2021 Georgia Code
Title 24 - Evidence
Chapter 3 - Parol Evidence
§ 24-3-2. Proof of Unwritten Portions of Contract Admissible Where Not Inconsistent

Universal Citation: GA Code § 24-3-2 (2021)

If the writing does not purport to contain all the stipulations of the contract, parol evidence shall be admissible to prove other portions thereof not inconsistent with the writing; collateral undertakings between parties of the same part among themselves would not properly be looked for in the writing.

(Code 1981, §24-3-2, enacted by Ga. L. 2011, p. 99, § 2/HB 24.)


Am. Jur. 2d.

- 29A Am. Jur. 2d, Evidence, § 1128 et seq.


- 32A C.J.S., Evidence, §§ 1176, 1195, 1196, 1219, 1243, 1244, 1245, 1255 et seq., 1269.


- Competency of parol evidence to show a money consideration additional to that stipulated in a written contract, 12 A.L.R. 354.

Competency of parol evidence to vary, contradict, or add to terms of ticket or token issued by carrier for transportation or accommodation of passenger, 62 A.L.R. 655.

Parol evidence rule: tests for determining whether entire agreement is embodied in the writing (rule of integration), 70 A.L.R. 752.

Admissibility of parol or extrinsic evidence to show promise of employment or other consideration not embodied in written release of claim for bodily injury or death, 92 A.L.R. 248.

Admissibility of parol or extrinsic evidence to alter or supplement written records of local legislative bodies, 98 A.L.R. 1229.

"Contractual" consideration as regards parol evidence rule, 100 A.L.R. 17.

Parol evidence rule as applied to rights or liabilities of coparties to contract as between themselves or their privies, 129 A.L.R. 673.

Election by beneficiary to take under or against will as predictable upon initiation of, or participation in, court proceedings, 166 A.L.R. 316.

Performance of work previously contracted for as consideration for promise to pay greater or additional amount, 12 A.L.R.2d 78.

Parol evidence to show duration of written contract for support or maintenance, 14 A.L.R.2d 897.

Failure to object to parol evidence, or voluntary introduction thereof, as waiver of defense of statute of frauds, 15 A.L.R.2d 1330.

Admissibility of oral agreement as to specific time for performance where written contract is silent, 85 A.L.R.2d 1269.

Admissibility of oral agreement respecting duration of employment or agency where written contract is silent, 85 A.L.R.2d 1331.

Effectiveness of stipulation of parties or attorneys, notwithstanding its violating form requirements, 7 A.L.R.3d 1394.

Enforceability of voluntary promise of additional compensation because of unforeseen difficulties in performance of existing contract, 85 A.L.R.3d 259.

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