2021 Georgia Code
Title 15 - Courts
Chapter 12 - Juries
Article 4 - Grand Juries



- Duty of prosecutor to present exculpatory evidence to state grand jury, 49 A.L.R.5th 639.


Cross references.

- Grand jury investigations, § 16-11-10.

Indictments generally, § 17-7-50 et seq.

Selection of members of county boards of education by grand juries, § 20-2-51.

Supervision by grand jury of preparation of voting machines, § 21-2-327.

Proceedings before grand juries regarding boundary line changes, § 36-3-1 et seq.

Law reviews.

- For article, "Symposium Protect and Serve: Perspectives on 21st Century Policing January 20, 2017: The Grand Jury: A Shield of a Different Sort," see 51 Ga. L. Rev. 1001 (2017).


Powers and duties not alterable by special laws.

- Powers and duties of grand jury as stated in these statutes cannot be altered to enlarge, diminish, modify, or change them by any special laws. Bussell v. Youngblood, 239 Ga. 553, 238 S.E.2d 89 (1977).

Cited in Sweeney v. Balkcom, 358 F.2d 415 (5th Cir. 1966).


Neither a district attorney nor members of the district attorney's staff should be present for deliberations of the grand jury. 1997 Op. Att'y Gen. No. U97-3.



- Matters within investigating powers of grand jury, 22 A.L.R. 1356; 106 A.L.R. 1383; 120 A.L.R. 437.

Power of grand jury to contract, 26 A.L.R. 605.

Duration of imprisonment for refusal to answer question as a witness before the grand jury, 28 A.L.R. 1364.

Communicating with grand jury as contempt, 29 A.L.R. 489.

Prejudice of member of grand jury against defendant as ground of attack on indictment, 88 A.L.R. 899.

Communicating with grand jury or member thereof as a criminal offense, 112 A.L.R. 319.

Member of grand or petit jury as officer within constitutional or statutory provisions in relation to oath or affirmation, 118 A.L.R. 1098.

Contemporaneous existence or functioning of two or more grand juries, 121 A.L.R. 814.

Absence of grand jurors during hearing as affecting indictment, 156 A.L.R. 248.

Right to challenge personnel of grand jury, 169 A.L.R. 1169.

Libel and slander: proceedings, presentments, investigations, and reports of grand jury as privileged, 48 A.L.R.2d 716.

Power of court to control evidence or witnesses going before grand jury, 52 A.L.R.3d 1316.

Presence of unauthorized persons during state grand jury proceedings as affecting indictment, 23 A.L.R.4th 397.

Individual's right to present complaint or evidence of criminal offense to grand jury, 24 A.L.R.4th 316.

Age group underrepresentation in grand jury or petit jury venire, 62 A.L.R.4th 859.

Presence of persons not authorized by Rule 6(d) of Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure during session of grand jury as warranting dismissal of indictment, 68 A.L.R. Fed. 798.

Civil liability of witness in action under 42 USCS § 1983 for deprivation of civil rights, based on testimony given at pretrial criminal proceeding, 94 A.L.R. Fed. 892.

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