2020 Georgia Code
Title 40 - Motor Vehicles and Traffic
Chapter 6 - Uniform Rules of the Road
Article 15 - Serious Traffic Offenses
§ 40-6-393.1. Feticide by Vehicle; Penalties

Universal Citation: GA Code § 40-6-393.1 (2020)
  1. For the purposes of this Code section, the term "unborn child" means a member of the species homo sapiens at any stage of development who is carried in the womb.
    1. A person commits the offense of feticide by vehicle in the first degree if he or she causes the death of an unborn child by any injury to the mother of such child which would be homicide by vehicle in the first degree as provided in subsection (a), (b), or (d) of Code Section 40-6-393 if it resulted in the death of such mother.
    2. A person convicted of the offense of feticide by vehicle in the first degree shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than three years nor more than 15 years.
    1. A person commits the offense of feticide by vehicle in the second degree if he or she causes the death of an unborn child by any injury to the mother of such child by violating any provision of this title other than Code Section 40-6-390 or 40-6-391, which would be homicide by vehicle in the second degree as provided in subsection (c) of Code Section 40-6-393 if it resulted in the death of such mother.
    2. A person convicted of the offense of feticide by vehicle in the second degree shall be punished as provided in Code Section 17-10-3.

(Code 1981, §40-6-393.1, enacted by Ga. L. 1991, p. 1109, § 1; Ga. L. 2006, p. 643, § 3/SB 77; Ga. L. 2008, p. 1164, § 3/SB 529.)

Editor's notes.

- Ga. L. 2006, p. 643, § 5/SB 77, not codified by the General Assembly, provides that this Act shall apply to all offenses committed on or after July 1, 2006.

Ga. L. 2008, p. 1164, § 6/SB 529, not codified by the General Assembly, provides that the amendment to this Code section shall apply to all offenses committed on or after July 1, 2008.

Law reviews.

- For article on the 2006 amendment of this Code section, see 23 Ga. St. U.L. Rev. 27 (2006). For note on the 1991 enactment of this Code section, see 8 Ga. St. U.L. Rev. 147 (1992).

JUDICIAL DECISIONS

Evidence sufficient to support conviction.

- Evidence was sufficient for the jury to find the defendant guilty of first degree homicide by vehicle, O.C.G.A. § 40-6-393(a), first degree feticide by vehicle, O.C.G.A. § 40-6-393.1(b)(1), driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol, O.C.G.A. § 40-6-391(a)(5), and DUI of alcohol to the extent that it was less safe for the defendant to do so, O.C.G.A. § 40-6-391(a)(1), because the state presented evidence that the defendant had a blood-alcohol content of nearly double the legal limit at or near the time the defendant veered across three lanes of traffic and collided with a driver's pick-up truck, which resulted in the death of the driver, a passenger, and the passenger's unborn child. Jones v. State, 313 Ga. App. 590, 722 S.E.2d 202 (2012).

OPINIONS OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL

For an update of crimes and offenses for which the Georgia Crime Information Center is authorized to collect and file identifying data, see 1991 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 91-35.

RESEARCH REFERENCES

ALR.

- Homicide based on killing of unborn child, 64 A.L.R.5th 671.

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