2018 Illinois Compiled Statutes
Chapter 525 - CONSERVATION
525 ILCS 5/ - Cave Protection Act.

(525 ILCS 5/1) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9501)
Sec. 1. This Act shall be known and may be cited as the Cave Protection Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-140.)


(525 ILCS 5/2) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9502)
Sec. 2. As used in this Act, the following terms have the following meanings, unless the context otherwise requires:
"Cave" means any naturally occurring void, cavity, recess, sinkhole or system of interconnecting passages beneath the surface of the earth or within a cliff or ledge which is large enough to permit a person to enter, including natural subsurface water and drainage systems, but not including any mine, tunnel or other manmade excavation.
"Cave resource" means any cave and its contents, together with associated topographic and hydrological features.
"Commercial cave" means any cave utilized by the owner for the purpose of exhibition to the general public as a profit or nonprofit enterprise, wherein a fee is collected for entry.
"Cultural resource" means any historic or prehistoric human remains, artifacts, constructions or evidence thereof.
"Department" means the Department of Natural Resources.
"Director" means the Director of the Department.
"Gate" means any structure or device located to limit or prohibit access or entry into any cave.
"Natural resource" means any material occurring naturally in caves including, but not limited to, animal life, whether vertebrate or invertebrate, plant life, paleontological deposits, sediments, minerals, speleogens, speleothems, water and other natural resources.
"Owner" means a person who owns title to land where a cave is located.
"Person" means any individual, partnership, firm, association, trust, corporation or other legal entity.
"Sinkhole" means a closed topographic depression or basin, generally draining underground, including, but not restricted to, a doline, uvala, blind valley, or sink.
"Speleogen" means the surrounding natural material or bedrock in which a cave is formed, including walls, floors and ceiling and similar related structural and geological components.
"Speleothem" means a natural mineral formation or deposit occurring in a cave.
(Source: P.A. 89-445, eff. 2-7-96.)


(525 ILCS 5/3) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9503)
Sec. 3. The Department may take special actions as necessary, consistent with the purposes of this Act, including but not limited to:
(1) employment of cave resources management personnel;
(2) appointment of volunteer cave management and administrative personnel;
(3) providing cave owners with technical assistance and management advice;
(4) entering into volunteer management agreements with individual persons, members and associations of the caving community;
(5) initiating a comprehensive inventory of cave resources;
(6) adopt rules in accordance with the Illinois Administrative Procedure Act to further the purposes of this Act;
(7) issuance of grants from appropriated funds.
(Source: P.A. 84-140.)


(525 ILCS 5/4) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9504)
Sec. 4. The Director may also appoint an advisory council composed of individuals, members of organized caving groups or the scientific community for the purpose of developing regulations pursuant to this Act, reviewing management plans for cave resources on public land, or to otherwise provide advice and assistance as deemed necessary by the Department in furthering the purposes of this Act.
(Source: P.A. 84-140.)


(525 ILCS 5/5) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9505)
Sec. 5. Owners of land shall not be liable for injuries, mental harm or death sustained by persons using their land, including but not limited to cave resources, for recreational, educational or scientific purposes. By granting permission for entry or use, the owner does not thereby:
(a) extend any assurance that the premises are safe for such purposes, or
(b) constitute to the permittee the legal status of an invitee or licensee to whom a duty of care is owed, or
(c) assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to person or property caused by an act or omission of a permittee except as provided in this Section.
This Act shall not limit the liability which otherwise exists for (1) willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use or natural structure; or (2) failure to guard or warn against a dangerous manmade structure, fixture or activity; or (3) for injury suffered in any case where permission to enter for the above purpose was granted for a consideration.
Nothing in this Section creates a duty of care or ground of liability for injury to person or property.
(Source: P.A. 84-140.)


(525 ILCS 5/6) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9506)
Sec. 6. It shall be unlawful for any person, without the express written permission of the land owner, to:
(a) Willfully or knowingly break, break off, crack, carve upon, write, burn, mark upon, remove, or in any manner destroy, disturb, deface, mar, or harm the surfaces of any cave or any natural material which may be found therein, whether attached or broken, including speleothems, speleogens and sedimentary deposits.
(b) Break, force, tamper with, or otherwise disturb a lock, gate, door or other obstruction designed to control or prevent access to any cave, even though entrance thereto may not be gained.
(c) Remove, deface or tamper with a sign stating that a cave is posted or citing provisions of this Act.
(d) Store, dump, litter, dispose of or otherwise place any refuse, garbage, dead animal, sewage, or toxic substance harmful to cave life or humans in any cave or sinkhole.
(e) Burn within any cave or sinkhole any material which produces any smoke or gas which is harmful to any organism in any cave. This Section shall specifically exempt acetylene gas emissions created by carbide lamps used as a source of light by persons using the cave.
(f) Kill, injure, disturb or otherwise interfere with any cave life, including any cave roosting bat, or interfere with or obstruct the free movement of any cave resource into or out of any cave, or enter any cave with the intention of killing, injuring, disturbing or interfering with life forms therein.
(g) Remove any natural or cultural resources found within any cave.
(Source: P.A. 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)


(525 ILCS 5/7) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 9507)
Sec. 7. Any person who violates any provision of this Act shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
(Source: P.A. 84-140.)


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