2021 Georgia Code
Title 17 - Criminal Procedure
Chapter 17 - Crime Victims' Bill of Rights
§ 17-17-3. Definitions

Universal Citation: GA Code § 17-17-3 (2021)

As used in this chapter, the term:

  1. "Accused" means a person suspected of and subject to arrest for, arrested for, or convicted of a crime against a victim.

    (1.1) "Arrest" means an actual custodial restraint of a person or the person's submission to custody and includes the taking of a child into custody.

  2. "Arresting law enforcement agency" means any law enforcement agency, other than the investigating law enforcement agency, which arrests the accused.
  3. "Compensation" means awards granted by the Georgia Crime Victims Compensation Board pursuant to Chapter 15 of this title.
  4. "Crime" means an act committed in this state which constitutes any violation of Chapter 5 of Title 16; Chapter 6 of Title 16; Article 1, 3, or 4 of Chapter 7 of Title 16; Article 1 or 2 of Chapter 8 of Title 16; Chapter 9 of Title 16; Part 3 of Article 3 of Chapter 12 of Title 16; Code Section 40-6-393; Code Section 40-6-393.1; or Code Section 40-6-394.

    (4.1) "Criminal justice agency" means an arresting law enforcement agency, custodial authority, investigating law enforcement agency, prosecuting attorney, or the State Board of Pardons and Paroles.

  5. "Custodial authority" means a warden, sheriff, jailer, deputy sheriff, police officer, correctional officer, officer or employee of the Department of Corrections or the Department of Juvenile Justice, community supervision officer or employee of the Department of Community Supervision, or any other law enforcement officer having actual custody of the accused.
  6. "Investigating law enforcement agency" means the law enforcement agency responsible for the investigation of the crime.
  7. "Notice," "notification," or "notify" means a written notice when time permits or, failing such, a documented effort to reach the victim by telephonic or other means.
  8. "Person" means an individual.
  9. "Prompt notice," "prompt notification," or "promptly notify" means notification given to the victim as soon as practically possible so as to provide the victim with a meaningful opportunity to exercise his or her rights pursuant to this chapter.
  10. "Prosecuting attorney" means the district attorney, the solicitor-general of a state court or the solicitor of any other court, the Attorney General, a county attorney opposing an accused in a habeas corpus proceeding, or the designee of any of these.
  11. "Victim" means:
    1. A person against whom a crime has been perpetrated or has allegedly been perpetrated; or
    2. In the event of the death of the crime victim, the following relations if the relation is not either in custody for an offense or the defendant:
      1. The spouse;
      2. An adult child if division (i) of this subparagraph does not apply;
      3. A parent if divisions (i) and (ii) of this subparagraph do not apply;
      4. A sibling if divisions (i) through (iii) of this subparagraph do not apply; or
      5. A grandparent if divisions (i) through (iv) of this subparagraph do not apply; or
    3. A parent, guardian, or custodian of a crime victim who is a minor or a legally incapacitated person except if such parent, guardian, or custodian is in custody for an offense or is the defendant.

(Code 1981, §17-17-3, enacted by Ga. L. 1995, p. 385, § 2; Ga. L. 1996, p. 748, § 17; Ga. L. 1997, p. 1453, § 1; Ga. L. 2010, p. 214, § 7/HB 567; Ga. L. 2013, p. 524, § 3-1/HB 78; Ga. L. 2015, p. 422, § 5-40/HB 310.)

Code Commission notes.

- Pursuant to Code Section 28-9-5, in 1995, "or" was added at the end of division (11)(B)(iv).

Pursuant to Code Section 28-9-5, in 2020, "of this subparagraph” was inserted in divisions (11)(B)(ii) through (11)(B)(v).

Editor's notes.

- Ga. L. 1996, p. 748, § 27, not codified by the General Assembly, provides: "Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an Act approved February 11, 1854 (Ga. L. 1854, p. 281), which abolished the office of solicitor of the City Court of Savannah, now the State Court of Chatham County, and transferred responsibility for the prosecution of criminal cases in said court to the solicitor general (now the district attorney) for the Eastern Judicial Circuit is confirmed. It shall be the duty of said district attorney to prosecute all criminal actions in said state court until otherwise specifically provided by law."

Ga. L. 1996, p. 748, § 28, not codified by the General Assembly, provides: "The provisions of this Act shall not affect the powers, duties, or responsibilities of the district attorney as successor to the office of solicitor general under the constitution, statutes, and common law of this state as provided by Code Section 15-18-1."

Ga. L. 1996, p. 748, § 29, not codified by the General Assembly, provides: "Except as otherwise authorized in this Act, on and after July 1, 1996, any reference in general law or in any local Act to the solicitor of a state court shall mean and shall be deemed to mean the solicitor-general of such state court."

Ga. L. 1996, p. 748, § 30(b), not codified by the General Assembly, provides: "The provisions of paragraph (3) of Code Section 15-18-62, relating to the qualifications for the office of solicitor-general of a state court, shall apply to any person elected or appointed to such office after July 1, 1996. Any person holding such office on July 1, 1996, may continue to hold such office for the remainder of the term to which such person was elected or appointed notwithstanding the fact that such person has not been a member of the State Bar of Georgia for three years if such person is otherwise qualified to hold the office of solicitor-general."

Ga. L. 2015, p. 422, § 6-1/HB 310, not codified by the General Assembly, provides, in part, that this Act shall apply to sentences entered on or after July 1, 2015.

Law reviews.

- For article on the 2015 amendment of this Code section, see 32 Ga. St. U.L. Rev. 231 (2015).

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