2013 Hawaii Revised Statutes
TITLE 38. PROCEDURAL AND SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
803. Arrests, Search Warrants
803-9 Examination after arrest; rights of arrested person.
§803-9 Examination after arrest; rights of arrested person. It shall be unlawful in any case of arrest for examination:
(1) To deny to the person so arrested the right of seeing, at reasonable intervals and for a reasonable time at the place of the person's detention, counsel or a member of the arrested person's family;
(2) To unreasonably refuse or fail to make a reasonable effort, where the arrested person so requests and prepays the cost of the message, to send a telephone, cable, or wireless message through a police officer or another than the arrested person to the counsel or member of the arrested person's family;
(3) To deny to counsel (whether retained by the arrested person or a member of the arrested person's family) or to a member of the arrested person's family the right to see or otherwise communicate with the arrested person at the place of the arrested person's detention (A) at any time for a reasonable period for the first time after the arrest, and (B) thereafter at reasonable intervals and for a reasonable time;
(4) In case the person arrested has requested that the person see an attorney or member of the person's family, to examine the person before the person has had a fair opportunity to see and consult with the attorney or member of the person's family;
(5) To fail within forty-eight hours of the arrest of a person on suspicion of having committed a crime either to release or to charge the arrested person with a crime and take the arrested person before a qualified magistrate for examination. [PC 1869, c 49, §9; am L 1915, c 25, §1; RL 1925, §3975; am L 1927, c 261, §1; RL 1935, §5408; am L 1941, c 168, §1; RL 1945, §10709; am L 1953, c 185, §1; RL 1955, §255-9; HRS §708-9; ren L 1972, c 9, pt of §1; gen ch 1985]
See Const. Art. I, §7.
Detention for examination, see §803-5.
Rules of Court
See HRPP rule 5.
Law Journals and Reviews
Suppression of Evidence Without the Aid of the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments. 8 HBJ 109.
Forty-eight hour law. Noncompliance, in itself, has no effect on voluntariness of confession. 37 H. 189, aff'd 163 F.2d 490; 43 H. 347; 45 H. 622, 372 P.2d 365.
McNabb-Mallory rule does not apply. 209 F.2d 75, aff'g 39 H. 167; 47 H. 158, 385 P.2d 830; 48 H. 204, 397 P.2d 558.
Where defendant is legally arrested after indictment by grand jury, it is immaterial whether a prior arrest was in violation of paragraph (5). 45 H. 221, 365 P.2d 202.
Applicability of Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478, and Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436: See 49 H. 504, 506 note 3, 421 P.2d 305; 49 H. 522, 423 P.2d 438; 50 H. 42, 46, 430 P.2d 330.
Give Miranda warnings before custodial interrogation. 56 H. 366, 537 P.2d 8.
Police failed to make a reasonable effort to contact an attorney pursuant to paragraph (2) as requested by defendant when they did nothing more than call attorney's listed number on two different occasions, although informed that the number was not in service; however, under circumstances of case, this violation of this section did not warrant suppression of defendant's subsequent statements. 96 H. 224, 30 P.3d 238 (2001).
Where, in response to alternatives presented by detectives, petitioner's reply that petitioner wanted an attorney was sufficiently precise to put detectives on notice of their obligations under paragraph (2), detectives making no effort to follow up on petitioner's request to talk to an attorney, and examination of petitioner before petitioner had fair opportunity to see and consult with one, violated this section. 101 H. 209, 65 P.3d 156 (2003).
The request of an arrested person to "see an attorney" under paragraph (4) requires any examination of the arrested person to immediately cease; trial court wrongly concluded that defendant's right under paragraph (4) to have "a fair opportunity" to consult with an attorney was violated where police failed to refer defendant to the public defender's office once defendant stated defendant wanted to see an attorney. 101 H. 344 (App.), 68 P.3d 618 (2002).
Under paragraph (2), there is no duty on the part of police to make a telephone call to an attorney for the arrested person unless and until the arrested person requests the call to be made; the trial court erred in concluding that the police were duty-bound under paragraph (2) to contact the public defender's office on defendant's behalf even though defendant had made no such request. 101 H. 344 (App.), 68 P.3d 618 (2002).
Mentioned: 61 H. 291, 602 P.2d 933.
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