2016 Idaho Statutes
Title 16 - JUVENILE PROCEEDINGS
Chapter 24 - CHILDREN'S MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
Section 16-2425 - RIGHTS OF CHILDREN IN TREATMENT FACILITIES.
16-2425. Rights of children in treatment facilities. (1) Competence. No right of any child shall be denied or reduced solely by the reason of his having been evaluated, or treated under this chapter. A finding of lack of capacity to make an informed decision under this chapter shall not by itself establish lack of competence for any other purpose.
(2) Right to treatment. Children subject to an involuntary treatment order under this chapter shall have the right to treatment to the extent provided in section 16-2424, Idaho Code.
(3) Healthful and humane environment. Every child shall have the right to a healthful and humane environment. Every facility shall provide a clean, safe and comfortable environment in a structure that complies with applicable licensing requirements governing physical facilities, nutrition, health and safety, and medical services, and for aspects of care for which there are no mandatory requirements, consistent with the generally accepted professional standards in Idaho. In addition, every child shall have the right to a humane psychological environment that protects him from harm or abuse, provides reasonable privacy, promotes personal dignity, and provides opportunity for improved functioning.
(4) Leaves of absence. Leaves of absence may be granted in appropriate cases at the discretion of the treatment facility. Police officers are authorized to and shall, at the request of a treatment facility, take into protective custody and return to the treatment facility any child who is subject to an order for involuntary treatment and placed by the department and any child placed by the authority of his parents who leaves without proper authorization or does not return at the end of an authorized leave of absence. The child's parent or guardian shall be notified before any leave of absence occurs and in the event that a child is away without authorization, they shall be notified immediately.
(5) Restraints and seclusion. Every child shall have the right to be free from unnecessary or inappropriate restraints or seclusion consistent with the least restrictive alternative principle. Restraints and seclusion shall be administered only in conformity with rules adopted by the department.
(6) Corporal punishment. Every child shall have the right to be free from corporal punishment.
(7) Nutrition. Every child shall have the right to a nutritionally sound and medically appropriate diet.
(8) Exercise and recreation. Every child shall have reasonable opportunities for physical and outdoor exercise and access to recreational equipment. Reasonable limitations may be set by general rules or, for clinical reasons, in particular cases.
(9) Visitors. Every child shall have the right to receive visitors with reasonable privacy as is consistent with the treatment plan.
(a) Hours during which visitors may be received shall be limited only in the interest of effective treatment and efficiency of the facility and shall be sufficiently flexible to accommodate the individual needs of the child and his visitors.
(b) Notwithstanding the above, each resident has the right to receive visits from his physician, psychologist, clergyman or social worker in private, irrespective of visiting hours, provided that the visitor shows reasonable cause for visiting at times other than normal visiting hours.
(c) A facility may impose conditions on visits and privacy of visits if there is reason to believe that a visitor poses a substantial risk of harm to the child, or others.
(10) Communications. (a) Every child shall have the right to send and receive mail. Reasonable rules governing inspection (but not reading) of incoming mail may be established, provided that they are necessary for substantial health care purposes and that they preserve the child's rights of privacy to the extent compatible with his clinical status.
(b) Every child shall have the right to reasonably private access to telephones, including the right to make long-distance calls to the extent he can arrange for payment for such calls.
(c) A treatment facility shall provide reasonable assistance to children in exercising their communication rights. Reasonable limitations on the use of the mail and telephones may be set by general rules. In cases of personal emergencies when other means of communication are not satisfactory, the child shall be afforded reasonable use of long-distance calls. A child who is indigent shall be furnished writing, postage and telephone facilities without charge.
(11) Practice of religion. Every child shall have the right to practice or refrain from practice of a religion. No child shall be subjected to pressure, rewards or punishments based on his decision to practice or refrain from practice of religion or of any particular religion. The treatment facility is not required to provide special assistance to persons so that they may practice a religion.
(12) Personal possessions. Every child shall have the right to keep, use and store personal possessions and to maintain and use bank accounts and other sources of personal funds, unless precluded from doing so by order of the court. Reasonable limitations may be set by general rules or, for clinical reasons, in particular cases.
(13) Nonretaliation. No child shall be subjected to retaliation or to any adverse change of conditions or treatment because of having asserted his rights.
(14) Access to counsel. A child may at any time have a telephone conversation with or be visited by his lawyer or any employee of his attorney's firm, or a representative of the state protection and advocacy system.
(15) Medication. Each child has the right to be free from unnecessary or excessive medication.
(16) Right to education. A child who is in a treatment facility shall be provided education and training as necessary to encourage and stimulate developmental progress and achievement and as required by state and federal law. In no event shall a child be allowed to remain in a treatment facility for more than ten (10) days without receiving educational services.
[16-2425, added 1997, ch. 404, sec. 1, p. 1294.]