2019 Illinois Compiled Statutes
Chapter 625 - VEHICLES
625 ILCS 5/ - Illinois Vehicle Code.
Chapter 16 - Enforcement, Penalties And Disposition Of Fines And Forfeitures, And Criminal Cases



(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 16 heading)

CHAPTER 16. ENFORCEMENT, PENALTIES AND DISPOSITION
OF FINES AND FORFEITURES, AND CRIMINAL CASES




(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 16 Art. I heading)

ARTICLE I. ENFORCEMENT, PENALTIES AND
DISPOSITION OF FINES AND FORFEITURES


(625 ILCS 5/16-101) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-101)
Sec. 16-101. Applicability. The provisions of this Chapter shall be applicable to the enforcement of this entire Code, except where another penalty is set forth in a specific Chapter which is applicable to that Chapter or a designated part or Section thereof.
(Source: P.A. 82-1011.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-102) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-102)
Sec. 16-102. Arrests - Investigations - Prosecutions.
(a) The State Police shall patrol the public highways and make arrests for violation of the provisions of this Act.
(b) The Secretary of State, through the investigators provided for in this Act shall investigate and report violations of the provisions of this Act in relation to the equipment and operation of vehicles as provided for in Section 2-115 and for such purposes these investigators have and may exercise throughout the State all of the powers of police officers.
(c) The State's Attorney of the county in which the violation occurs shall prosecute all violations except when the violation occurs within the corporate limits of a municipality, the municipal attorney may prosecute if written permission to do so is obtained from the State's Attorney.
(d) The State's Attorney of the county in which the violation occurs may not grant to the municipal attorney permission to prosecute if the offense charged is a felony under Section 11-501 of this Code. The municipality may, however, charge an offender with a municipal misdemeanor offense if the State's Attorney rejects or denies felony charges for the conduct that comprises the charge.
(Source: P.A. 94-111, eff. 1-1-06; 94-740, eff. 5-8-06.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-102.5)
Sec. 16-102.5. Enforcement by municipality.
(a) If a municipality adopts an ordinance similar to subsection (f) of Section 3-413 or Section 11-1304.5 of this Code, any person that a municipality designates to enforce ordinances regulating the standing or parking of vehicles shall have the authority to enforce the provisions of subsection (f) of Section 3-413 or Section 11-1304.5 of this Code or the similar local ordinance. However, the authority to enforce subsection (f) of Section 3-413 or Section 11-1304.5 of this Code or a similar local ordinance shall not be given to an appointed volunteer or private or public entity under contract to enforce person with disabilities parking laws.
(b) To enforce the provisions of subsection (f) of Section 3-413 or Section 11-1304.5 of this Code or a similar local ordinance, a municipality shall impose a fine not exceeding $25.
(Source: P.A. 90-513, eff. 8-22-97; 90-655, eff. 7-30-98; 91-487, eff. 1-1-00.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-103) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-103)
Sec. 16-103. Arrest outside county where violation committed.
Whenever a defendant is arrested upon a warrant charging a violation of this Act in a county other than that in which such warrant was issued, the arresting officer, immediately upon the request of the defendant, shall take such defendant before a circuit judge or associate circuit judge in the county in which the arrest was made who shall admit the defendant to bail for his appearance before the court named in the warrant. On taking such bail the circuit judge or associate circuit judge shall certify such fact on the warrant and deliver the warrant and undertaking of bail or other security, or the drivers license of such defendant if deposited, under the law relating to such licenses, in lieu of such security, to the officer having charge of the defendant. Such officer shall then immediately discharge the defendant from arrest and without delay deliver such warrant and such undertaking of bail, or other security or drivers license to the court before which the defendant is required to appear.
(Source: P.A. 77-1280.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-104) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-104)
Sec. 16-104. Penalties. Every person convicted of a violation of any provision of this Code for which another penalty is not provided shall, for a first or second conviction thereof, be guilty of a petty offense and, for a third or subsequent conviction within one year after the first conviction, be guilty of a Class C misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-104a) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-104a)
Sec. 16-104a. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 97-931, eff. 1-1-13. Repealed by P.A. 100-987, eff. 7-1-19.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-104b)
Sec. 16-104b. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 95-331, eff. 8-21-07. Repealed by P.A. 100-987, eff. 7-1-19.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-104c)
Sec. 16-104c. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 96-625, eff. 1-1-10. Repealed by P.A. 100-987, eff. 7-1-19.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-104d)
Sec. 16-104d. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 99-455, eff. 1-1-16. Repealed by P.A. 100-987, eff. 7-1-19.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-104d-1)
Sec. 16-104d-1. (Repealed).
(Source: P.A. 99-455, eff. 1-1-16. Repealed by P.A. 100-987, eff. 7-1-19.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-104e)
Sec. 16-104e. Minimum penalty for traffic offenses. Unless otherwise disposed of prior to a court appearance in the same matter under Supreme Court Rule 529, a person who, after a court appearance in the same matter, is found guilty of or pleads guilty to, including any person receiving a disposition of court supervision, a violation of this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance shall pay a fine that may not be waived. Nothing in this Section shall prevent the court from ordering that the fine be paid within a specified period of time or in installments under Section 5-9-1 of the Unified Code of Corrections.
(Source: P.A. 96-1462, eff. 1-1-11.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-105) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-105)
Sec. 16-105. Disposition of fines and forfeitures.
(a) Except as provided in Section 15-113 of this Act and except those amounts subject to disbursement by the circuit clerk under the Criminal and Traffic Assessment Act, fines and penalties recovered under the provisions of Chapters 3 through 17 and 18b inclusive of this Code shall be paid and used as follows:
1. For offenses committed upon a highway within the

limits of a city, village, or incorporated town or under the jurisdiction of any park district, to the treasurer of the particular city, village, incorporated town or park district, if the violator was arrested by the authorities of the city, village, incorporated town or park district, provided the police officers and officials of cities, villages, incorporated towns and park districts shall seasonably prosecute for all fines and penalties under this Code. If the violation is prosecuted by the authorities of the county, any fines or penalties recovered shall be paid to the county treasurer, except that fines and penalties recovered from violations arrested by the State Police shall be remitted to the State Police Law Enforcement Administration Fund. Provided further that if the violator was arrested by the State Police, fines and penalties recovered under the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 15-113 of this Code or paragraph (e) of Section 15-316 of this Code shall be paid over to the Department of State Police which shall thereupon remit the amount of the fines and penalties so received to the State Treasurer who shall deposit the amount so remitted in the special fund in the State treasury known as the Road Fund except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office and the balance shall be paid over to the Department of State Police for remittance to and deposit by the State Treasurer as hereinabove provided.

2. Except as provided in paragraph 4, for offenses

committed upon any highway outside the limits of a city, village, incorporated town or park district, to the county treasurer of the county where the offense was committed except if such offense was committed on a highway maintained by or under the supervision of a township, township district, or a road district to the Treasurer thereof for deposit in the road and bridge fund of such township or other district, except that fines and penalties recovered from violations arrested by the State Police shall be remitted to the State Police Law Enforcement Administration Fund; provided, that fines and penalties recovered under the provisions of paragraph (a) of Section 15-113, paragraph (d) of Section 3-401, or paragraph (e) of Section 15-316 of this Code shall be paid over to the Department of State Police which shall thereupon remit the amount of the fines and penalties so received to the State Treasurer who shall deposit the amount so remitted in the special fund in the State treasury known as the Road Fund except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office and the balance shall be paid over to the Department of State Police for remittance to and deposit by the State Treasurer as hereinabove provided.

3. Notwithstanding subsections 1 and 2 of this

paragraph, for violations of overweight and overload limits found in Sections 15-101 through 15-203 of this Code, which are committed upon the highways belonging to the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority, fines and penalties shall be paid over to the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority for deposit with the State Treasurer into that special fund known as the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority Fund, except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office and the balance shall be paid over to the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority for remittance to and deposit by the State Treasurer as hereinabove provided.

4. With regard to violations of overweight and

overload limits found in Sections 15-101 through 15-203 of this Code committed by operators of vehicles registered as Special Hauling Vehicles, for offenses committed upon a highway within the limits of a city, village, or incorporated town or under the jurisdiction of any park district, all fines and penalties shall be paid over or retained as required in paragraph 1. However, with regard to the above offenses committed by operators of vehicles registered as Special Hauling Vehicles upon any highway outside the limits of a city, village, incorporated town or park district, fines and penalties shall be paid over or retained by the entity having jurisdiction over the road or highway upon which the offense occurred, except that if the violation is prosecuted by the State's Attorney, 10% of the fine or penalty recovered shall be paid to the State's Attorney as a fee of his office.

(b) Failure, refusal or neglect on the part of any judicial or other officer or employee receiving or having custody of any such fine or forfeiture either before or after a deposit with the proper official as defined in paragraph (a) of this Section, shall constitute misconduct in office and shall be grounds for removal therefrom.
(Source: P.A. 100-987, eff. 7-1-19.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-105.5)
Sec. 16-105.5. Payment to municipality. All revenues derived from the issuance of citations for violations of subsection (f) of Section 3-413 of this Code or a similar local ordinance that are required to be paid to a municipality under this Code shall be deposited into the general fund of the municipality.
(Source: P.A. 90-513, eff. 8-22-97.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-106) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-106)
Sec. 16-106. For offenses committed under the provisions of this Act or the ordinances of any municipality, park district or county which involve the regulation of the ownership, use or operation of vehicles, the police officers and officials of such municipalities and park districts, and sheriffs shall, when issuing a traffic ticket, other citation, or Notice to Appear in lieu of either, in counties other than Cook, also issue written notice to the accused in substantially the following form:

AVOID MULTIPLE COURT APPEARANCES
If you intend to plead "not guilty" to this charge, or if, in addition, you intend to demand a trial by jury, so notify the clerk of the court at least 5 days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays or holidays) before the day set for your appearance. A new appearance date will be set, and arrangements will be made to have the arresting officer present on that new date. Failure to notify the clerk of either your intention to plead "not guilty" or your intention to demand a jury trial, may result in your having to return to court, if you plead "not guilty" on the date originally set for your court appearance. Upon timely receipt of notice that the accused intends to plead "not guilty", the clerk shall set a new appearance date not less than 7 days nor more than 49 days after the original appearance date set by the arresting officer, and notify all parties of the new date and the time for appearance. If the accused fails to notify the clerk as provided above, the arresting officer's failure to appear on the date originally set for appearance may, in counties other than Cook, be considered good cause for a continuance.
(Source: P.A. 81-781.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-106.3)
Sec. 16-106.3. Erroneous appearance date. In any case alleging a violation of this Code or similar local ordinance which would be chargeable as a misdemeanor, a case shall not be dismissed due to an error by the arresting officer or the clerk of the court, or both, in setting a person's first appearance date, subject to the right of speedy trial provided under Section 103-5 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963.
(Source: P.A. 96-694, eff. 1-1-10.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-106.5)
Sec. 16-106.5. Pilot project; notice of violation to owner.
(a) A pilot project is created that shall be in operation from January 1, 2002 through December 31, 2003 in the counties of DuPage, Kendall, and Sangamon. Under the pilot project, when a traffic citation is issued for a violation of this Code to a person who is under the age of 18 years, who is a resident of the county in which the traffic citation was issued, and who is not the registered owner of the vehicle named in the traffic citation, the circuit clerk of the county in which the traffic citation was issued shall, within 10 days after the traffic citation is filed with the circuit clerk, send notice of the issuance of the traffic citation to the registered owner of the vehicle. The notice must include:
(1) the date and time the violation was alleged to

have been committed;

(2) the location where the violation was alleged to

have been committed;

(3) the name of the person cited for committing the

alleged violation;

(4) the violation alleged to have been committed; and
(5) the date and time of any required court

appearance by the person cited for committing the alleged violation.

(b) On or before March 31, 2004, the Department of State Police shall report to the General Assembly on the effectiveness of the pilot project.
(Source: P.A. 92-344, eff. 8-10-01.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-107) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-107)
Sec. 16-107. Appearance of parent or guardian of minor in certain court proceedings - Judicial discretion.
(a) Whenever an unemancipated minor is required to appear in court pursuant to a citation for violation of any Section or any subsection of any Section of this Act specified in subsection (b) of this Section, the court may require that a parent or guardian of the minor accompany the minor and appear before the court with the minor, unless, in the discretion of the court, such appearance would be unreasonably burdensome under the circumstances.
(b) This Section shall apply whenever an unemancipated minor is charged with violation of any of the following Sections and subsections of this Act:
1) Sections 3-701, 3-702 and 3-703;
2) Sections 4-102, 4-103, 4-104 and 4-105;
3) Section 6-101, subsections (a), (b) and (c) of

Section 6-104, and Sections 6-113, 6-301, 6-302, 6-303 and 6-304;

4) Sections 11-203 and 11-204, subsection (b) of

Section 11-305, Sections 11-311, 11-312, 11-401, 11-402, 11-403, 11-404, 11-407, 11-409, 11-501, 11-502, 11-503, 11-504, 11-506, subsection (b) of Section 11-601, Sections 11-704, 11-707, 11-1007, 11-1403, 11-1404 and subsection (a) of Section 11-1414.

(Source: P.A. 95-310, eff. 1-1-08.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-108)
Sec. 16-108. Claims of diplomatic immunity.
(a) This Section applies only to an individual that displays to a police officer a driver's license issued by the U.S. Department of State or that otherwise claims immunities or privileges under Title 22, Chapter 6 of the United States Code with respect to the individual's violation of Section 9-3 or Section 9-3.2 of the Criminal Code of 2012 or his or her violation of a traffic regulation governing the movement of vehicles under this Code or a similar provision of a local ordinance.
(b) If a driver subject to this Section is stopped by a police officer that has probable cause to believe that the driver has committed a violation described in subsection (a) of this Section, the police officer shall:
(1) as soon as practicable contact the U.S.

Department of State office in order to verify the driver's status and immunity, if any;

(2) record all relevant information from any driver's

license or identification card, including a driver's license or identification card issued by the U.S. Department of State; and

(3) within 5 workdays after the date of the stop,

forward the following to the Secretary of State of Illinois:

(A) a vehicle accident report, if the driver was

involved in a vehicle accident;

(B) if a citation or charge was issued to the

driver, a copy of the citation or charge; and

(C) if a citation or charge was not issued to the

driver, a written report of the incident.

(c) Upon receiving material submitted under paragraph (3) of subsection (b) of this Section, the Secretary of State shall:
(1) file each vehicle accident report, citation or

charge, and incident report received;

(2) keep convenient records or make suitable

notations showing each:

(A) conviction;
(B) disposition of court supervision for any

violation of Section 11-501 of this Code; and

(C) vehicle accident; and
(3) send a copy of each document and record described

in paragraph (2) of this subsection (c) to the Bureau of Diplomatic Security, Office of Foreign Missions, of the U.S. Department of State.

(d) This Section does not prohibit or limit the application of any law to a criminal or motor vehicle violation by an individual who has or claims immunities or privileges under Title 22, Chapter 6 of the United States Code.
(Source: P.A. 97-1150, eff. 1-25-13.)




(625 ILCS 5/Ch. 16 Art. II heading)

ARTICLE II. PARTIES IN CRIMINAL CASES


(625 ILCS 5/16-201) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-201)
Sec. 16-201. Parties to a crime.
Every person who commits, attempts to commit, conspires to commit, or aids, or abets in the commission of any act declared to be a crime, whether individually or in connection with one or more other persons or as principal, agent or accessory, shall be guilty of such offense, and every person who falsely, fraudulently, forcibly, or wilfully induces, causes, coerces, requires, permits, or directs another to violate any provision of this Act is likewise guilty of such offense.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)


(625 ILCS 5/16-202) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 16-202)
Sec. 16-202. Offenses by persons owning or controlling vehicles. It is unlawful for the owner, or any other person, employing or otherwise directing the driver of any vehicle to require or knowingly to permit the operation of such vehicle upon a highway in any manner contrary to law.
(Source: P.A. 76-1586.)


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