2021 Georgia Code
Title 14 - Corporations, Partnerships, and Associations
Chapter 2 - Business Corporations
Article 2 - Incorporation
§ 14-2-203. Incorporation

Universal Citation: GA Code § 14-2-203 (2021)
  1. Unless a delayed effective date is specified, the corporate existence begins when the articles of incorporation are filed.
  2. The Secretary of State's filing of the articles of incorporation is conclusive proof that the incorporators satisfied all conditions precedent to incorporation except in a proceeding by the state to cancel or revoke the incorporation or involuntarily dissolve the corporation.

(Code 1981, §14-2-203, enacted by Ga. L. 1988, p. 1070, § 1.)

Law reviews.

- For comment, "An Empirical Study of Defective Incorporation," see 39 Emory L.J. 523 (1990).


Am. Jur. 2d.

- 18 Am. Jur. 2d, Corporations, § 72.


- 18 C.J.S., Corporations, § 66.


- Effect upon the corporate existence of failure to file certificate in organizing a corporation, 22 A.L.R. 376; 37 A.L.R. 1319.

Validity, construction, and effect of provisions of articles of incorporation or stock certificates relating to call, redemption, or retirement of common stock, 48 A.L.R.2d 392.

Incorporation of company under particular name as creating exclusive right to such name, 68 A.L.R.3d 1168.

Liability of attorney for improper or ineffective incorporation of client, 40 A.L.R.4th 535.

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