2020 Georgia Code
Title 4 - Animals
Chapter 3 - Livestock Running at Large or Straying
§ 4-3-4. Impoundment of Livestock Running at Large or Straying

Universal Citation: GA Code § 4-3-4 (2020)
  1. It shall be the duty of the sheriff, his deputies, or any other county law enforcement officer to impound livestock found to be running at large or straying. Owners or operators of farms may also impound such livestock, provided that the livestock is kept in a suitable place and cared for properly; such owners or operators shall receive the feed and care fee allowed in Code Section 4-3-10.
  2. If an owner or operator of a farm impounds livestock, it shall be his duty to notify the owner of such livestock immediately. If the owner of the livestock is unknown and is not determined within three days, the person who impounds the livestock shall notify the sheriff of such impoundment; and the sheriff shall transport the livestock as soon as possible to a county pound as provided for in Code Section 4-3-11. The sheriff shall then follow the procedure set out in this chapter as if he had originally impounded such livestock.

(Ga. L. 1953, Jan.-Feb. Sess., p. 380, § 4; Ga. L. 1953, Nov.-Dec. Sess., p. 395, § 5.)

Law reviews.

- For annual survey on local government law, see 61 Mercer L. Rev. 255 (2009). For survey article on local government law, see 67 Mercer L. Rev. 147 (2015).


Official immunity for death of animal during impoundment attempt.

- Trial court did not err in finding that a sheriff's deputy was entitled to official immunity after killing an owner's bull while attempting to impound the bull because the deputy's actions were discretionary. To control a potentially dangerous animal pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 4-3-4(a), the deputy was required to make decisions concerning the safety of the deputy and others as circumstances - including the behavior of the animal - changed; under such changing circumstances, the deputy was required to exercise considerable deliberation and judgment, which rendered the deputy's actions discretionary. Todd v. Brooks, 292 Ga. App. 329, 665 S.E.2d 11 (2008), cert. denied, No. S08C1859, 2008 Ga. LEXIS 924 (Ga. 2008).

Cited in Jackson v. State, 120 Ga. App. 417, 170 S.E.2d 751 (1969).


Am. Jur. 2d.

- 4 Am. Jur. 2d, Animals, § 37 et seq.


- 3B C.J.S., Animals, §§ 244 et seq., 309 et seq.

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