and reasonable attorney fees to the State's Attorney, Attorney General, or any person who has prevailed against a person who has committed a willful, knowing or repeated violation of this Act.
(c) Any funds collected under subsection (b) in which the Attorney General has prevailed shall be deposited in the Solid Waste Management Fund.
(Source: P.A. 85-1198.)
(415 ILCS 15/13)
Sec. 13. Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act. This Act is subject to the provisions of the Solid Waste Hauling and Recycling Program Act.
(Source: P.A. 98-1079, eff. 8-26-14.)