2019 Illinois Compiled Statutes
Chapter 430 - PUBLIC SAFETY
430 ILCS 100/ - Illinois Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act.

(430 ILCS 100/1) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7701)
Sec. 1. Short title. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the "Illinois Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act".
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/2) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7702)
Sec. 2. Findings. The General Assembly finds that:
(1) The proliferation of hazardous substances in the environment poses a growing threat to the public health, safety and welfare; that the constantly increasing number and variety of hazardous substances, and the many routes of exposure to them, make it difficult and expensive to adequately monitor and detect any adverse health effects attributable thereto; that individuals themselves are often able to detect and to minimize effects of exposure to hazardous substances if they are aware of the identity of the substances and the early symptoms of unsafe exposure; and that individuals have an inherent right to know the full range of risks they face so that they can make reasoned decisions and take informed action concerning their employment and their living conditions.
(2) Local health, fire, police, safety and other governmental officials require detailed information about the identity, characteristics, and quantities of hazardous substances used and stored in communities within their jurisdictions, in order to adequately plan for, and respond to, emergencies, and enforce compliance with applicable laws and regulations concerning these substances.
(3) The extent of the toxic contamination of the air, water and land in this State has caused a high degree of concern among its residents; and that much of this concern is needlessly aggravated by the unfamiliarity of these substances to residents.
(4) It is in the public interest to establish a comprehensive program for the disclosure of information about hazardous substances in the workplace and the community, and to provide a procedure whereby residents of this State may gain access to this information.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/3) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7703)
Sec. 3. Definitions. As used in this Act:
"Administrator" means the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
"Environment" means water, air, and land and the interrelationship that exists among and between water, air, land, and all living things.
"Extremely hazardous substance" means the list of substances designated as extremely hazardous by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under 42 U.S.C. 11002(a), as now or hereafter amended.
"Facility" means all buildings, equipment, structures, and other stationary items that are located on a single site or on contiguous or adjacent sites and that are owned or operated by the same person (or by any person that controls, is controlled by, or under common control with, such person). For purposes of Section 304 of the Federal Act, the term includes motor vehicles, rolling stock, and aircraft.
"Federal Act" means Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-499).
"Hazardous chemical" means any hazardous chemical as defined under 29 U.S.C. 1910.1200, except that "hazardous chemical" does not include the following substances:
(1) Any food, food additive, color additive, drug or

cosmetic regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

(2) Any substance present as a solid in any

manufactured item to the extent that exposure to the substance does not occur under normal conditions of use.

(3) Any substance to the extent that it is used for

personal, family, or household purposes, or is present in the form and concentration of a product packaged for distribution and use by the general public.

(4) Any substance in a research laboratory or a

hospital or other medical facility under the direct supervision of a technically qualified individual.

(5) Any substance to the extent that it is used in

routine agricultural operations, and any fertilizer held for sale by a retailer to the ultimate customer.

"Hazardous substance" means a substance or mixture designated as hazardous by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under 42 U.S.C. 9601(14).
"IEMA" means the Illinois Emergency Management Agency.
"Local Emergency Planning Committee" or "LEPC" means the committee appointed by the SERC in accordance with Section 301(c) of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001 et seq.).
"Material Safety Data Sheet" or "MSDS" means a completed form recognized by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, equivalent manufacturer's literature, or another form containing substantially the same information pertaining to a specific hazardous chemical or a mixture containing one or more hazardous chemicals.
"Person" means any individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, corporation (including a government corporation), partnership, association, State, municipality, commission, political subdivision of a State, federal government, or interstate body.
"Release" means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, or disposing into the environment (including the abandonment or discarding of barrels, containers, and other closed receptacles) of any hazardous chemical, extremely hazardous chemical, or toxic chemical.
"Reportable quantity" is the quantity of an extremely hazardous substance or hazardous substance determined by USEPA under 42 U.S.C. 11002(a) and 42 U.S.C. 9602(a).
"State Emergency Response Commission" or "SERC" means the Illinois Emergency Management Agency as appointed by the Governor in accordance with Section 301 of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001 et seq.) to carry out all State responsibilities required by this Act.
"Threshold planning quantity" is the quantity of an extremely hazardous substance determined by USEPA under 42 U.S.C. 11002(a).
"USEPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(Source: P.A. 86-449; 87-168.)


(430 ILCS 100/4) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7704)
Sec. 4. Establishment. The Illinois Emergency Management Agency shall be the State Emergency Response Commission for the purpose of implementing the provisions of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-499) at the State level, and shall perform all the functions of a SERC under that Act. The Director of the IEMA shall be the Chairman of the SERC.
(Source: P.A. 86-449; 87-168.)


(430 ILCS 100/5) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7705)
Sec. 5. Advisory Committee. The SERC may establish advisory committees composed of individuals from both the public and private sectors to advise the Chairman of the SERC on any matters relating to the implementation of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-499). Advisory committees shall be organized by the Chairman as necessary to address specific issues relating to this Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/6) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7706)
Sec. 6. Cooperative agreements. The SERC shall cooperate and may enter into such agreements with other State agencies, local governments, the federal government and other persons as the Chairman determines to be appropriate to implement Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-499).
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/7) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7707)
Sec. 7. Reporting requirements.
(a) The provisions of Sections 302(c), 303(d), 304, 311, 312 and 323 of the Federal Act, as incorporated into this Act, pertaining to the providing of information and giving of notification, shall be considered the law of this State and shall apply equally to all facilities subject to the Federal Act.
(b) The SERC shall adopt, within 120 days after the effective date of this Act, regulations or amendments thereto which are identical in substance to regulations or amendments thereto promulgated by the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency to implement these specified Sections of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-499). The rulemaking provisions of Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act shall not apply to regulations or amendments thereto adopted pursuant to this paragraph.
(c) The SERC may adopt additional regulations relating to the Federal Act that are not inconsistent with and at least as stringent as other regulations promulgated pursuant to the Federal Act. Regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection shall be adopted in accordance with the procedures for rulemaking in Section 5-35 of the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act.
(Source: P.A. 88-45.)


(430 ILCS 100/8) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7708)
Sec. 8. Local emergency planning committees.
(a) The SERC shall appoint and supervise local emergency planning committees in accordance with Section 301 of the Federal Act.
(b) Local emergency planning committees shall carry out all responsibilities of a local emergency planning committee as specified in applicable Sections of the Federal Act and the Illinois Emergency Management Agency Act. Committees shall consult and coordinate with the SERC and such other local organizations as may be necessary to carry out their assigned responsibilities.
(Source: P.A. 92-73, eff. 1-1-02.)


(430 ILCS 100/9) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7709)
Sec. 9. Emergency planning. (a) Beginning 90 days after the effective date of this Act, it shall be a violation of this Section for the owner or operator of a facility subject to the requirements of Section 302 of the Federal Act to fail to notify the SERC that such facility is subject to the requirements of such Section, as required by the Federal Act.
A facility is subject to the requirements of this Section if a substance on the list referred to in Section 302(a) of the Federal Act is present at the facility in an amount in excess of the threshold planning quantity established for such substance.
(b) If a substance on the list of extremely hazardous substances referred to in Section 302(a) of the Federal Act first becomes present at a facility subject to this Section in excess of the threshold planning quantity established for such substance, or if there is a revision of such list and the facility has present a substance on the revised list in a quantity exceeding the threshold planning quantity established for such substance, the owner or operator of the facility shall notify the SERC and the LEPC within 60 days after such acquisition or revision, or within 90 days after the effective date of this Act, whichever is later, that such facility is subject to the requirements of this Section.
(c) Beginning 90 days after the effective date of this Act, it shall be a violation of this Section for the owner or operator of a facility subject to the requirements of Section 302 of the Federal Act to fail to notify the LEPC of a facility representative who will participate in the emergency planning process as a facility emergency coordinator as required by Section 303(d)(1) of the Federal Act. The owner or operator of the facility shall promptly inform the LEPC of any relevant changes occurring at such facility as such changes occur or are expected to occur. Upon request from the SERC or the LEPC, the owner or operator of the facility shall promptly provide information necessary for developing, implementing, and improving the emergency plan.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/10) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7710)
Sec. 10. Release notification. (a) If a release requiring notification under Section 304 of the Federal Act or under Section 103(a) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.) occurs from a facility at which a hazardous chemical is produced, used or stored, the owner or operator of the facility shall immediately provide notice as described in subsection (b).
(b) Notice required under this Section shall be given immediately after the release by the owner or operator of the facility (by such means as telephone, radio or in person) to the community emergency coordinator designated by the LEPC for any area likely to be affected by the release and to the SERC of any State likely to be affected by the release. The SERC shall submit any such notification report to the appropriate LEPC. With respect to transportation of a substance subject to the requirements of this Section, or storage incident to such transportation, the notice requirements of this Section with respect to a release shall be satisfied by calling the local fire department of the affected area, the sheriff's office of the affected county, or the 911 emergency number.
(c) Notice required under this Section shall include each of the following (to the extent known at the time of the notice and so long as no delay in responding to the emergency results):
(1) the chemical name or identity of any substance involved in the release;
(2) an indication of whether the substance is on the list referred to in Section 302(a) of the Federal Act;
(3) an estimate of the quantity of any such substance that was released into the environment;
(4) the time and duration of the release;
(5) the medium or media into which the release occurred;
(6) any known or anticipated acute or chronic health risks associated with the emergency and, where appropriate, advice regarding medical attention necessary for exposed individuals;
(7) proper precautions to take as a result of the release, including evacuation (unless such information is readily available to the community emergency coordinator pursuant to the emergency plan); and
(8) the name and telephone number of the person or persons to be contacted for further information.
(d) As soon as practicable after a release which requires notice under this Section, the owner or operator shall provide a written followup emergency notice (or notices, as more information becomes available) setting forth and updating the information required under subsection (c), and including additional information with respect to:
(1) actions taken to respond to and contain the release;
(2) any known or anticipated acute or chronic health risks associated with the release; and
(3) where appropriate, advice regarding medical attention necessary for exposed individuals.
(e) This Section does not apply to any release which results in exposure to persons solely within the site or sites on which a facility is located. This Section does apply to transportation and storage incident to such transportation.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/11) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7711)
Sec. 11. MSDS. (a) The owner or operator of any facility which is required to prepare or have available a material safety data sheet for a hazardous chemical under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and regulations promulgated under that Act (15 U.S.C. 651 et seq.) shall, in accordance with the threshold levels for reporting established by regulations promulgated under the Federal Act, submit a material safety data sheet for each such chemical, or a list of such chemicals as described in subsection (b), to each of the following:
(1) the appropriate local emergency planning committee;
(2) the State Emergency Response Commission; and
(3) the fire department with jurisdiction over the facility.
(b) The list of chemicals referred to in subsection (a) shall include all of the following:
(1) A list of the hazardous chemicals for which a material safety data sheet is required under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and regulations promulgated under that Act, grouped in categories of health and physical hazards as set forth under such Act and regulations promulgated under such Act, or in such other categories as the Administrator may prescribe.
(2) The chemical name or the common name of each such chemical as provided on the material safety data sheet.
(3) Any hazardous component of each such chemical as provided on the material safety data sheet.
(c) An owner or operator may meet the requirements of this Section with respect to a hazardous chemical which is a mixture by doing one of the following:
(1) Submitting a material safety data sheet for, or identifying on a list, each element or compound in the mixture which is a hazardous chemical. If more than one mixture has the same element or compound, only one material safety data sheet, or one listing, of the element or compound is necessary; or
(2) Submitting a material safety data sheet for, or identifying on a list, the mixture itself.
(d) Beginning 90 days after the effective date of this Act, it shall be a violation of this Section for the owner or operator of a facility subject to the requirements of this Section to fail to submit an MSDS form as required by Section 311(d) of the Federal Act, or within 3 months of the date the owner or operator is required to prepare or have available a MSDS for the chemical under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and regulations promulgated under that Act.
(e) Within 3 months following discovery by an owner or operator of significant new information concerning an aspect of a hazardous chemical for which a material safety data sheet was previously submitted to the local emergency planning committee under subsection (a), a revised sheet shall be provided to such person.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/12) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7712)
Sec. 12. Inventory forms. (a) The owner or operator of any facility which is required to prepare or have available a material safety data sheet for a hazardous chemical under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and regulations promulgated under that Act shall, in accordance with the threshold levels for reporting as established by regulations promulgated under the Federal Act, prepare and submit an emergency and hazardous chemical inventory form (hereafter in this Act referred to as an "inventory form") to each of the following:
(1) the appropriate local emergency planning committee;
(2) the State Emergency Response Commission; and
(3) the fire department with jurisdiction over the facility.
The inventory form shall be submitted annually on or before March 1, and shall contain tier I data with respect to the preceding calendar year.
(b) The requirement of subsection (a) does not apply if an owner or operator provides, to the recipients described in subsection (a), by the same deadline and with respect to the same calendar year, an inventory form containing tier II information.
(c) An owner or operator may meet the requirements of this Section with respect to a hazardous chemical which is a mixture by doing one of the following:
(1) Providing information on the inventory form on each element or compound in the mixture which is a hazardous chemical. If more than one mixture has the same element or compound, only one listing on the inventory form for the element or compound at the facility is necessary.
(2) Providing information on the inventory form on the mixture itself.
(d) A hazardous chemical shall be subject to the requirements of this Section only if it is a hazardous chemical for which a material safety data sheet or a listing is required under Section 311 of the Federal Act.
(e) A tier I inventory form shall provide the following information in aggregate terms for hazardous chemicals in categories of health and physical hazards as set forth under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and regulations promulgated under that Act:
(1) an estimate (in ranges) of the maximum amount of hazardous chemicals in each category present at the facility at any time during the preceding calendar year;
(2) an estimate (in ranges) of the maximum amount of hazardous chemicals in each category present at the facility at any time during the preceding calendar year; and
(3) the general location of hazardous chemicals in each category.
(f) A tier II inventory form shall provide the following additional information for each hazardous chemical present at the facility, but only upon request and in accordance with subsection (g):
(1) the chemical name or the common name of the chemical as provided on the material safety data sheet;
(2) an estimate (in ranges) of the maximum amount of the hazardous chemical present at the facility at any time during the preceding calendar year;
(3) an estimate (in ranges) of the average daily amount of the hazardous chemical present at the facility during the preceding calendar year;
(4) a brief description of the manner of storage of the hazardous chemical;
(5) the location at the facility of the hazardous chemical; and
(6) an indication of whether the owner elects to withhold location information of a specific hazardous chemical from disclosure to the public under Section 324 of the Federal Act.
(g) Availability of tier II information shall be as follows:
(1) Upon request by the State Emergency Planning Commission, a local emergency planning committee, or a fire department with jurisdiction over the facility, the owner or operator of a facility shall provide tier II information, as described in subsection (g), to the person making the request.
(2) A State or local official acting in his or her official capacity may have access to tier II information by submitting a request to the SERC or the local emergency planning committee. Upon receipt of a request for tier II information, the SERC or local committee shall, pursuant to paragraph (1), request the facility owner or operator for the tier II information and make available such information to the official.
(3) Any person may request the SERC or a local emergency planning committee for tier II information relating to the preceding calendar year with respect to a facility. Any such request shall be in writing and shall be with respect to a specific facility.
(4) Any tier II information which the SERC or a local emergency planning committee has in its possession shall be made available to a person making a request under this paragraph in accordance with Section 324 of the Federal Act. If the SERC or local emergency planning committee does not have the tier II information in its possession, upon receiving a request for tier II information the SERC or local emergency planning committee shall, pursuant to paragraph (1), request the facility owner or operator for tier II information with respect to a hazardous chemical which a facility has stored in an amount in excess of 10,000 pounds present at the facility at any time during the preceding calendar year and make such information available to the person making the request in accordance with Section 324 of the Federal Act.
(5) In the case of tier II information which is not in the possession of the SERC or local emergency planning committee and which relates to a hazardous chemical which a facility has stored in an amount less than 10,000 pounds present at the facility at any time during the preceding calendar year, a request from a person must include the general need for the information. The SERC or local emergency planning committee may, pursuant to paragraph (1), make a request to the facility owner or operator for the tier II information on behalf of the person making the request. Upon receipt of any information requested on behalf of such person, the SERC or local emergency planning committee shall make the information available to the person in accordance with Section 324 of the Federal Act.
(6) The SERC or local emergency planning committee shall respond to a request for tier II information under this Section no later than 45 days after the date of receipt of the request.
(7) Upon request to an owner or operator of a facility which files an inventory form under this Section by the fire department with jurisdiction over the facility, the owner or operator of the facility shall allow the fire department to conduct an on-site inspection of the facility and shall provide to the fire department specific location information on hazardous chemicals at the facility.
(h) The tier 1 and tier 2 inventory forms promulgated by USEPA for use in meeting the requirements of Section 312 of the Federal Act may be used to fulfill the requirements of this Section.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/13) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7713)
Sec. 13. Trade secrets. The authority to withhold information for trade secret protection under Section 322 of the Federal Act shall be applicable to all facilities subject to the reporting requirements of this Act. All trade secret petitioners must follow the procedures under Section 322 of the Federal Act and regulations adopted thereunder.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/14) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7714)
Sec. 14. Health professionals. An owner or operator of a facility subject to the reporting requirements of this Act shall comply with the procedures for providing information to health professionals, doctors and nurses pursuant to Section 323 of the Federal Act.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/15) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7715)
Sec. 15. Public availability. The SERC and LEPCs shall make information available to the public upon request in accordance with Section 324 of the Federal Act. All requests for information shall be in writing and subject to the provisions of the Illinois Freedom of Information Act. All costs associated with providing information shall be paid by the requesting person.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/16) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7716)
Sec. 16. Enforcement. (a) The SERC shall have the authority to investigate alleged violations of Sections of this Act and, following written notice to the business, to refer such violations for prosecution by the State's Attorney of the county in which the violation occurred, or by the Attorney General. The State's Attorney or the Attorney General, as the case may be, may, at the request of the SERC or upon his own motion, institute an action for such penalties as are authorized by this Act, as well as for such other remedies, including injunctive relief, as are necessary to restrain or remedy violations of the Act.
(b) Any action authorized by subsection (a) of this Section may be brought in the circuit court in the county where the violation occurred or the circuit court of the county where the defendant is located.
(c) The SERC shall have the authority to investigate violations of Sections of this Act and, following written notice to the business, to refer such violations for prosecution by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/17) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7717)
Sec. 17. Citizen suits. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), any person may commence a civil action on his own behalf against the owner or operator of a facility for failure to do any of the following:
(1) submit a followup emergency notice required under Section 10(d) of this Act;
(2) submit a material safety data sheet or a list as required under Section 11(a) of this Act;
(3) complete and submit an inventory form containing tier I information required under Section 12(a) of this Act, unless such requirement does not apply by reason of Section 12(b) of this Act.
(b) No action may be commenced under subsection (a) against an owner or operator of a facility if the Administrator of USEPA has commenced and is diligently pursuing an administrative order or civil action to enforce the requirement concerned or to impose a civil penalty under the Federal Act with respect to the violation of the requirement.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


(430 ILCS 100/18) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7718)
Sec. 18. Penalties.
(a) Any person who violates any requirement of Section 9, 10, 11, 12, or 14 of this Act shall be liable for a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed $25,000 for each violation. In the case of a second or subsequent violation of Section 10, the civil penalty shall not exceed $75,000 for each day during which the violation continues.
(b) Any person who knowingly fails to provide immediate notification of a release in violation of Section 10 of this Act, shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony, and in addition to any other penalty prescribed by law is subject to a fine not to exceed $25,000 for each day of the violation. In the case of a second or subsequent conviction, the person shall be guilty of a Class 3 felony, and in addition to any other penalty prescribed by law is subject to a fine not to exceed $50,000 for each day of the violation.
(c) All civil penalties and fines collected under this Section shall be deposited in the Emergency Planning and Training Fund, which is hereby created as a special fund in the State Treasury, and may be used by IEMA, pursuant to appropriation, for its activities arising under this Act and the Federal Act, including providing financial support for local emergency planning committees and for training initiatives authorized by IEMA.
(Source: P.A. 98-465, eff. 8-16-13.)


(430 ILCS 100/19) (from Ch. 111 1/2, par. 7719)
Sec. 19. Costs. Upon motion of a party prevailing in an action under this Act, the court may award costs of litigation including reasonable attorney and expert witness fees.
(Source: P.A. 86-449.)


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