2021 Hawaii Revised Statutes
Title 19. Health
323F. Hawaii Health Systems Corporation
323F-7 Duties and powers of the corporation and regional system boards.

Universal Citation: HI Rev Stat § 323F-7 (2021)

§323F-7 Duties and powers of the corporation and regional system boards. (a) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary and unless otherwise specified, only those duties and powers related to corporation-wide matters, including but not limited to corporation-wide budgeting, personnel policies, procurement policies, fiscal policies, accounting policies, policies related to affiliations, joint ventures and contracts, regulatory compliance, risk management, continuing medical education programs, strategic planning, and capital planning, including the issuance of revenue bonds in any amount, shall be carried out by the corporation board in collaboration with the regional system boards. Duties and powers related to the operation of facilities within each regional system, including but not limited to regional system and facility budgeting, employment and removal of regional system and facility personnel, purchasing, regional system strategic and capital planning, organization, quality assurance, improvement and reporting, credentialing of medical staff, and the issuance of revenue bonds in any amount with corporation board approval, shall be carried out by the regional system boards, either directly or by delegation to regional and facility administration. Unless otherwise prohibited, the duties and powers granted to the corporation board may be delegated to the regional system boards.

(b) Duties and powers exercised by the regional system boards under this chapter or delegated to the regional system boards by the corporation board shall be consistent with corporation-wide policies. Wherever appropriate, corporation-wide policies shall take into account differences among regional systems and among types of facilities, particularly acute care, critical access, and long-term care facilities within the system.

New corporation-wide policies, and major changes to existing policies other than those changes mandated by legal or regulatory requirements, shall be developed by the corporation board after consultation with a policies committee. The policies committee shall be made up of representatives of the corporation board and each regional system board or designees of each board. The corporation board shall have two representatives on this committee. The corporation board shall review and consider approval of the policies within thirty days of transmittal by the policies committee or at the next board meeting; provided that, if the policies committee fails to take action within thirty days of receiving the proposed policy, the corporation board may consider and adopt or reject or revise the policy. The regional system boards and corporation board, as needed, may submit a request to the committee to alter corporation-wide policies along with detailed justification for the request. The regional system boards and the corporation board shall collaboratively establish a procedure to further implement this section.

(c) Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the corporation and any of the regional system boards shall exercise the following duties and powers:

(1) Developing corporation-wide policies, procedures, and rules necessary or appropriate to plan, operate, manage, and control the system of public health facilities and services without regard to chapter 91; provided that each regional system board shall be responsible for its own policies, procedures, and rules necessary or appropriate to plan, operate, manage, and control the public health facilities within its own regional system consistent with corporation policies;

(2) Evaluating the need for additional health facilities and services; provided that each regional system board shall be responsible for the evaluation within its own regional system;

(3) Entering into and performing any contracts, leases, cooperative agreements, partnerships, or other transactions whatsoever that may be necessary or appropriate in the performance of its purposes and responsibilities, and on terms the corporation, or regional system boards, may deem appropriate, with either:

(A) Any agency or instrumentality of the United States, or with any state, territory, or possession, or with any subdivision thereof; or

(B) Any person, firm, association, partnership, or corporation, whether operated on a for-profit or not-for-profit basis;

provided that the transaction furthers the public interest; and provided further that if any dispute arises between any contract, lease, cooperative agreement, partnership, or other transaction entered into by the corporation and a regional system board with regard to matters solely within that regional system, after July 1, 2007, the contract, lease, cooperative agreement, partnership, or other transaction entered into by the regional system board shall prevail; and provided further that such agreements are consistent with corporation policies;

(4) Conducting activities and entering into business relationships as the corporation board, or any regional system board, deems necessary or appropriate, including but not limited to:

(A) Creating nonprofit corporations, including but not limited to charitable fund-raising foundations, to be controlled wholly by the corporation, any regional system board, or jointly with others;

(B) Establishing, subscribing to, and owning stock in business corporations individually or jointly with others; and

(C) Entering into partnerships and other joint venture arrangements, or participating in alliances, purchasing consortia, health insurance pools, or other cooperative arrangements, with any public or private entity; provided that any corporation, venture, or relationship entered into under this section furthers the public interest; provided further that this paragraph shall not be construed to authorize the corporation or a regional system board to abrogate any responsibility or obligation under paragraph (15);

provided that each regional system board shall be responsible for conducting the activities under this paragraph in its own regional system consistent with policies established by the corporation board;

(5) Participating in and developing prepaid health care service and insurance programs and other alternative health care delivery programs, including programs involving the acceptance of capitated payments or premiums that include the assumption of financial and actuarial risk; provided that each regional system board shall be responsible for conducting the activities under this paragraph in its own regional system consistent with policies established by the corporation board;

(6) Executing, in accordance with all applicable bylaws, rules, and laws, all instruments necessary or appropriate in the exercise of any powers of the corporation or regional system boards;

(7) Preparing and executing all corporation-wide budgets, policies, and procedures or any regional system budgets, policies, and procedures; provided that the regional system boards shall submit their regional and facility budgets to the corporation to be consolidated into a corporation-wide budget for purposes of corporation-wide planning and appropriation requests. Regional system and facility budgets shall be received by the corporation and shall be included in the corporation-wide budget upon submittal to the corporation;

(8) Setting rates and charges for all services provided by the corporation without regard to chapter 91; provided that the duty and power of the corporation board shall be limited to approving the rates and charges developed by the regional system boards for the regional system's facilities and services. Rates and charges may vary among regional systems and facilities and may be consolidated with the rates of other regional systems into one charge master. Third-party payer contracts may be negotiated at the corporation-wide level with input from the regional systems, taking into consideration the rates set by the regional system boards. For purposes of securing revenue bonds, the corporation or regional system board may covenant to set, and if necessary increase, rates and charges as needed to pay debt service and related obligations plus a coverage factor;

(9) Developing a corporation-wide hospital system that is subject to chapters 76 and 89; provided that employment of regional system and facility personnel shall be the responsibility of the regional system boards pursuant to corporation-wide policies and procedures, applicable laws, rules, regulations, and collective bargaining agreements;

(10) Developing the corporation's corporation-wide capital and strategic plans or any regional system board's capital and strategic plans; provided that each regional system board shall be responsible for development of capital and strategic plans in its own regional system that shall be consistent with, and incorporated into, the overall corporation-wide plans; and provided further that the corporation and each regional system board shall be entitled to undertake the acquisition, construction, and improvement of property, facilities, and equipment to carry out these capital and strategic plans;

(11) Suing and being sued; provided that only the corporation may sue or be sued; and provided further that the corporation and regional system boards shall enjoy the same sovereign immunity available to the State;

(12) Making and altering corporation board and regional system board bylaws for its organization and management without regard to chapter 91 and consistent with this chapter; provided that each regional system board shall be responsible for the final approval of its regional system board bylaws;

(13) Adopting rules without regard to chapter 91 governing the exercise of the corporation's or regional system boards' powers and the fulfillment of its purpose under this chapter;

(14) Entering into any contract or agreement whatsoever, not inconsistent with this chapter or the laws of this State, and authorizing the corporation, regional system boards, and chief executive officers to enter into all contracts, execute all instruments, and do all things necessary or appropriate in the exercise of the powers granted in this chapter, including securing the payment of bonds; provided that the corporation board shall delegate to a regional system board its authority to enter into and execute contracts or agreements relating to matters exclusively affecting that regional system; provided further that a regional system board shall exercise this power consistent with corporation-wide policies; and provided further that contracts or agreements executed by a regional system board shall encumber only the regional subaccounts of that regional system board;

(15) Issuing revenue bonds up to $100,000,000 subject to the approval of the governor or the director of finance; provided that:

(A) All revenue bonds shall be issued pursuant to part III, chapter 39;

(B) The corporation and any regional system board shall have the power to issue revenue bonds in any amount without regard to any limitation in chapter 39; and

(C) The corporation shall have the power to incur debt, including the issuance of revenue bonds in any amount, and the regional system boards shall have the power to issue revenue bonds in any amount upon approval by the corporation board;

(16) Reimbursing the state general fund for debt service on general obligation bonds or reimbursable general obligation bonds issued by the State for the purposes of the corporation or any regional system board;

(17) Pledging or assigning all or any part of the receipts, revenues, and other financial assets of the corporation or the regional system boards for purposes of meeting or securing bond or health systems liabilities; provided that each regional system board shall be responsible for conducting the activities under this paragraph in its own regional system. Any pledge or assignment by the corporation or any regional system board to secure revenue bonds or health system liabilities shall be valid and binding in accordance with its terms against the pledgor, creditors, and all others asserting rights thereto from the time the pledge or assignment is made, without the need of physical delivery, recordation, filing, or further act. The corporation shall not take or omit to take any act that would interfere with, impair, or adversely affect any pledge or assignment by a regional system board pursuant to this chapter. In connection with issuing revenue bonds or related obligations, consistent with corporation policies and procedures, any regional system board may make such other covenants, binding on the regional system board and the corporation, that the regional system board determines to be necessary or appropriate to establish and maintain security for the revenue bonds or related obligations;

(18) Owning, purchasing, leasing, exchanging, or otherwise acquiring property, whether real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, and of any interest therein, in the name of the corporation, which property is not owned or controlled by the State but is owned or controlled by the corporation; provided that:

(A) Regional system boards shall have custodial control over facilities and physical assets in their respective regional systems. A regional system board may own, purchase, lease, exchange, or otherwise acquire property, whether real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, and of any interest therein, other than property owned or controlled by the corporation, in the name of the regional system board; provided further that a regional system board shall be subject to section 323F-3.5; and

(B) Each regional system board shall be responsible for conducting the activities under this paragraph in its own regional system;

(19) Maintaining, improving, pledging, mortgaging, selling, or otherwise holding or disposing of property, whether real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, and of any interest therein, at any time and manner, in furtherance of the purposes and mission of the corporation or any regional system board; provided that the corporation or any regional system board legally holds or controls the property in its own name; provided further that other than to secure revenue bonds and related obligations and agents, and to transition into a new entity, the corporation or any regional system board shall not sell, assign, lease, hypothecate, mortgage, pledge, give, or dispose of all or substantially all of its property; and provided further that each regional system board shall be responsible for conducting the activities under this paragraph in its own regional system, and control over such property shall be delegated to each regional system board; provided further that this paragraph shall not be construed to authorize the sale, pledge, or mortgage of real property under the control of the corporation or a regional system board;

(20) Purchasing insurance and creating captive insurers in any arrangement deemed in the best interest of the corporation, including but not limited to funding and payment of deductibles and purchase of reinsurance; provided that only the corporation shall have the power to create captive insurers to benefit public health facilities and operations in all regional systems; and provided further that a regional system board may purchase insurance for its regional system in collaboration with the other regional systems and the corporation until captive coverage is provided by the corporation;

(21) Acquiring by condemnation, pursuant to chapter 101, any real property required by the corporation to carry out the powers granted by this chapter;

(22) Depositing any moneys of the corporation or any regional system board in any banking institution within or without the State, and appointing, for the purpose of making deposits, one or more persons to act as custodians of the moneys of the corporation or any regional system board; provided that regional system boards may deposit moneys in banking institutions pursuant to corporation-wide guidelines established by the corporation board;

(23) Contracting for and accepting any gifts, grants, and loans of funds, property, or any other aid in any form from the federal government, the State, any state agency, or any other source, or any combination thereof, and complying, subject to this chapter, with the terms and conditions thereof; provided that the regional system boards shall be responsible for contracting for and accepting any gifts, grants, loans, property, or other aid if intended to benefit the public health facilities and operations exclusively in their respective regional systems; and provided further that all contracting for or acceptance of gifts, grants, loans, property, or other aid shall be consistent with corporation-wide policies established by the corporation board;

(24) Providing health and medical services for the public directly or by agreement or lease with any person, firm, or private or public corporation, partnership, or association through or in the health facilities of the corporation or regional system boards or otherwise; provided that the regional system boards shall be responsible for conducting the activities under this paragraph in their respective regional systems;

(25) Approving medical staff bylaws, rules, and medical staff appointments and reappointments for all public health facilities of the corporation or any regional system board, including but not limited to determining the conditions under which a health professional may be extended the privilege of practicing within a health facility, as determined by the respective regional system board and consistent with corporation-wide policies, and adopting and implementing reasonable rules, without regard to chapter 91, for the credentialing and peer review of all persons and health professionals within the facility; provided that regional system boards shall be the governing body responsible for all medical staff organization, peer review, and credentialing activities to the extent allowed by law;

(26) (A) Investing any funds not required for immediate disbursement in property or in securities that meet the standard for investments established in chapter 88 as provided by the corporation board or any regional system board; provided that proceeds of bonds and moneys pledged to secure bonds may be invested in obligations permitted by any document that authorizes the issuance or securing of bonds; and provided further that the investment assists the corporation or any regional system board in carrying out its public purposes; selling from time to time securities thus purchased and held, and depositing any securities in any bank or financial institution within or without the State. Any funds deposited in a banking institution or in any depository authorized in this section shall be secured in a manner and subject to terms and conditions as the corporation board or a regional system board may determine, with or without payment of any interest on the deposit, including without limitation time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit. Any bank or financial institution incorporated under the laws of this State may act as depository of any funds of the corporation or a regional system board and may issue indemnity bonds or may pledge securities as may be required by the corporation or regional system board; provided that regional system boards may exercise the powers under this subsection with respect to financial assets of the regional system consistent with corporation-wide policies; and

(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), contracting with the holders of any of its notes or bonds as to the custody, collection, securing, investment, and payment of any moneys of the corporation or regional system board and of any moneys held in trust or otherwise for the payment of notes or bonds and carrying out the contract. Moneys held in trust or otherwise for the payment of notes or bonds or in any way to secure notes or bonds, and deposits of such moneys, may be secured in the same manner as moneys of the corporation or regional system board, and all banks and trust companies are authorized to give security for the deposits;

(27) Entering into any agreement with the State, including but not limited to contracts for the provision of goods, services, and facilities in support of the corporation's programs or the regional system boards' programs, and contracting for the provision of services to or on behalf of the State; provided that the regional system boards shall be responsible for entering into agreements to provide goods, services, and facilities in support of programs in their respective regional systems consistent with corporation-wide policies;

(28) Having a seal and altering the same at pleasure;

(29) Waiving, by means that the corporation or regional system board deems appropriate, the exemption from federal income taxation of interest on the corporation's or regional system boards' bonds, notes, or other obligations provided by the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or any other federal statute providing a similar exemption;

(30) Developing internal policies and procedures for the procurement of goods and services, consistent with the goals of public accountability and public procurement practices, and subject to management and financial legislative audits; provided that the regional system boards shall be responsible for developing internal policies and procedures for each of their regional systems consistent with the corporation's policies and procedures; and further provided that:

(A) The regional system boards and the corporation board shall enjoy the exemption under section 103-53(e);

(B) The regional system boards shall enjoy the exemption under chapter 103D; and

(C) The corporation shall be subject to chapter 103D;

(31) Authorizing and establishing positions; provided that regional system boards shall be responsible for hiring and firing regional and facility personnel consistent with corporation policies, except a regional chief executive officer shall only be hired or dismissed upon the approval of the regional system board as further set forth in section 323F-8.5;

(32) Having and exercising all rights and powers necessary or incidental to or implied from the specific powers granted in this chapter, which specific powers shall not be considered as a limitation upon any power necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter; provided that the regional system boards shall be responsible for having and exercising all powers and rights with respect to matters in their regional systems consistent with the law; and

(33) Each regional system, through its regional system board, shall:

(A) Develop policies and procedures necessary or appropriate to plan, operate, manage, and control the day-to-day operations of facilities within the regional system that are consistent with corporation-wide policies;

(B) Exercise custodial control over and use of all assets of the corporation that are located in the regional system pursuant to this chapter; and

(C) Expend funds within its approved regional system budget and expend additional funds in excess of its approved regional system budget upon approval of the corporation board.

(d) Each regional system board shall not be subject to chapters 36 to 38, 40, 41D, and 103D as well as part I of chapter 92 and shall enjoy the exemptions contained in sections 102-2 and 103-53(e), except as otherwise provided in this chapter. The corporation shall not be subject to chapters 36 to 38, 40, and 41D, as well as part I of chapter 92, and shall enjoy the exemptions contained in sections 102-2 and 103-53(e); provided that the exemption provided under this subsection to chapter 37D shall only apply to financing agreements of $5,000,000 or less; provided further that the aggregate value of financing agreements per fiscal year shall not exceed $25,000,000.

(e) The duties and powers granted to the corporation or any regional system board may not be used to enter into contractual or business relationships that have the practical effect of allowing or are intended to allow private-sector counterparts to replace existing employee positions or responsibilities within the corporation or in any regional system or its facilities; provided the corporation or regional system boards shall be allowed to enter into such relationships to the extent and for the purposes that the division of community hospitals could have done under collective bargaining contracts that were in effect for the 1995-1996 fiscal year. [L 1996, c 262, pt of §2; am L 1998, c 229, §6; am L 2000, c 279, §6; am L 2002, c 148, §37; am L 2004, c 216, §37; am L 2007, c 290, §23; am L 2009, c 182, §12]

Case Notes

Plaintiff did not demonstrate that Act 103, Session Laws of Hawaii 2015, which directed the governor to transfer management and operation of three state-owned medical facilities to a private entity, conflicted with a provision of Act 262, Session Laws of Hawaii 1996, which established the state Hawaii Health Systems Corporation (HHSC), that prohibited the agency to enter into contractual or business relations, so as to impair, in violation of the contract clause of the United States Constitution, collective bargaining agreement between state and union representing public employees who worked for HHSC. 166 F. Supp. 3d 1159 (2016).

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