2019 Idaho Code
Title 22 - AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE
Chapter 4 - PURE SEED LAW
Section 22-415 - LABEL REQUIREMENTS — AGRICULTURAL, VEGETABLE, FLOWER, TREE AND SHRUB SEEDS.

Universal Citation: ID Code § 22-415 (2019)

22-415. LABEL REQUIREMENTS — AGRICULTURAL, VEGETABLE, FLOWER, TREE AND SHRUB SEEDS. Before each container of seed is sold, offered for sale, exposed for sale, or delivered under a contract within this state for sowing purposes, it shall bear thereon or have attached thereto in a conspicuous place a plainly written or printed label or tag in the English language, giving the following information:

(1) For agricultural seeds and mixtures:

(a) The name of the kind or the kind and variety of each agricultural seed component in excess of five percent (5%) of the whole, and the percentage by weight of each pure seed. The name of the kind and variety shall be on the label of seeds of wheat, barley and dry-edible beans, or if any mixture containing any kinds herein listed, the names of the varieties shall be listed. When more than one (1) pure seed is present, the word "mixture" or the word "mixed" and the name of the mixture shall be shown conspicuously on the label. Hybrids shall be labeled as hybrids.

(b) Lot number or other lot identification.

(c) Origin by state or foreign country, if known. If the origin is unknown, that fact shall be stated.

(d) Percentage by weight of all other crop seeds combined, none of which individually exceeds five percent (5%) of the total weight. If a mixture contains no crop seed, that shall be stated or shown.

(e) Percentage by weight of inert matter.

(f) Percentage by weight of all weed seeds.

(g) The name and rate of occurrence per pound of each kind of restricted noxious weed seed present. All determinations of noxious weed seeds shall be subject to tolerances and methods of determination prescribed in the rules and regulations under this chapter.

(h) Germination for each named agricultural seed:

  • (i) Percentage of germination, exclusive of hard seed;

    (ii) Percentage of hard seed, if present;

    (iii) The calendar month and year the test was completed to determine the percentages;

    (iv) A tetrazolium test is deemed sufficient to meet germination labeling requirements if the species is included in the director’s published list.

(i) Name and address of the person who labeled the seed, or who sells or delivers seed under a contract, or his federal consumer marketing service number or agricultural marketing service number.

(2) For vegetable seeds in packets or preplanted containers, mats, tapes or other planting devices:

(a) Name of kind of seed;

(b) Lot identification;

(c) The year for which the seed was packed for sale, or the percentage of germination and the calendar month and year the germination test was completed.

(d) For seeds which germinate less than the standard last established by the director in the rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter:

  • (i) Percentage of germination, exclusive of hard seed;

    (ii) Percentage of hard seed, if present;

    (iii) The calendar month and year the test was completed to determine such percentages;

    (iv) The words "Below Standard" in not less than 8-point type;

    (v) A tetrazolium test is deemed sufficient to meet germination labeling requirements if the species is included in the director’s published list.

(e) For seeds placed in a germination medium, mat, tape, or other device in such a way as to make it difficult to determine the quantity of seed without removing the seeds, a statement to indicate the number of seeds in each container or net weight.

(f) Name and address of the person who labeled the seed, or who sells or delivers seed under a contract, or his federal consumer marketing service number or agricultural marketing service number.

(3) For vegetable seeds, in mixtures, in bulk, or in containers other than packets and preplanted containers, mats, tape, or other devices:

(a) The name of each kind and variety present in excess of five percent (5%) of the whole, and the percentage by weight of each in order of predominance;

(b) Lot identification;

(c) Germination for each named vegetable seed:

  • (i) Percentage of germination, exclusive of hard seed;

    (ii) Percentage of hard seed, if present;

    (iii) The calendar month and year the germination test was completed;

    (iv) A tetrazolium test is deemed sufficient to meet germination labeling requirements if the species is included in the director’s published list.

(d) The labeling requirements for vegetable seeds in containers of more than eight (8) ounces shall be satisfied if the seed is weighed from an accurately labeled container in the presence of the purchaser.

(e) Name and address of the person who labeled the seed, or his federal consumer marketing service number or agricultural marketing service number.

(4) For flower seeds:

(a) The name of the kind and variety or a statement of type and performance;

(b) The calendar month and year the seed was tested or the year the seed was packaged;

(c) The name and address of the person who labeled or who sells the seed or his federal consumer marketing service number or agricultural marketing service number;

(d) In packets or preplanted containers, mats, tapes or other planting devices, and in addition to the requirements of paragraphs (a) through (c) of subsection (4) of this section:

  • (i) The number of seeds or net weight in the container;

    (ii) The percentage of germination exclusive of hard seed for those seeds which germinate less than the germination standards established in the rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter; and

    (iii) The words "Below Standard" in not less than 8-point type.

(e) In containers other than packets or preplanted containers, mats, tapes or other planting devices, and in addition to requirements of paragraphs (a) through (c) of subsection (4) of this section:

  • (i) Lot number or other lot identification;

    (ii) Percentage of germination, exclusive of hard seed, and the percentage of hard seed, if present.

(5) For tree and shrub seed:

(a) Common name of the species;

(b) The scientific name of the genus and species;

(c) Lot number or other lot identification;

(d) Origin, if known. If the origin is unknown that fact shall be stated:

  • (i) For seed collected from a predominantly indigenous stand, the area of collection given by latitude and longitude, geographic description, or political subdivision;

    (ii) For seed collected from other than a predominantly indigenous stand, identify the area of collection and the origin of the stand, or state "origin not indigenous."

(e) The elevation, or the upper and lower limits of elevations, within which the seed was collected.

(f) Purity as a percentage of pure seed by weight.

(g) For those species for which standard germination testing procedures are prescribed by the director:

  • (i) Percentage of germination, exclusive of hard seed;

    (ii) Percentage of hard seed, if present;

    (iii) The calendar year and month the germination test was completed.

(h) Transported in bulk, an invoice is sufficient to meet labeling requirements when the container is identified with a lot number.

(i) The name and address of the person who sells the seed or his federal consumer marketing service number or agricultural marketing service number.

(6) For all agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree and shrub seeds treated to prevent contamination, infection or disease:

(a) A word or statement indicating the seed has been treated;

(b) The common or generic name of the applied substance, or description of the process used;

(c) The appropriate toxicity category signal word and precautionary statements which correspond to the toxicity categories set forth in title 40, code of federal regulations, effective July 1, 1989;

Signal Words for Toxicity Categories

Toxicity Category

Signal Word

I

DANGER

If assigned to toxicity category I on the basis of oral, inhalation or dermal toxicity, the word "Poison" shall appear in red on a background of distinctly contrasting color and the skull and crossbones shall appear in immediate proximity to the word "Poison".

II

WARNING

III

CAUTION

IV

CAUTION

(d) When more than one (1) substance is applied, each substance shall be noted on the label, and the seed shall be labeled for the substance with the higher level of toxicity category; and

(e) An expiration date of any inoculant applied to the seed.

(7) For agricultural seeds coated with any substance which changes the size, shape or weight of the original seed:

(a) Percentage of pure seeds with coating material removed;

(b) Percentage of coating material; and

(c) Percentage of germination.

(8) The arbitration requirement provided in section 22-436, Idaho Code.

History:

[22-415, added 1951, ch. 243, sec. 2, p. 508; am. 1974, ch. 18, sec. 4, p. 364; am. 1985, ch. 22, sec. 2, p. 37; am. 1987, ch. 188, sec. 2, p. 373; am. 1989, ch. 370, sec. 1, p. 927; am. 1990, ch. 89, sec. 1, p. 184; am. 1991, ch. 171, sec. 1, p. 413; am. 1993, ch. 70, sec. 1, p. 184.]

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