2020 Georgia Code
Title 46 - Public Utilities and Public Transportation
Chapter 5 - Telephone Service
Article 1 - General Provisions
§ 46-5-2. Avoiding or Attempting to Avoid Charges for Use of Telecommunication Service; Penalties; Computation of Damages

Universal Citation: GA Code § 46-5-2 (2020)
  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to avoid or attempt to avoid or to cause another to avoid the lawful charges, in whole or in part, for any telecommunication service as defined in subsection (a) of Code Section 46-5-3 or for the transmission of a message, signal, or other communication by telephone or over telecommunication facilities by the use of any fraudulent scheme, means, or method, or by the use of any unlawful telecommunication device as defined in subsection (a) of Code Section 46-5-3 or other mechanical, electric, or electronic device; provided, however, that this Code section and Code Sections 46-5-3 and 46-5-4 shall not apply to amateur radio repeater operation involving a dial interconnect.
    1. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, any person who violates this Code section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor; provided, however, that upon conviction of a second or subsequent such offense under this Code section, the defendant commits a felony and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000.00 or imprisoned for not less than one nor more than five years, or both.
    2. Any person who violates this Code section by avoiding or causing another to avoid lawful charges for any telecommunication service which lawful charges are in an amount in excess of $10,000.00 commits a felony and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000.00 or imprisoned for not less than one nor more than five years, or both.
    3. The court may, in addition to any other sentence authorized by law, order a person convicted under this Code section to make restitution for the offense.
    4. Any person, corporation, or other entity aggrieved by a violation of this Code section may, in a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction, obtain appropriate relief, including preliminary and other equitable or declaratory relief, compensatory and punitive damages, reasonable investigation expenses, cost of suit, and reasonable attorney's fees.
    5. Compensatory damages awarded by a court in a civil action under this Code section shall be computed as one of the following:
      1. At any time prior to the entering of a final judgment, the complaining party may elect to recover the actual damages suffered by the complaining party as a result of the violation of this Code section;
      2. In any case where a violator commits more than one violation of this Code section, the complaining party, at any time before final judgment is entered, may elect to recover, in lieu of actual damages, an award of statutory damages for all violations involved in the action in a sum not less than $250.00 nor more than $10,000.00 per violation. The amount of statutory damages shall be determined by the court as the court considers just;
      3. In any case where the court finds that any of the violations of this Code section were committed willfully and for the purposes of commercial advantage or financial gain, the court in its discretion may increase the award of damages, whether actual or statutory, by an amount of not more than $50,000.00; or
      4. Nothing in this paragraph shall prohibit the recovery of other types of damages otherwise authorized under paragraph (4) of this subsection.

(Ga. L. 1975, p. 1534, §§ 1, 3; Ga. L. 1976, p. 1179, §§ 1, 3; Ga. L. 1977, p. 1170, § 1; Ga. L. 1984, p. 22, § 46; Ga. L. 1996, p. 1085, § 1; Ga. L. 2001, p. 848, § 1; Ga. L. 2012, p. 847, § 7/HB 1115.)

The 2012 amendment, effective July 1, 2012, substituted "telephone or over telecommunication facilities" for "telephone or telegraph or over telecommunication or telegraph facilities" near the middle of subsection (a).

Cross references.

- Criminal penalty for theft of services generally, § 16-8-5.

Criminal penalty for unauthorized reproduction and sale of recorded material, § 16-8-60.

Publication of information regarding schemes, devices, means, or methods for theft of telecommunication services, § 16-9-39.

Licensing and regulation of cable television systems by counties, Ch. 18, T. 36.

Code Commission notes.

- Pursuant to Code Section 28-9-5, in 2001, "this paragraph" was substituted for "paragraph (5) of this subsection" in subparagraph (b)(5)(D).

Law reviews.

- For review of 1996 public utilities and public transportation legislation, see 13 Ga. U.L. Rev. 290 (1996).


Am. Jur. 2d.

- 74 Am. Jur. 2d, Telecommunications, § 188.


- Validity and construction of municipal ordinances regulating community antenna television service (CATV), 41 A.L.R.3d 384.

Criminal prosecutions for use of "blue box" or similar device permitting user to make long-distance telephone calls without incurring charges, 78 A.L.R.3d 449.

Criminal liability for unauthorized interference with or reception of radio or television transmission, 43 A.L.R.4th 991.

State civil actions by subscription television business for use, or providing technical means of use, of transmission by nonsubscribers, 46 A.L.R.4th 811.

Offense of obtaining telephone services by unauthorized use of another's telephone number - state cases, 61 A.L.R.4th 1197.

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