2020 Guam Statutes
Title 22 - Business Regulation
Division 1 - Labor Regulations
Chapter 6 - Fair Chances Hiring Process Act


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22 GCA BUSINESS REGULATIONS CH. 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT CHAPTER 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT SOURCE: Entire chapter added by P.L. 34-022:2 (July 17, 2017), effective 210 days after enactment. 2017 NOTE: As enacted, this chapter included article designations, as follows: Article 1 "General Provisions" for §§ 6101-6102; Article 2 Guam Department of Labor Administration and Enforcement Role" for §§ 61036105; Article 3 "Employer Protections and Incentives" for §6106; and Article 4 "Miscellaneous Provisions" for §§ 6107-6108. The article designations were omitted by the Compiler pursuant to the authority of 1 GCA § 1606. § 6101. § 6102. § 6103. § 6104. § 6105. § 6106. § 6107. § 6108. Definitions. General Policy. Complaint Process. Administrative Responsibilities. Reporting Requirements. Negligent Hiring Immunity. Severability. Effective Date. § 6101. Definitions. As used in this Chapter: (a) Applicant means any person considered for, or who requests to be considered for, employment by an employer; or, any employee considered for, or who requests to be considered for, another employment position, by the employer. (b) Arrest means being apprehended, detained, taken into custody, held for investigation, or restrained by a law enforcement agency due to an accusation or suspicion that a person committed a crime. (c) Conditional offer of employment means an oral or written offer by an employer to employ an individual in a job, or placement in a staffing agency’s staffing pool, that is conditioned solely on the employer’s evaluation of the individual’s criminal history. (d) Criminal history means any conviction, plea of nolo contendere, or deferred adjudication arising from felony criminal accusation, or any misdemeanor criminal accusation, made under 1 COL11282017 22 GCA BUSINESS REGULATIONS CH. 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT local or federal law, or a comparable law of a state of the United States. This does not include dismissed, expunged, or sealed cases. (e) Employer means any person, company, corporation, general contractor, firm, labor organization, or association, including the government of Guam, that employs more than fifteen (15) employees in Guam. (f) Employment means any occupation, vocation, job, or work for pay, including temporary or seasonal work, contracted work, contingent work, and work through the services of a temporary or other employment agency; or, any form of vocational or educational training with pay, where the physical location of the employment is in whole or in substantial part, within Guam. (g) Inquiry means any direct or indirect conduct intended to gather criminal history information from or about the applicant, candidate, or employee, using any method, including application forms, interviews, and criminal history or background checks. (h) Interview means any direct contact by the employer with the applicant in person, or by telephone or video-teleconferencing, to discuss the employment being sought or the applicant’s qualifications. § 6102. General Policy. (a) An employer shall not request that a police clearance or a court clearance be provided as part of the application for employment; however, upon a conditional offer, an employer may request an employee provide evidence as to any pending criminal cases or criminal history, in accordance with this Chapter. (b) For purposes of this Chapter, The Guam Police Department and the Superior Court of Guam shall not reveal any information concerning an arrest that did not result in a filed criminal case, or concerning a court case that has been dismissed, whether it has been expunged or not, and whether or not it was dismissed with prejudice or without prejudice, except to the person whose record it is, or to a licensed attorney representing that person, or upon order of the Court. (c) An employer shall not make any inquiry about, or require the disclosure of, an applicant’s arrest record or criminal cases which resulted in dismissal, expungement, sealing, or did not result in a 2 COL11282017 22 GCA BUSINESS REGULATIONS CH. 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT conviction. This prohibition, however, shall not apply into inquiry about pending criminal cases against the applicant, which may be inquired about according to the guidelines below. (d) An employer may only inquire about or require the disclosure of an applicant’s criminal history or pending criminal cases after or upon making a conditional offer of employment. (e) The prohibition of this Section shall not apply: (1) where any federal or local law or regulation requires the consideration of an applicant’s criminal history for the purpose of employment; (2) to any position designated by the employer as part of a federal or local government position or obligation that is designed to encourage the employment of those with criminal histories; or (3) to any position which requires that employee to work in close proximity of or provides programs, services, or direct care to minors. (f) Following the extension of a conditional offer of employment, an employer may only withdraw the conditional offer to an applicant for a legitimate business reason. The employer’s determination of a legitimate business reason must also be reasonable in light of the following factors: (1) the specific duties and responsibilities necessarily related to the employment sought or held by the person; (2) the bearing, if any, that the open criminal case or criminal history will have on the applicant’s fitness or ability to perform one (1) or more such duties and responsibilities; (3) the time which has elapsed since the occurrence of the pending criminal case or criminal history; (4) the age of the person at the time of the pending criminal case or criminal history; (5) the frequency and severity of the pending criminal case or criminal history; and (6) any information produced by the person, or produced on his/her behalf, in regard to his/her rehabilitation and good conduct 3 COL11282017 22 GCA BUSINESS REGULATIONS CH. 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT since the occurrence of the pending criminal case or criminal history. (g) If an applicant’s conditional offer is terminated or an adverse action is taken against an applicant on the basis of the pending criminal case or criminal history, the applicant may request that the employer provide the applicant within thirty (30) days: (1) a copy of any and all records procured by the employer in consideration of the applicant or employee, including criminal records; and (2) a written Statement of Denial which: (A) articulates a legitimate business reason for the denial; (B) specifically demonstrates consideration of each of the factors set forth in Subsection (d) of this Section; and (C) advises the applicant of his or her opportunity to file an administrative complaint with the Guam Department of Labor. (3) Failure to provide a written Statement of Denial upon request as set forth in this Subsection shall create a rebuttable presumption that no legitimate business reason exists for denying the applicant employment or taking an adverse action against an employee on the basis of a criminal history. § 6103. Complaint Process. (a) A person claiming to be aggrieved by a violation of this Chapter may file an administrative complaint with the Guam Department of Labor (Department), in accordance with procedures set forth by the Department. (b) The administrative remedies outlined in Subsection (a) of this Section are exclusive. A person claiming to be aggrieved by a violation of this Chapter shall not have a private cause of action in any court based on a violation of this Chapter. (c) Any administrative complaint made under the provisions of this Chapter must be made within ninety (90) days of notification of denial of employment by an employer. § 6104. Administrative Responsibilities. 4 COL11282017 22 GCA BUSINESS REGULATIONS CH. 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT (a) The Guam Department of Labor shall develop administrative rules and regulations in accordance with outlining the procedures by which it will accept, investigate, and adjudicate complaints of Fair Chances Hiring Process Act violations, and the enforcement of provisions of the Act. All rules and regulations shall comply with the Administrative Adjudication Law, as required in Chapter 9 of Title 5, Guam Code Annotated. (1) The Director of Labor shall be the Hearing Officer in any appeals relative to enforcement actions initiated by the Fair Employment Practice Office. (2) The Fair Employment Practice Office shall have all necessary enforcement and investigative powers to enforce provisions of this Act. (3) The Department may refer any unpaid penalties to the Department of Revenue and Taxation, or other appropriate licensing entities, who shall require that all penalties under this Act be paid in full before renewing a business license. (b) In the development and application of rules and regulations, the Department shall take into consideration penalties ranging from training, retraining, written warning, and financial penalties. The Guam Department of Labor is hereby authorized to issue fines for violations of this Act in accordance with the following monetary caps: (1) for employers that employ fifteen (15) to thirty (30) employees, a fine of up to, but not more than, One Thousand Dollars ($1000.00) per violation; (2) for employers that employ thirty-one (31) to ninety-nine (99) employees, a fine of up to, but not more than, Two Thousand Dollars ($2000.00) per violation; and (3) for employers that employ one hundred (100) or more employees, or for any government of Guam agency, a fine of up to, but not more than, Four Thousand Dollars ($4000.00) per violation. (c) The Guam Department of Labor may develop a training program and/or a plan for providing training resources for employers and their representatives, such as hiring authorities or human resource officers. The program may include a mandatory posting in each 5 COL11282017 22 GCA BUSINESS REGULATIONS CH. 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT employer’s premises, developed by the Department, which notifies employees of this Act and other labor laws. (d) Any penalty fines for violations of this Act shall be collected by the Department of Labor. Fines collected by the Department under the provisions of this Section shall be deposited in the Manpower Development Fund to be employed exclusively for the training programs and enforcement operations within the Fair Employment Practice Office. The Director of Labor shall submit an annual report of all expenditures and activities under this Subsection to I Liheslatura (the Legislature). (e) An employer may request for an advisory opinion from the Fair Employment Practice Office with regards to a specific situation related to this Act; provided, however, that the Director may decline to entertain such requests at his or her discretion. § 6105 Reporting Requirements. (a) The Guam Department of Labor Compliance Office shall maintain data on the number of complaints filed pursuant to this Act, demographic information on the complainants, the number of investigations it conducts, and the disposition of every complaint and investigation, complete with a summary as to the Department’s compliance with its rules and regulations. (b) In the event that an employer is found to have more than one (1) violation of this Act, the Guam Department of Labor Compliance Office shall post the name of the employer on the Guam Department of Labor official website. Employers found to be in violation of this Act shall not be posted for their first violation, but shall be posted for all subsequent violations. The names of applicants impacted by an employer violation shall not be named. This posting shall be made on the Guam Department of Labor official website, and shall include the date of the violation. Violating employers shall be listed on the official website for a period of seven (7) years after they are found in violation, and removed after that time period. (c) Data maintained by the Guam Department of Labor regarding Subsection (a) of this Section shall be posted on its official website annually beginning one (1) year from the effective date of the Fair Chances Hiring Process Act. § 6106. Negligent Hiring Immunity. 6 COL11282017 22 GCA BUSINESS REGULATIONS CH. 6 FAIR CHANCES HIRING PROCESS ACT (a) A cause of action may not be brought against an employer for negligently hiring or failing to adequately supervise an employee, based on evidence that the employee has a pending criminal case or criminal history. (b) This Section does not preclude a cause of action for negligent hiring or the failure of an employer to provide adequate supervision of an employee, if: (1) the employer knew or should have known of the pending criminal case or criminal history; and (2) the employee was convicted of an offense that was committed while performing duties substantially similar to those reasonably expected to be performed in the employment, or under conditions substantially similar to those reasonably expected to be encountered in the employment, taking into consideration the factors listed in § 6102(d) of Article 1 of this Chapter. (c) This Section does not create a cause of action or expand an existing cause of action. § 6107. Severability. If any provision of this Act or its application to any person or circumstance is found to be invalid, or contrary to law, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this Act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are severable. § 6108. Effective Date. This Act shall be effective two hundred ten (210) days after enactment. -------- 7 COL11282017
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