2020 Idaho Code

Universal Citation: ID Code § 15-5-101 (2020)

15-5-101. DEFINITIONS AND USE OF TERMS. Unless otherwise apparent from the context, in this code:

(a) "Incapacitated person" means any person who is impaired, except by minority, to the extent that he lacks sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate responsible decisions concerning his person, provided, that the term shall not refer to a developmentally disabled person as defined in section 66-402(5), Idaho Code, and provided further that:

(1) "Incapacity" means a legal, not a medical disability and shall be measured by function limitations and it shall be construed to mean or refer to any person who has suffered, is suffering, or is likely to suffer, substantial harm due to an inability to provide for his personal needs for food, clothing, shelter, health care, or safety, or an inability to manage his or her property or financial affairs;

(2) Inability to provide for personal needs or to manage property shall be evidenced by acts or occurrences, or statements which strongly indicate imminent acts or occurrences; material evidence of inability must have occurred within twelve (12) months prior to the filing of the petition for guardianship or conservatorship;

(3) Isolated instances of simple negligence or improvidence, lack of resources, or any act, occurrence, or statement, if that act, occurrence, or statement is the product of an informed judgment, shall not constitute evidence of inability to provide for personal needs or to manage property;

(4) "Informed judgment" means a choice made by a person who has the ability to make such a choice, and who makes it voluntarily after all relevant information necessary to making the decision has been provided, and who understands that he is free to choose or refuse any alternative available and who clearly indicates or expresses the outcome of his choice;

(b) A "protective proceeding" is a proceeding under the provisions of section 15-5-401, Idaho Code, to determine that a person cannot effectively manage or apply his estate to necessary ends, either because he lacks the ability or is otherwise inconvenienced, or because he is a minor, and to secure administration of his estate by a conservator or other appropriate relief;

(c) A "protected person" is a minor or other person for whom a conservator has been appointed or other protective order has been made;

(d) A "ward" is a person for whom a guardian has been appointed. A "minor ward" is a minor for whom a guardian has been appointed solely because of minority.


[15-5-101, as added by 1971, ch. 111, sec. 1, p. 233; am. 1982, ch. 59, sec. 2, p. 92; am. 1989, ch. 241, sec. 1, p. 587; am. 1997, ch. 210, sec. 1, p. 628; am. 1999, ch. 293, sec. 3, p. 736; am. 2000, ch. 180, sec. 1, p. 448.]

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